Questions tagged [aviation-history]

Questions about aviation history, starting from kites, balloons, airplanes, helicopters and rockets.

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1answer
368 views

Was the F4F-1 Wildcat ever built?

The original design for the F4F Wildcat was as a biplane, but with the -2 model, it was redesigned as a monoplane. I am wondering if the -1 model was ever actually built, or did it remain as a ...
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2answers
215 views

What was the first control room--used for flight test--established in aerospace history?

The control room for space missions in Houston is probably the best, most widely known example of a control room. It is an operations center used in support and execution of flight and space missions....
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1answer
139 views

More information on PanAm's first trans-Pacific flight

I have came across this answer, about PanAm's first trans-Pacific flight (SFO-MNL route via HNL, MDY, AWK and GUM). For the text, I'm working on, I was wondering, if there is any source that can ...
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1answer
525 views

Where can I find information about Boeing delivery history? [closed]

Where can I find the records of which airplane model and creation number was delivered to which airline in which year for Boeing (Like B737-300 number 32 was delivered to Lufthansa in 1980)?
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0answers
60 views

How did lateral and longitudinal separation minima evolve?

What is the evolution in time of lateral and longitudinal separation minima?
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1answer
223 views

What happens when an airplane is retired? [duplicate]

With launch of new models every few years, what happens to the older airplanes which was in service for more than decades? Where does it get stored. Who buys old airplanes? Does manufacturers buys ...
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0answers
93 views

Why did Curtiss put his Model F's ailerons on the interplane struts?

Glenn Curtiss's 1912-1918 Model F biplane flying boat has large ailerons on the struts between the wings, not contiguous with any other flying surface. Did this aileron position have any advantage? ...
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0answers
55 views

What is the best reliable weight/power ration achieved by a pre-1911 plane?

From the article "DAYTON BOYS EMULATE GREAT SANTOS-DUMONT" that appeared on December 18, 1903, it can be calculated that the apparatus, which took off one day before, flew 700 lb / 16 hp = ...
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0answers
101 views

How was the navigation managed on jetliners before having programmable routes?

This in-flight photo provides a look into the pre-FMS era (also pre-INS), i.e., not having a programmable route. How was the navigation managed back then? (Question limited to 2-crew jetliners, or ...
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2answers
6k views

Should “mayday” be preferred over “SOS” in an emergency?

I was asked about the difference today. The only difference I know is that mayday doesn't appear in the exams ( like the SOS parts of the book, you get the joke? :) ). I also found the difference in ...
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4answers
534 views

Did the Wright brothers discover the three-axis control system for airplanes/gliders and the adverse yaw?

1) Various sites like this one: Orville and Wilbur Wright, The Inventors of the 3-axis Flight Control System, 9 Months before their powered flight at Kitty Hawk say that the two brothers invented the ...
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2answers
463 views

What was the takeoff run distance of a Fw 200 Condor bomber/transport?

The Fw 200 Condor was a large plane of Germany during WW2. It was used in recon and bomber roles against convoys. Wikipedia lists several specs including max takeoff weight of 24.5 tons and 4 engines ...
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2answers
257 views

Why did the Wright brothers take steps to increase the amount of vertical surface area forward of the CG on some of their aircraft?

Why did the Wright brothers take steps to increase the amount of vertical surface area in front of the CG on some of their aircraft? Could this have actually improved the flight characteristics in ...
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2answers
451 views

Did Boeing or Lockheed ever seriously consider releasing a widebody airliner powered by low-bypass engines?

During the 1960s race to build the first widebody jetliner, each of the three major engine manufacturers was racing to put out a high-bypass engine for one of those jumbo jets: Boeing went with Pratt ...
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2answers
390 views

What was the first production jet engine to use a semiconductor based control system?

What was the first operational jet engine to use a control system containing semiconductors? This would include analog systems as well as digital ones. I am assuming that analog ones came first. This ...
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1answer
187 views

How low was the Hong Kong Kai Tak landing approach over the city?

Hong Kong's Kai Tak approach was famous for its unique approach, including the "checkerboard" and its low altitude when passing over Kownloon. The latter has been memorialized in innumerable photos ...
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4answers
235 views

Why are early wing planforms mostly rectangular?

I am looking at the history of wing planforms, and I am having trouble finding reasons for why the wright flier and other early aircraft were built with rectangular wings. I thought it was due to ...
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2answers
232 views

Did the Doolittle raid run their engines over square?

My flight instructor made a comment when talking about complex airplanes that "never over-square an engine" is a good rule of thumb but secondary to POH instructions. The POH, (I presume) is the best-...
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1answer
194 views

What is (or was) the “international frequency”?

I have recently read a book about Douglas BADER. This pilot has lost his legs (because of accident in 1931) but after (thanks to his single-mindedness) he takes up the "broomstick" again and became a ...
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1answer
579 views

Why Clyde P. / Boeing B-52H Stratofortress flight from 1962 took the longer route?

Third on list of longest non-stop, non-commercial powered aircraft's flights is January 10–11, 1962 flight on Boeing B-52H Stratofortress made by major Clyde P. Evely and crew. Can anyone provide any ...
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1answer
290 views

Has any accident been caused by poor time management, despite a perfectly done checklist?

This is a question I've heard from an aviation psychologist. I've searched on that but couldn't find a satisfying example. The full question is: Has there been any accident which was caused by poor ...
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2answers
204 views

What justifies a biplane over a braced monoplane?

Biplanes became the first airplanes to enter service due to their structurally efficient design being more suitable for the weak materials then. This efficiency comes from the two wings acting as the ...
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1answer
184 views

Was the Coanda effect known in 1868 to Matthew Piers Watt Boulton (the one who described the first ailerons)?

