Questions tagged [avionics]

Avionics is applied electronics to aviation. Radars, radios, instruments, dashboards, they all belong to this category.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
7
votes
1answer
540 views

What is this clock-like device?

Whenever I watch cockpit footage of test flights there is always an added device with big clock-like digits centered above the glareshield. They come in different shapes as shown below. What are they ...
6
votes
5answers
3k views

Why are general aviation avionics so expensive?

I am quite sure that someone already asked this question, but I couldn't find it on this site. Why are avionics for general aviation aircraft so expensive? For example: The Garmin® G5 $ 2,149.00 ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

How does the modulation of the transponder work?

The transponder works in PCM (pulse code modulation): how does it work in the transponder? I can find explanation of what PCM is, but not if the signal sent from the transponder antenna is digital or ...
6
votes
5answers
6k views

4 Boeing 707 for $50,000. Is that possible?

I'm helping a friend with an article on some issues in my country, mostly related to corruption. His English isn't very good, so here I go One of the cases he's analyzing is the sale of 4 Boeing-707 ...
6
votes
3answers
445 views

How is device control software checked for quality?

Many, many reports on the now infamous MCAS suggest a software patch is forthcoming in the next several weeks that will address the confounding single point of failure with the two AOA sensors that ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

How do modern avionics work without vacuum pumps or gyroscopes?

I'm going to be taking my checkride soon on a Skycatcher 162. It has an all glass cockpit utilizing the Garmin G300, and its my understanding that it does not utilize gyroscopes or vacuum pumps for ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Why doesn't civil navigation equipment support TACAN?

Now even handheld aviation radios have GPS, VOR and ILS! I wonder why modern LCD screens with radios and navigation doesn't have TACAN? Is it coded, not useful, not certified or not used anymore? I ...
6
votes
3answers
8k views

How many antennae are there on a typical small aircraft, and how are they connected to the avionics?

As far as i know there are a bunch of antennas on board of a small (EASA CS-23) plane: GPS is for GPS navigation in MHz VHFVOR is for NAV and Glideslope/Localizer ADF is for ADF DME is for DME ...
6
votes
4answers
999 views

Is the 737's autopilot part of the FMS or is it a separate entity?

I was watching a tutorial about the FMS and the autopilot in the 737, and I am consfused. I come from a Cessna background, where there is no FMS, there is only the AP (autopilot). So, is the AP a ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

What are the options for installing ADS-B OUT in a Cessna Citation to meet the regulations?

So I have a friend that works for a company that owns a Cessna Citation. His company is looking to comply with the ADS-B regulations. He has been given the task of making a business case for actually ...
6
votes
1answer
6k views

What is the function of a skew sensor in an aircraft?

I was trying to understand Slat and Flap control Unit and came across the term "skew sensor". Can anyone explain it to me?
6
votes
2answers
2k views

G1000: Is it possible to balance the radio volume for pilots and passengers?

I regularly fly a DA42 4-seater equipped with a G1000 system. Sometimes my passengers in the rear seats complain that the radio volume is too loud for them but it is OK for me (intercom is just right ...
6
votes
1answer
800 views

How do instructors simulate instrument failure in basic training aircraft with glass cockpits?

While working towards my private pilot's license in the United States in 2004-2005 (in a steam gauge only airplane), I very much remember my instructor covering one or more instruments to simulate ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Are there general accuracy requirements for aircraft power supplies?

Let's say I have some LRU device that requires some DC voltage to be powered on. Are there any general requirements in aviation/aerospace that say how accurate that supply voltage must be in order to ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What type of computers are in a flight system?

I know there are many types of flight computer systems, with varying names and capabilities. I'm more interested in knowing what the computers, themselves, are made of? They certainly are not "off ...
6
votes
2answers
8k views

What is the encoding difference between ARINC 429 BNR and BCD formats?

I think I have an understanding of the differences between the types of ARINC word formats, but would just like to get some input to see if my understanding is correct. In the ARINC 429 specification, ...
6
votes
1answer
576 views

Why are callouts of changes in the Flight Mode Annunciator not automated?

With many airlines it seems to be standard that the Pilot Monitoring observes the Flight Mode Annunciator (FMA) and calls out any changes in the autopilot mode displayed on the FMA (I guess to raise ...
6
votes
1answer
136 views

Will the G1000 cut off transmission over 35 seconds?

