Questions tagged [altimeter]

The instrument which indicates the aircraft's altitude, usually based on atmospheric pressure, but sometimes on radar or GPS data instead.

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Relation between altimeter setting (QNH) formula and the barometric formula

I'm searching for a reliable source for a formulization of the QNH adjustment to the barometric altitude. I found this document from weather.gov that gives a formula for the Altimeter Setting, which ...
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Altimeter setting and pressure altitude

Student pilot here. I thought I was smarter than this, I’m struggling with this concept. I got the ASA test prep book and there’s a question asking what happens to the indicated altitude when the ...
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How is altitude reached by aircraft flying above the stratosphere measured?

Aircraft flying above the stratosphere (above 30km) are rare, but there is still the X-15 and the spaceship two. For those aircraft, maximal altitude is measured to within 500 ft. As described in this ...
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Why did the altimeter in an F-16 jump suddenly as it passed through Mach 1?

In this video, Destin — the creator of YouTube channel Smarter Every Day — rides in an F-16 with a USAF Thunderbirds pilot. If you start watching the video at the 11:06 mark, you will see what happens ...
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IFR requirement for altimeter question (i.e. +/- 75 feet) [closed]

What if the ATIS/AWOS/ASOS results in a very low or very high altimeter setting (i.e. barometric pressure)? Surely this setting will result in an altimeter setting way outside the envelope of the +/- ...
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How is Altitude/QNH defined state when passing transition altitude?

Let's say an airplane is climbing towards transition altitude (TA = 5000 ft), and it has it's altimeter set to QNH = 1030 hPa. ...
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What is mean of “operating parameters”?

What is the meaning of "operating parameters" in the following sentence: Interpret and articulate through critical analysis the operation of the aircraft Radio Altimeter system and the function of ...
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What is the main reason why cruise flight in the transition layer is prohibited?

What is the main reason why cruise flight in the transition layer is prohibited? For example if we have a separation of 1000 ft between transition altitude and transition level, why should we not ...
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Who is responsible to check for radar-altimeter disagreement?

I have searched the site but failed to find a similar question. I know that modern civil aircraft are equipped with multiple radar altimeters. Question is: In the unlikely event of those outputting ...
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What does the altimeter indicate if it's at a certain elevation

The purpose of the altimeter is to show the pilot the altitude and the pressure above a fixed level. It uses barometric pressure and is 29.92Hg in ISA conditions. What I dont understand is, how can ...
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Why does the QNH of an aircraft change or need to be changed?

This is mainly a 3 part question. First, is it the QNH of of the aircraft? of the aerodrome? of the region or area? Or am I understanding it wrong my looking at it like that? If the QNH is set ...
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Why is ISA Standard pressure 1013.2 not used for contour charts instead of QFF?

I am confused because QFF being actual mean sea level pressure is subject to change why would we use it for mapping terrain? Does this mean the height of a given terrain changes with the change in QFF?...
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What would the altimeter indication be through a cold front?

Cold air is heavier than hot air because of its greater density, so the QNH of an airport inside a cold front would be higher. Flying towards the cold front would be, "low to high, hello sky". But I ...
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Altimeter shows 100 foot drop when power is added. Is this a leak in the static system or broken altimeter and how long will the fix take?

My instructor and I were preparing for my Private Pilot Check ride today when we noticed that the analog altimeter would suddenly lose 100 feet when we added power. The only way I can think to ...
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How do altimeters cope with varying lapse rate?

How do barometric altimeters measure altitude above atmosphere datum if the laps rate of the pressure is not uniform, not constant? Imagine these lines representing pressure lapse rate: ...
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Why are/were three-pointer altimeters so prone to being misread?

The three-pointer dial altimeter (with a shortest pointer indicating tens of kilofeet, a short pointer indicating kilofeet, and a long pointer indicating hectofeet), the most instantly-recognisable ...
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Vintage army Kollsman altimeter - any info?

I have a vintage Kollsman altimeter A.C. U.S. Army. I can't read the text on the front because of the needle arms are in the way, but might state: Type 5 Serial No A 464. Back plate is very hard to ...
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How do barometric altimetry systems compensate for nonstandard pressure lapse rates?

Barometric altimetry relies on atmospheric pressure dropping at a steady rate with altitude, starting from a measured ground-level pressure. This, in turn, relies on atmospheric density dropping at a ...
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How does the mounting surface flatness affect radio altimeter reading?

It is recommended that the antennas be installed on flat surfaces. For some UAVs, the bottom of the fuselage is very narrow and sharply curved away from the antennas. How does it affect the ...
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Why, and how, are barometric altimeters accurate enough for approach and landing?

The barometric altimeter is used as the primary altitude indicator during approach and landing right up until the aircraft crosses the threshold (after which the radar altimeter takes over and makes ...
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What’s the setting range altimeters can handle?

What’s the setting range altimeters can handle? Is there a standard requiring a certain range for aircraft to be certified? Are there many occasions where a QNH is so high or low that airplanes have ...
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Is true altitude vertical separation between airplanes dependent on temperature?

Does the "true" altitude vertical separation between airplanes (using the same altimeter setting) vary as the temperature changes? ( I fully realize that the "true" altitude of both airplanes is ...
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Barometric altimeter data during high vertical g-forces?

I’m contemplating that that under high vertical acceleration (such as the maximum limit of 2.5g for commercial airplanes), that hydrostatic atmospheric pressure wouldn’t be a complete model. Wikipedia ...
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When flying into an area with colder air, how will the altimeter read compared to true altitude? [duplicate]

When flying into an area with colder air, how will the altimeter read compared to true altitude? Air expands as the temperature increases and it compresses when the temperature decreases, shall I ...
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Can RVSM safely be further reduced?

