Questions tagged [avionics]

Avionics is applied electronics to aviation. Radars, radios, instruments, dashboards, they all belong to this category.

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What kind of motors are used in electric autopilot servos?

In terms of general aviation/experimental autopilot servos for control surfaces, are these motors usually brushless DC or stepper motors? Some examples are: Garmin GSA 28 (brushless DC) Dynon ...
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Is it possible to load (and not activate) the approach procedure on a Garmin 1000 or 430?

I noticed sometimes when I fly with a G1000, or Garmin 430 and am doing multiple practice approaches I can't always load my next approach. It forces allows me to activate the approach, which would ...
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4 Boeing 707 for $50,000. Is that possible?

I'm helping a friend with an article on some issues in my country, mostly related to corruption. His English isn't very good, so here I go One of the cases he's analyzing is the sale of 4 Boeing-707 ...
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What does it mean to “lock on” to a DME ground station?

I was just reading about the working of the DME the other day and then I read a para which said: The aircraft interrogator "locks on" to the DME ground station once it recognizes a particular ...
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How does a TACAN signal change with bearing from the station?

In the TACAN system , how does a change in bearing , would translate to a change in the time (or frequency) domain. I'll try to elaborate: I'm aware , of the TACAN operation in general. let's say ...
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What is this part called in a vertical card compass?

I recently found a Precision Aviation PAI-700 vertical card compass in my shed, but it’s sadly broken! I don’t want to use it in a plane but would like to fix it so it can at least work. It would be a ...
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Could the CVR and FDR record to the cloud?

Another enthusiast question. I watch a lot of the National Geographic Channel's "Air Crash Investigation", for better or worse, and it seems accident investigators make tremendous use of the Cockpit ...
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1answer
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What is the most commonly occurring fault with this type of electrically driven gyro?

I have an examination tomorrow about advanced avionics systems (EASA module 13) and we are required to troubleshoot a fault with the compass system. What is the most commonly occurring fault with a ...
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Which connector and cables are recommended for CAN?

Which mechanical connector(s) and cable(s) is/are recommended to arrange a Controller Area Network (CAN) bus communication or its aerospace counterpart ARINC 826 in the aerospace industry (civil & ...
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1answer
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How does the ADF null positions find where the NDB is?

I understand how it operates for the most part, although I don't understand how the null positioning works. This image below doesn't include the sense antenna that limits it to one null position, ...
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1answer
254 views

Static Analysis as per MISRA C 2012 using DO-178

Does DO-178C have any guidelines on using static code analysis for level A software? As per Do-178C: Section 6.3 Software Reviews and Analyses Reviews and analyses are applied to the outputs ...
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1answer
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Does ARINC 825 (Aviation CAN bus) follow the same protocol as automotive CAN buses?

From what I can gather it is derived from the automotive industry standard CAN (Controller Area Network) bus, but I was wondering if they share the same protocols. If you took an automotive bus reader ...
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Is AMDAR a required system on aircraft?

I was intrigued by the assertion that COVID-19 depressing commercial aviation has lead to lower quality weather forecasting The aircraft observations are a key piece in the jigsaw of national and ...
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1answer
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Does the nearest function on a G1000 allow for listing of anything other than nearest airports?

In non G1000 GPS systems, I have seen several pages for selecting the nearest airport, VOR, NDB, intersections, and waypoint, but in a G1000, I can only seem to get a listing of the nearest airport, ...
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Is there a brightness switch for the AOA gauge on the F-16?

Is there a brightness switch for the AOA gauge on the F-16? Please share a picture with the panel if you can.
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What happens with the avionics if in midair there is loss of power or fuel flow interrupted? [duplicate]

What happens if in midair there is loss of power, how will the avionics perform in such a situation (cockpit display, flight plan)?
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Why don't aircraft have DME that can automatically convert the slant range to ground range?

Knowing that $a^2 = b^2 + c^2$ where $a = \text{slant range},\ b= \text{ground range},\ c = \text{height}$. Why can't the DME equipment which calculates the slant range then just convert it to the ...
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1answer
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What does Phase 3A mean for avionics?

I've learned about Phase 1, Phase 2, and Phase 3 electrical systems. But recently I've faced an issue about replacement of Phase 3 Common Display System (CDS) Display Units (DUs) with new Phase 3A CDS ...
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537 views

Do any aircraft have a “self-contained ILS”?

The ILS is an invaluable aid to pilots, especially those operating to/from the many airports where poor weather is common (low-visibility operations would be completely impossible without an ILS); ...
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How does the modulation of the transponder work?

The transponder works in PCM (pulse code modulation): how does it work in the transponder? I can find explanation of what PCM is, but not if the signal sent from the transponder antenna is digital or ...
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2answers
332 views

What does the Emergency Avionics switch do?

In almost every light aircraft I've ever flown, I recall their being a rocker switch marked "Emergency Avionics". Here's an example: It's never really occurred to me to ask an instructor/owner what ...
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180 views

Where does the Garmin G1000 Nav ID come from?

If you tune in a NAV frequency into your G1000 the ID of the Nav Aid will be shown next to the frequency after some time. In this example SEA: Source: http://...
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95 views

Can I do a dual VOR check on the ground?

I know that the regs are ambiguous on the subject, but does anyone have a good argument as to why or why not you can do a dual VOR check on the ground if the VOR signal is good? For my particular ...
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377 views

Credible Sport Project: Is it possible to revive the idea with modern avionics?

Synopsis: On a secret mission to rescue 52 hostages in Iran, Operation Credible Sport was created. The project consisted of a modified Lockheed C-130 Hercules and developed so that it would be able to ...
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1answer
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Best Practices when removing/inspecting/mounting control surfaces?