I'm new on G1000 system, it says; If the push-to-talk (PTT) Key becomes stuck, the COM transmitter stops transmitting after 35 seconds of continuous operation. I'm wondering if we keep speaking ...
6
votes
1answer
403 views

How does the F-16 side stick convert pilot input to an electrical signal?

In What is the motivation behind designing a control stick that does not move? the F-16's control stick is discussed. What is the method that is used to sense the pilot's input to the stick and ...
6
votes
1answer
697 views

What triggers the trim horn and the “stabilizer motion” aural callout on the MD80?

I got conflicting or incomplete responses from various sources: There is an internal rate monitor looking to see the stabilizer is actually moving .08°/sec or -08°/sec. https://forums.tfdidesign....
6
votes
1answer
867 views

What sort of control mechanisms (i.e., PID controllers) do modern FBW aircraft use?

It's a well-established fact that aircraft like the Boeing 777, and all Airbus passenger aircraft that were designed after the A300, feature a digital fly-by-wire control system. Considering the ...
6
votes
1answer
574 views

How does EEC/FADEC recognize/anticipate engine acceleration/deceleration?

So I'm wondering, when the engine runs at idle and the pilot sets a higher thrust level, what exactly happens, that the EEC/FADEC recognizes, that I want to accelerate? My professor said, it's ...
5
votes
4answers
5k views

How are pitch angle and pitch rate measured in an airplane?

What equipment or method is used to obtain measurements of the pitch angle (θ) and pitch rate (q) during flight? Edit: I am asking about how the aircraft systems sense these quantities
5
votes
2answers
252 views

Can you turn off the instrument panel lights?

Do general aviation aircraft generally allow the turning off of the instrument panel lights? By lights I am referring to any screens, bulbs or other devices which shine a light within the cockpit.
5
votes
3answers
583 views

Does avionics type matter when training for PPL?

Soon I want to start training for my PPL (VFR) and I'm currently looking at two flight schools in my area. At one of the two their whole training fleet is equipped with G1000 avionics, while the other ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does Boeing 737 use 2 Inertial Reference Systems (IRS) and GPS?

According to this website the Boeing 737 aircraft use 2 IRS and 2 GPS: IRS L & IRS R. Why? Apparently they are totally independent of each other. Could somebody explain a little bit why they need ...
5
votes
2answers
293 views

What sort of sensors are used for sensing the positions of the control surfaces for the ECAM F/CTL page on Airbus aircraft?

During the pre-flight flight-controls-check how does the ECAM F/CTL page report on the actual positions of the control surfaces? What sort of sensors are these? Is it a proximity sensor? This is ...
5
votes
1answer
299 views

Are all EGPWS-equipped aircraft using the same underlying system?

All modern transport-category aircraft and many other aircraft are equipped with enhanced ground proximity warning system (EGPWS). When this EGPWS acronym is used, is it always referring to the same ...
5
votes
1answer
408 views

Sukhoi Superjet 100 avionics

The Sukhoi Superjet 100 features flight control system with characteristics copied from Airbus. Side-sticks, same control laws. But does it actually use any of the hardware or software from Airbus (...
5
votes
2answers
419 views

Credible Sport Project: Is it possible to revive the idea with modern avionics?

Synopsis: On a secret mission to rescue 52 hostages in Iran, Operation Credible Sport was created. The project consisted of a modified Lockheed C-130 Hercules and developed so that it would be able to ...
5
votes
2answers
732 views

On a modern Aircraft like the A320 or B737, is it possible to disable computer interference with the control inputs of the pilots?

One more question due to the recent and unfortunate events in the case of the second ever B737 Max 8 crash. As far as I know, the first of the two crashes was caused by the MCAS System, that ...
5
votes
2answers
684 views

Should an IFR-certified radio's automated nav aid identification feature be considered positive identification?

Should an IFR-certified radio's automated nav aid identification feature be considered positive identification? Should manual identification still be performed? Does anyone know if this is addressed ...
5
votes
2answers
354 views

Where does the Garmin G1000 Nav ID come from?

If you tune in a NAV frequency into your G1000 the ID of the Nav Aid will be shown next to the frequency after some time. In this example SEA: Source: http://...
5
votes
1answer
190 views

Where is the control loop of the actuator closed?

