Questions tagged [attitude]

Attitude is the orientation of an aircraft during flight. Normal attitude of an aircraft is wings-level, neutral pitch, and nose pointed in the direction of flight.

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5
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2answers
119 views

Do mechanical attitude indicators have rotation limits?

Do mechanical attitude indicators have limits to the rotations they can display? Wondering since gyros suffer from gimbal lock when two axes become aligned (e.g., at 90 deg pitch, if you were doing ...
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1answer
126 views

Is it possible for an indirect (Russian) attitude indicator to work in 3D without tumbling?

For a reference of direct and indirect attitude indicator, see How is a confusion possible between Western and Russian Attitude Indicators?, and https://www.skybrary.aero/index.php/...
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Normal tendency of helicopter with counter clockwise rotating main rotors (top view) with force trim off and leaving controls?

Is it normal for the helicopter with CCW rotating main rotors to pitch down and roll left in forward flight, when force trim is turned off and hands off the cyclic? Moreover, when we put the ...
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6answers
26k views

How can pilots fly inside a cloud?

I heard that sometime an aircraft fly inside a cloud, and I'm wondering how that works - how clearly can the pilot see while inside the cloud? What if a cloud is "too large"? (Is there a maximum size ...
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6answers
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Why does the B-52 take off without rotating?

In the answer to this question it is noted that the B-52 takes off without rotating and climbs out in a nose-down attitude. Why was it designed this way?
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7answers
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How is a confusion possible between Western and Russian Attitude Indicators?

Yesterday I watched a documentary on Crossair Flight 498 accident. One of the factors that might have contributed to the accident was the confusion of the pilot on interpreting the attitude indicator; ...
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4answers
4k views

What's the meaning of “straight and level”?

Indeed a very strange question. My understanding of straight and level is: The aircraft is flying at a constant heading and constant altitude, and maybe at a constant speed, and this has nothing to ...
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1answer
172 views

what are the Common roll angle and roll rate limits for civil flights?

I'm currently doing simulations for eVTOL type of vehicles and for the purpose of controlling the attitude, I'd like to know the common limits for roll and roll rates (more important) that are in ...
7
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1answer
673 views

Why was pitch angle protection not active in the CRJ 200 during the crash of Sweden Air 294?

I have read about the CRJ 200 Sweden Air 294 crash. I understood that the main cause of the accident was faulty IRU and wrong declutter PFD design. The human error also lead the aircraft into a ...
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1answer
103 views

Why do most commercial solid-state Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs) measure angular rate and not angular acceleration?

The vast majority of MEMS-based IMUs are formed by an accelerometer and a gyroscope, providing linear acceleration and angular rate measurements respectively. However, having available the angular ...
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3answers
131 views

Does it make sense to say an aircraft has an attitude of 3° or that it has a flight position of 3°?

I am trying to translate an aircraft manual, and there is a diagram showing what the HUD would look like given a "posición de vuelo de 3°". The diagram is captioned in Spanish as "vuelo horizontal a ...
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2answers
5k views

Why are the colors of the MiG-15's attitude indicator inverted?

Why are the colors of the MiG-15's attitude indicator inverted (blue on the ground side, brown on the sky side)? Source: http://www.warbirdalley.com/mig17.htm
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4answers
681 views

What is the difference between turn rate and yaw rate in aircraft?

Attitude heading computers generate both a turn rate and a yaw rate. How are these different from each other? Is Euler yaw rate the same as turn rate?
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1answer
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What is the exact meaning of “attitude”, does it include translational movement?

Reading documentation it is clear to me that "attitude" means the study of orientation of a body. However sometimes it seems to be used loosely for the motion tracking of a body (both translational ...
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3answers
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Is there a name for change in attitude with respect to time?

I'm in the process of writing a flight-dynamics software program, but I'm not sure what to call the derivatives of the aircraft attitude. If it was in one dimension, they would be the "angular ...
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0answers
78 views

“Snowglobe”-type attitude indicator [duplicate]

I'm an aviation enthusiast (I do not, nor have I ever worked in the industry), and after researching several various emergencies (reading text documents, reviewing CVR transcripts and watching ...
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1answer
12k views

What is the relation between roll angle and pitch angle?

I was wondering about roll angle and pitch angle values. Will I get same pitch angle at different roll angles and vice-versa? For example. At its initial position, the aircraft is standing on the ...
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3answers
544 views

How Helicopters Change Attitude (Gyroscopic Precession or Thrust Vector Tilt)

I am trying to determine how helicopters pitch and roll (i.e. change attitude). I have heard two explanations. 1) Pitch/roll change is achieved by tilting the tip path plane and therefor tilting the ...
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4answers
6k views

Is it normal for gliders not to have attitude indicators?

