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Questions tagged [airport-design]

Questions about the planning and design of airports: both the manoeuvring area itself, and the services and passenger facilities.

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21
votes
2answers
3k views

How do passengers board the planes on this airport?

I found a quite "rare" layout on Munich airport. It has jetbridges but I don't see any terminal. Look: How do passengers make it to this point of the airport? By underground?
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Is a Compass Swing Platform part of a runway or taxiway?

I am trying to work out if the compass swing platform is part of the runway or taxiway.
1
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4answers
572 views

Why don't airports have weigh stations to prevent overweight takeoffs?

Currently, ensuring that an airplane isn't overweight when it takes off relies on the cargo handlers loading the aircraft properly and accurately documenting (on the weight-and-balance sheet) what ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

Chicago O’Hare - Two Towers? [duplicate]

Why does ORD have two towers? I flew in there for a connecting flight this last weekend and saw two towers standing, one obviously larger than the other.
23
votes
1answer
6k views

Is it possible to drive into Gibraltar Airport's runway?

The runway of Gibraltar Airport crosses an active 4 lane highway Example Video. My question is are there any security measures which prevent normal traffic from entering the airport through the ...
0
votes
3answers
328 views

What is the area between the taxiway and runway shown in the picture below?

Is this the Arresting area? I'm not too sure what you call this area
37
votes
1answer
5k views

Why can't some airports handle heavy aircraft while others do it easily (same runway length)?

As I've seen in this video, they operate flights from Bournemouth airport all the way to Barbados on a Boeing 787-8. As Bournemouth runway length is 2,271 m (7,451 ft), it can handle aircraft such as ...
-4
votes
3answers
532 views

Would building an airport at 30,000 ft save money?

So... this would obviously cost a ton of money initially, but long-term, I believe the savings both environmentally and financially would be returned many times over. If a building can already be ...
58
votes
1answer
8k views

Why are Gatwick's runways too close together?

Gatwick Airport has two runways (08L/26R and 08R/26L), but they are only 200 metres apart - too close (by just ten metres) to allow simultaneous operations on both runways. As a result, usually only ...
0
votes
4answers
334 views

Why don't short runways use (downhill) ramps for takeoff?

This is a followup on question: Why don't short runways use ramps for takeoff? There are multiple answers to that question that answer why an uphill ramp at the end of the runway does not make ...
11
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2answers
4k views

Why does Beijing's new Daxing airport have so few gates?

There is a lot of press about the Daxing airport, touting that it will be one of the largest in the world in terms of passenger capacity. The images of the terminal build are indeed beautiful. But ...
37
votes
9answers
16k views

Why don't short runways use ramps for takeoff?

Say you had a runway for light aircraft, but only 700 meters or so of runway. Wouldn't it help to end the runway with a ramp that is ~40 meters above ground and slightly facing the sky at a gradient ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

How are parallel runways named if there are more than 2 or 3? [duplicate]

I know that it's very common for runways to have a parallel neighbor, and they're normally called left and right. I have also seen some runways called "center" if there are three parallel runways. ...
34
votes
2answers
9k views

Why are Oscar, India, and X-Ray (O, I, and X) not used as taxiway identifiers?

An old CAR "Licensing of Aerodromes" document indicated that taxiways may not be designated by O, I, or X. Is this still in effect today? Why were (or are) those not used as taxiway identifiers? My ...
2
votes
1answer
711 views
26
votes
5answers
5k views

Why do airports remove/realign runways?

When looking at Google Earth, I often find myself looking for airports. I often notice that no matter what size airport, over time many of them have abandoned old runways and built new runways in ...
3
votes
0answers
179 views

What are these protuberances on the north edge of runway 10/28 at Mataveri?

The single runway (10/28) at Mataveri International Airport (IPC/SCIP) on Rapa Nui1 has (at least according to Google Maps) a few paved protuberances emanating from partway down its northern edge ...
35
votes
4answers
2k views

Do any airports have runways or taxiways that cross active rail lines at grade?

Gibraltar has a runway which crosses an active road at grade (which, due to the peninsula’s geography and the resulting constraints on the airport’s location, happens to be the main road connecting ...
3
votes
3answers
233 views

What runway materials reduce skidding in wet conditions?

What are the possible materials that can be used on a runway, so as to reduce the plane speed and certainly stop the plane while preventing skidding when the runway is wet?
36
votes
4answers
12k views

Why do farmers register their fields as airports?

(this seems to be primarily a US phenomenon) So in the vicinity of my parents' place (in a rural area in Indiana), there are several registered airports within several miles' radius. I remember when ...
8
votes
4answers
8k views

Why is Denver International Airport runway 16R/34L rarely used?