I am looking for a better way to essentially "mount" the control surfaces from a Boeing 737-747-777-787 and MD-11's. The current process is to just remove them and strap to a table. The issues with ...
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Can an airline order a 777 with 787 flight deck avionics?

So an airline orders a 777, but instead of the cockpit in that, they request the 787 cockpit installed in their 777, is this even doable?
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Do aircraft manufacturers produce their own black boxes?

Do the manufacturers who build airplanes use their own "black boxes" in the planes, or are there companies whose sole purpose is to develop black boxes? For example, in 2010 in the Airblue Flight 202 ...
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112 views

What's the difference between a Sole Means Navigation System and a Primary Means Navigation System? [closed]

For bonus points, how you define a supplemental means navigation system?
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1answer
167 views

Where is the control loop of the actuator closed?

When electro-hydraulic servo-actuators are used for the actuation of control surfaces in aircraft, linear variable differential transformers (LVDTs) are used for position or velocity feedback. There ...
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1answer
178 views

Does anyone have photos of internal parts of ELAC, FAC, SEC or Boeing 777 flight computers?

I'm an electrical engineer and I'm interested in civil aviation, more specifically in fly-by-wire planes like the Airbus A320, Boeing 777 and others. But I fell in love with the Airbus A320 as it is ...
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What is the communication protocol for the side-stick in the F-16 or F/A-18?

The side-stick in the F-16 or F/A-18 communicates with the flight control computer to transmit the pilot inputs. This transmission uses a protocol. Which protocol?
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569 views

Is it possible to hack an airplane while it's moving (in general)?

I recently searching Airbus Careers section, and I can say that I saw too many Cyber Security job positions. It was saying in the job description that there is a need of having knowledge about ...
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1answer
77 views

How to remove a course reversal (hold) on a Garmin 530W?

How can I remove a course reversal, (hold) from the FLP page on an RNAV approach ? If I want to do a straight in (NoPT) it will not allow me to remove the hold without removing the whole waypoint.
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210 views

Can you turn off the instrument panel lights?

Do general aviation aircraft generally allow the turning off of the instrument panel lights? By lights I am referring to any screens, bulbs or other devices which shine a light within the cockpit.
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Can I change the max bank angle on the Garmin G1000 in the C172SP?

I wonder if I can change the max bank angle on the G1000/GFC700 avionics in a C172SP, like you can on the MCP of the 737NG?
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What hardware standards should the flight control computer pass?

There are some standards for each part of the aircraft like actuators, sensors,... I could not find one for the flight control computer hardware. For example what are the environmental tests, or any ...
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Does DO 178C require a complexity test and compliance to specific values? [duplicate]

Assuming we are developing airborne software to be compliant with DO 178C, and assuming we were allocated a DAL B, does DO 178C require a complexity analysis test and compliance to specific values for ...
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Is it possible to display WAAS enabled GPS Flightlines on older mechanical flight directors such as S-tec?

We are in the research process of a panel upgrade in a M5 Maule. The ac is used for transportation and aerial survey to support ground survey. We frequently fly tight, low alt grids. Lateral and ...
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1answer
80 views

Questions regarding VTOL and VMU inhibits [closed]

I have been working on a game which has futuristic VTOL-capable air and aerospace crafts. A player recently wrote that the stall warning (tone and aural) and AoA (tone and visual) were distracting/...
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1answer
5k views

Does SDAC display data for both the PFD, ND and the ECAM display?

On the Airbus A320 the System Data Acquisition Concentrators (SDAC) aquire system data, process it and sends system page data to the three Display Management Computers (DMC). The DMC process the data ...
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1answer
259 views

What controllers are used in Airbus/Boeing fly-by-wire systems?

I was wondering, what controllers are used in airbus or Boeing aircraft fly-by-wire systems to control servos? Who manufactures such controllers, or are the systems controlled from flight computer ...
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2answers
2k views

Why does Airbus suppress stall warnings in certain situations?

I was reading about Air France 447 and came across the line: The stall warnings stopped, as all airspeed indications were now considered invalid by the aircraft's computer due to the high angle of ...
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If you were to fly an ILS in a knife edge would you receve GS and LOC be flipped?

because LOC and GS work the same way, if you were to fly one at 90 degrees bank would your information be displayed on the wrong indicators?
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What do the dashed extended green lines on this PFD mean?

The most important source of information for the pilot is the PFD
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558 views

Why is an auditory alarm necessary when the autopilot disengages?

The FAA gives one requirement for the autopilot in the following FAR... FAR §25.1329 Flight guidance system. (j) Following disengagement of the autopilot, a warning (visual and auditory) ...
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4k views

Airbus control architecture - where does the actual autopilot live?

I'd like to ask for confirmation about the A320 (and, generally, Airbus family) control architecture. The book Aircraft Systems provides the following overview of A3XX computing architectures: ...
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Where is pure outside static air pressure indication on A320?

I'm looking for the indication of the outside static air pressure in the cockpit. Where is it located? One of the ECAM pages? Thanks!
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Where to find general A320 E&E Compartment Information?

I'm student in electrical engineering and write my thesis on some topic of the e&e compartment. The main focus is on the computers of the A320 flightcraft, actually called E&E Compartment. ...
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1answer
279 views

Is MIL-STD-1553 still used in modern aircraft?

I am working on an assignment for my "Avionics Systems Design" class and I want to use MIL-STD-1553 for my aircraft system. But according to some shady blogs this STD has been deprecated or superseded ...
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What is the difference between ACARS and ADS-B?

What is the difference between ACARS and ADS-B? For weather information in-flight or pre-flight which one is used?

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