Matthew Piers Watt Boulton is known as the inventor whose 1868 British patent No. 392 nullified any claim of the Wright brothers that they discovered the ailerons (see FIG. 5-7). It seems now that ...
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1answer
158 views

Who made the first high-wing jet airliner?

I thought the only high-wing jet airliners were made by the Soviets but the British Aerospace RJ-100 and Dash 6 series twizzled my mind. So who made the first high-wing jet airliner?
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1answer
113 views

Where can I find information about post-WW2 airports in Saudi Arabia? [closed]

Where can I find historical information about airports in Saudi Arabia since 1945? I am in the middle of a research project about airports in KSA (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) since 1945, especially the ...
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0answers
52 views

Did the Wright brothers patent their Wing Warping method in Germany?

I know that the Wright brothers patented their Wing Warping method for controlling the roll of a plane or glider in Great Britain, France, United States, Austria, Italy,... but did they obtain a ...
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0answers
104 views

What airplane model was this historic propeller attached to?

I have a 9-foot historic wooden biplane propeller with brass edges. It does have a serial number, but it is tough to read. 2250 DN 152 6' 6" is what it appears to say. I am attaching a photo of it. ...
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0answers
123 views

Why do most helicopter pilots sit on the right? [duplicate]

A follow up on this question, one answer mentioned that Please note that on many helicopters, captains sit on the right side. Why is that?
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2answers
279 views

Before COVID, what was the largest aviation crisis ever? [closed]

The Covid-19 pandemic is the worst crisis aviation has ever faced. Which one was the biggest one before that pandemic?
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1answer
127 views

Aviation history. My dad PM of F-14 [closed]

My father was Prog mgr of F14. Where can I sell or donate his memorabilia or where is site to help?
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3answers
758 views

What were the U.S. Air Force's first 2-crew fighter planes?

The Navy has had 2-crew planes since at least as early as 1944 with the Grumman F7F Tigercat but when did the U.S. Air Force adopt 2-seaters. Does the Navy prefer 2 crew and the Air Force prefers 1? ...
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1answer
209 views

Where can I find complete aircraft blueprints for the purpose of study?

Where can I find aircraft blueprints for the purpose of study? I find that I learn a lot more when I am able to get the big picture of a machine that is used in real life (for example, to understand ...
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2answers
198 views

How can I find a deregistered airplane?

I'm trying to find a 1959 C172 tail number N7393T. It was my grandfather's and the last registered record of it was near Glendale AZ. It was deregistered in 2015 and I found out that since it cannot ...
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1answer
606 views

How did the term 'Buttered the bread' originate?

I've heard this term used a few times to describe an exceptionally smooth landing
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1answer
29 views

Need help identifying civilian small aircraft from old turkish movie

I need help identifying a plane from an older 1977 turkish comedy movie for a personal project, these are the best (and only) shots it can be seen. flyby front angle close up cockpit outside
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49 views

Identification of control column spade

I have a control column head similar to that used on the Spitfire and Hurricane but with two levers for cables coming up from the stick. I would like to find out what aircraft used this type. Markings ...
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0answers
96 views

The cost of these aircrafts in modern US dollar?

Could you tell me where I can find the development cost and market price of a Fairey Rotodyne, Convair CV-240, Martin 4-0-4, Ka-22 in current US dollar?
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0answers
143 views

What's the highest altitude ever achieved by a (rocket-?)plane for level flight?

As probably most of us know, the SR-71 Blackbird holds the altitude record for leveled flight for (manned) jet planes (and ground-launched planes) at 90,000 ft MSL. However, the very altitude record ...
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0answers
94 views

What is the first recorded instance of simulating weightlessness in an airplane?

I wonder what the first instance ever has been of a controlled creation of weightlessness onboard an aircraft, like during a parabola or flying nose-down ~90 degrees. Do we have a record of the first ...
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61 views

To which side did the first Cierva autogyros fall?

The first Cierva autogyros, before the introduction of the flapping articulation, fell to the right when the take-off was attempted, according to witnesses. That had an explanation, as the rotor ...
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303 views

Why were there so few general-aviation aircraft in South Korea in the late 1990s?

While reading the AAIB report on the crash of KAL 8509, I came across (in section 1.17.11, “Korean aviation statistics”) this surprising information regarding the South Korean aircraft population in ...
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72 views

I want to find out more about Raab Schwalbe Reg SX-AAG

According to the records on the web, Raab Schwalbe 11 reg SX-AAG was built in Greece in 1935 and sold abroad in 1937. I know that it was destroyed in a crash on landing in Palestine but I am not ...
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120 views

Why did biplanes and triplanes go away? [duplicate]

Why did multi-wing aircraft (two or three stacked wings) eventually fade off to single-wing aircraft?
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1answer
415 views

History and results of the GE90 B747 Test [closed]

In this article, I read about the B747 testbed for the B777 GE90 engine. Where can I find more information on that airplane?
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46 views

is there any information on the B-8 side stick? when was it made? [closed]

is there any info on the B-8 side stick? its history? in which airplanes was it used? I've been looking around the internet for information and can't seem to find any unfortunately
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1answer
1k views

What is the aircraft type in the movie 'Once Upon a Time in Hollywood'

The new movie Once Upon a Time... In Hollywood has a few scenes in a Pan American Airways aircraft. The movie is set in the late 60s, looking at their fleet from that time, it looks like it was either ...
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1answer
75 views

When was the first manned rocket-propelled plane launched? [closed]

I believe that it's an issue of some interest in the history of aviation.

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