This answer shows a picture of and describes a "modern" glider instrument panel, with two variometers, airspeed indicator, altimeter, compass, temperature gauge and radio controls. Notably (at least ...
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5answers
1k views

Would mechanical indicators have helped in the Air France 447 incident?

NB I am not an aviation professional. I saw a documentary about the terrible Air France 447 disaster the other day. I was struck, as were the experts in it, including David Learmount, who's known as ...
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4answers
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What is the immediate cause of liftoff?

If I understand correctly, when a plane transitions from takeoff roll to being airborne, it is not something that happens "by itself" when the airspeed is high enough, but is caused by deliberate ...
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1answer
477 views

What principle does the attitude indicator in the G1000 use?

The heading indicator in the G1000 uses a magnetometor, but how can the attitude indicator work in the G1000? Does it work with a tilt sensor, rate sensor or accelerometer?
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0answers
53 views

How does a standby ADI remain accurate when flying over the curved earth? [duplicate]

How does a standby attitude directional indicator remain accurate when flying for many hours over the curve of the earth? While maintaining level flight, wouldn’t the pilot see an apparent movement of ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the direction convention for Roll angle?

This page from Wikipedia says: A positive rolling motion lifts the left wing and lowers the right wing. Which means that if an aircraft has a roll of +20 degrees, it would bank towards the right. ...
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1answer
3k views

What are Altitude, Attitude and Heading Hold?

Can someone give a good and simple explanation about these three dynamics? Altitude Hold Attitude Hold Heading Hold
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1answer
877 views

How does the attitude and heading reference (AHRS) work on Boeing 737 aircraft?

I would like to know how the AHRS work on Boeing 737 aircraft. If this aircraft (like every the other ones I guess) has an Inertial Reference System (IRS), composed of 3 accelerometers and 3 ...
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3answers
11k views

How are attitude indicators kept accurate?

The attitude indicator is very important for any sort of instrument flying, so it must be accurate at all times regardless of the plane's movements. I presume that the indicator would be connnected ...
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4answers
2k views

Can a small GA plane maintain level flight with a significant nose-down attitude?

Consider a small, one- or two-seater motor GA aircraft, something like a Cessna 152 or similar, designed for level flight at roughly neutral pitch. It's certainly possible to fly such an aircraft in ...
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2answers
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What is the difference between IMU (Inertial Measurement Unit) and AHRS (Attitude and Heading Reference System)?

According to online sources like wikipedia the difference belies on the addition of an on-board processing system (I assume it means a microcontroller) which outputs already processed data and not ...
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1answer
325 views

How can I estimate Roll from Position?

I have flight test data where the IMU is junk. The roll and yaw are obviously wrong, while the pitch seems to be correct. [I know the yaw is wrong because it doesn't match the changes in headings, and ...
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1answer
5k views

Can we replace an attitude indicator with a ball half full of liquid?

Attitude indicators (artificial horizons) use a gyro to display pitch and bank. I was wondering if it would work to use a ball half full of liquid to replace the artificial horizon (using the water ...
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3answers
902 views

What is the best word for lateral translational movement in a rotorcraft?

I'm talking about movement left and right without changing attitude. This is a motion that can be done with a quadcopter and to a limited extent a helicopter (I presume). On a helicopter a left/...
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3answers
2k views

Is it possible to tilt a propeller for attitude control, similarly to jet thrust vectoring?

Are there examples of propellers tilted in a controlled way to help in attitude control for pitch and yaw, adding a torque component? Tilted propeller assumption This would be similar to thrust ...
5
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1answer
716 views

Does the nose-up attitude of a jet make it more difficult to land than a turboprop?

Due to the more acute nose down attitude of a turboprop on approach, does this make it less difficult to control compared to the relatively high nose up attitude of a jet?
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1answer
3k views

What are the advantages and disadvantages of level flight with a nose-down attitude? [duplicate]

This is a questions about fixed-wing aircraft in general -- commercial planes and smaller. I have seen on a video that planes are capable of flying in a holding pattern with an nose-down attitude "for ...
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3answers
1k views

Where can I download flight data containing pitch, roll and yaw angles?

I'm researching the amount of solar energy available to photovoltaic cells placed at various locations on an aircraft's body. To calculate the angle of incidence of the sunlight on different parts of ...
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6answers
15k views

Why do airliners pitch up during cruise?

In my experience as a passenger, when the plane stands at the airport and you enter it, the aisle is pretty much horizontal. (Obviously, I've never flown on a DC-3). After takeoff we pitch sharply ...