Questions tagged [biplane]

Airplane with 2 wings stacked on top of each other.

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44
votes
3answers
7k views

Was the Space Shuttle aerodynamically neutral while piggybacking, or did the combination act like a giant biplane?

Trying to investigate this question, I see that 'Ask the Captain' says: The weight of the shuttle is calculated like any payload. The 747 produces enough lift to fly and to carry the weight of ...
40
votes
5answers
8k views

Why do most biplanes have their top wing slightly forward of the lower wing?

In most of the biplanes, the top wing is located a little forward of the lower wing. What is the use of this? Also, how does this affect stability of the aircraft.
31
votes
2answers
9k views

Has a commercial or military jet bi-plane ever been manufactured?

Are there any, or have there ever been any commercial/military jet bi-planes? What would be some of the major advantages vs disadvantages if one was built? Electric radio controlled ducted fan model. ...
31
votes
5answers
12k views

What special handling characteristics or techniques do biplanes have?

How does flying a biplane differ from flying a monoplane? Apart from the increased drag and lift, how does it handle differently, and what effect does that have on manoeuvring? In particular, I'm ...
19
votes
2answers
2k views

Can anyone identify this 1910s era biplane?

I tried a number of searches with absolutely no luck. I remember a few that looked sort of similar without that smooth aerodynamic nose and body. I did try at least. If this helps, the individual ...
17
votes
3answers
5k views

Why does the Beech Staggerwing have its low wing ahead of the high wing?

Why does the Beech Staggerwing have its low wing in ahead of the high wing? What are the aerodynamic ideas behind this? Other biplanes of the era had the opposite, low wing behind the high one.
17
votes
1answer
2k views

What is this biplane?

What is this biplane shown above?
17
votes
1answer
2k views

Can someone identify this biplane?

My grandfather in the back seat apparently.
16
votes
3answers
5k views

Why does wingwalking use only biplanes?

Wingwalking is an aerobatic discipline with shows such as this one. The definition of wingwalking from Wikipedia gives no other alternative than using biplanes: Wing walking is the act of moving ...
15
votes
6answers
10k views

Why do older airplanes have a wing on both the top and the bottom of the aircraft?

The first airplane by the Wright brothers had a double wing. This concept continued through World War 1 and into the 1930s - why was this concept popular?
15
votes
2answers
1k views

What is this RAF biplane, and where was the photo taken (possibly in the 1920s)?

My grandfather is in the middle row. He joined the RAF as a boy entrant in 1920. He served in Iraq 1924-27 and India 1927-29 so I suspect by the uniforms this is from one of those postings.
15
votes
3answers
4k views

What are the disadvantages of a delta wing biplane design?

The idea of a delta wing as I understand it is to reduce stress on the wing and drag on the leading edge. Now using two delta wings on separate planes, on one frame would presumably allow for a ...
14
votes
3answers
857 views

What is this old biplane?

Can anyone identify this aeroplane? Location is Cordoba, Argentina.
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Can anyone identify this pusher biplane?

This plane was probably built around 1912. I do not know by what company built this. Does anyone know what airplane this is?
10
votes
1answer
240 views

Can anyone identify this biplane from 1920s-1930s?

It was my grandfather's, but he is no longer around to ask. He lived in Nebraska.
9
votes
1answer
734 views

Can you identify this plane from 1920 and prior vintage?

My grand uncle, that is my grandfather's brother had a flight school and performed in barnstorming shows somewhere in the midwest and it's not a Jenny. His name was Ralph Bloxham and is seen with his ...
8
votes
2answers
457 views

Were there any folding wing biplanes?

Given that several nations had operational carriers by 1920 and biplanes were still in military service, were there any folding wing biplanes? Wikipedia: United States first purpose built aircraft ...
8
votes
1answer
420 views

Lift distribution on biplanes

This Wikipedia page about biplanes says in a wing of aspect ratio 6, and a wing separation distance of one chord length, the biplane configuration will only produce about 20 percent more lift than ...
7
votes
1answer
512 views

Can anyone help identify this old 1930s plane?

I would like to identify this plane, if anyone can help? All I can tell you is that it is from an old photo album and probably an English Airshow in the 1920's or 1930's.
6
votes
4answers
1k views

What biplane is this model modelled after?

What biplane is this model modelled after?
6
votes
2answers
384 views

Any biplane flying wings after 1914?

Were any biplane flying wings built and flown after the 1912-1914 variants of the Dunne D.8? If not, why? Wikipedia mentions merely that this type was too stable and insufficiently controllable, but ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Would biplanes be of use in VSTOL applications? What is the down side to biplanes? ex. Bush Pilots or VSTOL competitions

I feel like bush pilots and VSTOL competition aircraft could use biplanes to work much better. Granted, range and speed are decreased, but besides overall efficiency, what is the down side to biplanes?...
5
votes
1answer
280 views

Can anyone identify this plane?