When electro-hydraulic servo-actuators are used for the actuation of control surfaces in aircraft, linear variable differential transformers (LVDTs) are used for position or velocity feedback. There ...
5
votes
1answer
254 views

What is that Boeing 757 custom cockpit interface?

Cropped; flickr.com, 2008 The photo is taken in cruise. The selected display shows takeoff data. There is also a send button (which hints at a datalink capability for communicating values). I ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it possible to isolate COM1 and COM2 on a Garmin G1000?

Is it possible to isolate COM1 to one pilot and COM2 to the other pilot? When I'm getting the ATIS it's hard to listen to both COM channels sometimes depending on the amount of traffic. I used to be ...
5
votes
2answers
10k views

How to decode ARINC 429 data?

I am looking for some help regarding decoding ARINC 429 data. I have a CSV document that contains sequentially stored ARINC 429 labels. My overall goal is to be able to scan for 4 specific labels and ...
5
votes
1answer
229 views

How to trigger warnings on an unplugged aural warning unit?

I got an old 80-0557-11 Rev A manufactured by Grimmes from an EMB-120 Brasilia, and I was wondering how to make it speak. I powered the component with a 28VDC power supply. It only said "Aural unit ...
5
votes
1answer
490 views

Is there any reason to have ADS-B out that is not based on GPS?

The ADS-B system is only as accurate as the location data source it uses. In the US the 2020 ADS-B mandate requires that horizontal location data be from a GPS source with minimum performance ...
5
votes
3answers
613 views

Who checks the instruments and avionics before the crew boards an aircraft?

Before the crew boards the aircraft for a commercial airline flight, is there anyone who checks the instruments and avionics system? I'm sure the engines are checked but what about the avionics ...
5
votes
1answer
401 views

How are the system development and integration procedure separated for Integrated Modular Avionics?

I'm reading this paper about IMA (Integrated Modular Avionics) and I don't get the splitting of the development and integration procedure. In page 4 it says: Airbus has to modify the conventional ...
5
votes
2answers
282 views

Is the Bendix/King KMD-550 airplane icon always oriented to the north?

I have a 2001 Cessna 182T with King avionics. The KMD-550 moving map display correctly shows "track up" but the little airplane icon is always pointed to the north. How can I set this so that it ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Why don't aircraft have DME that can automatically convert the slant range to ground range?

Knowing that $a^2 = b^2 + c^2$ where $a = \text{slant range},\ b= \text{ground range},\ c = \text{height}$. Why can't the DME equipment which calculates the slant range then just convert it to the ...
4
votes
4answers
617 views

Is it possible to hack an airplane while it's moving (in general)?

I recently searching Airbus Careers section, and I can say that I saw too many Cyber Security job positions. It was saying in the job description that there is a need of having knowledge about ...
4
votes
1answer
227 views

How are electronic instruments and other equipment powered in a glider?

Radios and other electronic devices must be battery-powered. What sort of battery - and does its capacity impose a limit on flight duration, or can they be recharged in flight with a turbine?
4
votes
1answer
14k views

What's the difference between FMS and FMC?

What's the difference between FMS (Flight management System), and FMC (Flight management computer)? Can the flight management computer be thought of as what's manipulating the input information from ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does Airbus suppress stall warnings in certain situations?

I was reading about Air France 447 and came across the line: The stall warnings stopped, as all airspeed indications were now considered invalid by the aircraft's computer due to the high angle of ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How is a fly-by-wire system realized in big planes?

For example if whole system is build on CAN protocol that give maximum rate of 9000 messages per second with IMHO is quite low number for big plane. Can you give me any example how this problem was ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Which aircraft manufacturers still include Vertical Situation Displays (VSD) feature in their cockpits?

I'm curious about the aircraft manufacturer names who still interested in including the VSD on lower part of Nav Display (I read about Boeing 737 only). Are there any other guys on this filed still? I ...
4
votes
1answer
879 views

How to leverage Lynx NGT-9000's integrated GPS/WAAS?

I’m inheriting an IFR capable 1964 Cherokee 235 that is not equipped with a GPS. I’m looking at installing a Lynx NGT-9000 to get ADS-B compliant and gain the traffic and weather information. Is ...

1 2
3
4 5
7