Since the world population shows no signs of slowing down its rapid increase, it's pretty safe to say that means we can only expect more concurrent flights as time moves forward. Is it physically ...
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Why would a Mode-C transponder report a different altitude than an altimeter/GPS?

This is related to a small single-engined plane. On a recent flight, the controller kept telling me that I was 300 ft higher than it appeared on my altimeter and GPS (which were in sync). This was ...
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How altitude changes with changed QNH?

How the AGL altitude changes with changed QNH? I'd like only to confirm or correct my intuition.. Airplane is maintaining certain FL with some QNH, its instruments are showing some AMSL. Now the ...
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From which aircraft does this vintage altimeter come from?

I bought this vintage U.S. Navy Kollsman altimeter at a market in Bangkok, Thailand. Unfortunately, I don't have any info other than what you see in the photos. It's a Kollsman altimter and the ...
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What is the standard temperature used in this true altitude equation?

The control tower of a certain airport with true altitude of 2000ft informs the pilot that QNH is 900hPa and the temperature at the airport is -10 degrees Celsius. The airplane is at FL300 (vertically ...
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How to get the true altitude in non-standard temperature using a regular barometric altimeter? [duplicate]

I wondering how can we get the true altitude with non standard temperature on regular barometer altimeter, as we know that if we set Kollsman window to the current local setting the altimeter SHOULD ...
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Why is Landing Altitude displayed in amber on B777?

When I set the landing altitude manually, an amber LDG ALT and Landing Altitude EICAS message is displayed. There are no failures nor has the landing altitude been set incorrectly. Why do I still ...
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Are altimeters calibrated to ISA geopotential altitude or ISA geometric altitude?

Altimeters convert a pressure measurement to an indication of altitude. When set to standard pressure setting (1013.25 hPa / 29.92"Hg), they assume the atmosphere is according to the ICAO Standard ...
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What is the altitude of the nose vs tail in airplane flight?

Suppose you have an airplane flying level on a long flight. Now suppose you place one altimeter sensor in the tail, and one in the nose. Suppose you record and store these values independently (...
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How do radio altimeter systems compensate for objects on the ground?

My understanding of a radio altimeter is that it can provide more accurate altitude readings below the transition level. It occurred to me a number of days ago whilst sitting beneath the glide path ...
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Is it possible to get the QNH value in Austria using a web service?

I got a altimeter sensor which can be connected to a computer and can be adjusted by the QNH! I need the QNH for Austria, I figured out that the current QNH of the airports are streamed via radio. ...
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Who has the responsibility to make altimeter corrections in cold temperatures?

I work as air traffic controller in Asia and we refer to both ICAO and FAA regulations. As winter is coming, there is a debate on altitude correction (or altimeter correction?) for cold temperatures. ...
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Did the Stuka Ju-87 really have a radio altimeter? If so, when?

This is what Wikipedia says near the end of its radio altimeter article: The radio altimeter first showed up in the German Junkers Ju-87 "Stuka" dive bomber which was equipped with one for ...
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How are altimeter settings estimated?

So, I spotted another weird METAR from the same place that spawned the first one I asked about (it's a USAF base if you're wondering what kind of 'drome it is): K... 060846Z 00000KT 10SM OVC002 18/...
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How will the altimeter read in air colder than ISA?

When flying in air which is colder than ISA (International Standard Altitude), how will the altimeter read compared to true altitude? My manual says the altimeter will over read - why?
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How does changing the altimeter setting in the US and elsewhere compare?

I have been trying to track down an answer to this question and I stumbled upon this website. Apologies if this answer is already out there. I have seen the FAR regulation, 14 CFR 91.121 - Altimeter ...
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Why is a TFR issued when barometric pressure exceeds 31.00 InHg?

Why does a barometric pressure above 31.00 InHg trigger a TFR?
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How often is QFE set on an altimeter during flight?

In countries that use QFE rather than QNH (such as China), how often will a pilot set the QFE setting on their altimeter during flight? Is it only when they intend to land at an airfield, or does it ...
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What are “ground-based navigation systems which provide vertical guidance” and how do they compare to altimeters?

I am a total layman when it comes to aviation but for a school presentation I am trying to understand the reasons why Air Canada 624 crashed while trying to land on runway 05 at Halifax (CYHZ). I have ...
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What do the pointers on a Kollsman altimeter indicate?

In this thread: What type of altimeter is this? there are 3 images of altimeters that have a pointer that moves around the outside diameter of the scale markings and they have another pointer that ...
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What is wrong about this interpretation of QFE and QNH?

I'm a little confused about the QFE and QNH definitions, and its application on aviation. I learnt that: $QFE$ = pressure measured by an altimeter which is adjusted to ground level (it gives a height ...
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Is it OK practice to use one altimeter on QFE and one on QNH (local flight, dual altimeters)?

PPL student, wondering on how this practice is viewed. The aircraft I'm learning to fly in has a small Dynon EFIS which displays horizon, airspeed, heading & altitude. It also has a regular ...
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When calculating takeoff performance why include airport elevation in pressure altitude?

When calculating the pressure altitude for aircraft performance I learned to calculate it the following way: Pressure Altitude = (29.92" - altimeter setting) * 1000' + elevation So at an airport at ...
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What is the maximum altitude of barometric altimeters?

An altimeter works by sensing static air pressure. As altitude goes up, the pressure decreases. If I take a barometric altimeter up to space (e.g. up to satellite orbit), at what altitude does its ...
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Where does the altimeter measure from?

During the landing flare, the cockpit can sometimes be twenty/thirty feet or more above the rear landing gear, especially with larger aircraft. (source: valkaviation.com) In some aircraft, you can ...