Can anyone please help me identify this biplane? The photo was taken in Newcastle, NSW, Australia. I can’t seem to find anything.
5
votes
2answers
195 views

What is the function of cross bracing of interplane strut?

Pic 1 is the top and lower wing of a biplane called Bloop Ultralight,what is the function of the cross bracing between the interplane struts as seen in pic 1(I'm not talking about landing and flying ...
5
votes
0answers
248 views

What kind of antique WWI aircraft model is this? Inventor's prototype?

I've discovered an interesting WWI era model of an aircraft and I am trying to find out what could it be. It is 29" long and it looks like not a hobby model, but an inventor's prototype. I love the ...
4
votes
1answer
477 views

What's this biplane built by a 16-year old?

I was told that this plane was built by a 16-year old in the 90s. Ever since, I've been bent on finding the specifications, name, etc., of this airplane with no success.
4
votes
1answer
653 views

What closed-cockpit biplane is this model modelled after?

What closed-cockpit biplane is this model modelled after?
4
votes
2answers
378 views

What is the make and model of this plane?

I came across this picture taken in the late 1920s. Could you please help identify the make and model of this plane. Thanks.
4
votes
1answer
138 views

Is the “wing area” of a biplane the projected area or the total area?

When you specify the wing area of a biplane, do you specify the planform area (the projected area) or do you specify the effective area of both the wings?
3
votes
2answers
144 views

Would it be a good idea to use dihedral on a biplane?

My engineering class uses model plane kits to build "frankenflyers" which use parts from multiple model planes to make one plane that will carry a maximum load (pennies). I was wondering what the best ...
3
votes
2answers
327 views

Can anyone identify this biplane?

This biplane from the 1930s is from an English airshow. Can anyone identify it?
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Would a 2nd row of distributed props on a 2nd staggered wing of a biplane increase its efficiency?

Would a 2nd row of distributed props on the rearward wing of a biplane with 25% gap and 150% negative stagger increase the efficiency of a biplane ULTRALIGHT, 25MPH, Re 500K? ( rear wing is 25% lower ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Why are no HAPS (High Altitude Platform Station) solar planes of a biplane design?

HAPS are fragile due to weight constaints, e.g. NASA’s Helios. Biplanes are more robust. Although biplanes have high drag, HAPS only need to move slowly because at their operating height the wind ...
2
votes
4answers
466 views

How does the “pendulum effect” affect biplanes?

A high wing airplane will correct itself (lateral stability) when disturbed because its c.g. is below the c.p. (looking at the plane from it's side), according to this forum post and the book below. ...
2
votes
2answers
571 views

Would it be beneficial for the Boeing 777x to have a biplane wing design?

The Boeing 777x has huge wings to generate lift even to the point of having to have a hinge and being able to bend them. Would it not be advantageous to have 2 wings like a biplane or one behind ...
2
votes
2answers
220 views

Compression and tension members of a biplane wing

I get why the upper wing of a biplane is a compression member (because the flying wire is attached to it at an angle) but what I fail to understand is why the lower wing is the tension member of a ...
2
votes
1answer
224 views

Which aircraft is this?

I was curious if someone could help me gather some more info on this aircraft. I have looked it up in the FAA.GOV site and it does not match. Is there a way to find out info on this plane that flew ...
1
vote
2answers
572 views

What is the function of interplane strut of a Biplane?

What kind of load does the interplane strut(s) carry,is it compression, tension or shear? In order words,what's their function and how do you calculate the force that the interplane strut carries?
1
vote
1answer
299 views

What is this biplane from an old photograph?

Copyright photo by Real Photographs No 334
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Would supersonic bi/tri/multiplane wings have less lift interference drag than a subsonic version?

Biplane wings interfere with each other, reducing the total lift often to about only 20% more than a mono wing of the same chord and span. But at supersonic speeds - say, Mach 2, where Mach angle is ...
1
vote
2answers
207 views

Do any Waco aircraft have model names?

Many aircraft manufacturers give names to the aircraft models. Piper had the Cub, Super Cub, and all the Comanche/Cherokee/Navajo/etc. names used in branding. Cessna has the Skyhawk, Skylane, etc. ...
0
votes
2answers
122 views

Does bi-wings create essentially double the uplift as single wings?

This puzzles me a bit, and I cannot find the answer anywhere. Does bi-wings create essentially double the uplift as single wings?
0
votes
0answers
107 views

Why did biplanes and triplanes go away? [duplicate]

Why did multi-wing aircraft (two or three stacked wings) eventually fade off to single-wing aircraft?
0
votes
0answers
109 views