From watching planes land at DIA on Flightradar24, none seem to ever land on 16R (longest runway in the US at a length of 16,000 ft), but instead land on a runway 4,000 ft shorter such as runway 16L (...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

What factors are considered when a runway is planned?

What environmental factors are considered when a new runway construction is planned (e.g. winds, weather, sun direction, etc.)?
15
votes
5answers
15k views

Why are most runways made of asphalt and not concrete?

From the little I know about vehicles in cities, nowadays concrete is preferred to asphalt for road construction as, while initially more expensive, concrete is supposed to be cheaper to maintain. ...
2
votes
7answers
1k views

Has this “straight through” airport design ever been contemplated?

Here's an airport, with some planes on the various runways/taxiways and some using the terminal .. (airliners in green) Airport/terminal design is really tricky. There are many spatial problems ...
32
votes
1answer
7k views

What is the purpose of a walled area in the vicinity of Heathrow Airport?

Looking at a satellite map to the East of Heathrow Airport, there is a small passenger jet parked in a walled off area. Looking at the aerodrome chart the entire area is listed as Bealine Base, which ...
7
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2answers
7k views

What is the difference between a concourse and a pier?

Both are narrow buildings with aircraft parked on both sides, so what is the main difference? (image source)
0
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0answers
49 views

Aerodrome category, certification?

I need to know how you tell the certification of new airport just built? how can you tell if airport is certified for International flights or not? approved for intl flights or not meeting ...
17
votes
2answers
4k views

What do these white on red words indicate on a London Heathrow taxiway chart?

What do the words in white block capital letters over a red background denote on this aerodrome chart of LHR?
14
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2answers
2k views

Are taxiways numbered in a predictable order?

When taxiing at an airport without a full-blown airport diagram (most commonly, a non-towered airport), how does a pilot know whether taxiway A (Alpha) is on one end of a runway, or the other? Or, in ...
50
votes
13answers
13k views

Is there any combination of two airports that are connected via taxiways?

Are there any 2 (or more) airports that are ground-connected so that e.g. aircraft can taxi between them? Would that be even possible from a definition point of view, having a common area with two ...
3
votes
1answer
268 views

Are there any airports that require arriving/departing flights to fly under an obstruction?

Are there any airports with approaches and/or departures that require pilots to fly under an obstruction at some point (thus meaning that, for at least a short segment of the approach or departure, ...
17
votes
2answers
5k views

Why so much ground time at Frankfurt Airport?

Disclaimer: Total layman here. I frequently fly into and out of Frankfurt Airport (FRA) with regional jets (flight time advertised as 45 minutes) and one thing that everyone is always annoyed about ...
7
votes
2answers
336 views

Do any airbridges move vertically to match arrival/departure halls?

One of the things that always baffles me is that airports almost always have the arrivals and departures sections on different levels, but that you exit the aircraft into the departures hall. In some ...
4
votes
1answer
601 views

What is the table top runway maximum slope?

What is the maximum permissible slope for a table top Runway (elevation 1600 m) to be made on hill top ?
3
votes
2answers
350 views

Why are some taxiways named with two characters?

The picture above is a diagram of the Taoyuan Airport, Taipei, and as you can see in the diagram, some taxiways are named with two characters like “NC, NP, WC.” My question is: Is there any good ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Why not a second airbridge at the back? [duplicate]

Airbridges slow boarding and disembarking because (normally) there's only one door in use. But... why? Now the most obvious reason would be that it's very easy to have the aircraft pull forward until ...
4
votes
1answer
536 views

Why is there such a long displaced threshold on 22R at JFK/KJFK?

This video seems to raise a whole bunch of questions, but here's one I have: Why such a long displaced landing threshold on 22R at JFK/KJFK? (Scroll down to the 4L/22R section for details.) ...
7
votes
2answers
986 views

What is the purpose of this loop in a taxiway?

This image is of Mariscal Sucre International Airport near Quito, Ecuador. (Official site / in English) What is the purpose of the loop in the taxiway plainly visible in this image? From Google ...
2
votes
1answer
255 views

Are taxiways always one-way towards a specific, fixed direction?

I was studying the airport diagram of JFK and I began to wonder if aircrafts use taxiways as a one-way road. In case they do, is the direction of a taxiway fixed or does it change according to the ...
11
votes
2answers
422 views

Why would the runway separation for parallel triple simultaneous precision approaches be dependent on airport elevation?

Based on FAA advisory circular AC 150/5300-13A, Airport Design, when operating triple simultaneous precision instrument approaches the parallel runway separation could be reduced from 5000 feet to ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Are there any “captains-only” airports in the U.S.?

Some airports in the world only allow captains to take off or land the aircraft, due to airport design or environmental conditions (obstacles, high winds). Examples include: Funchal (Madeira, ...
18
votes
4answers
1k views

Why does the Las Vegas Airport have three control towers?

Why does the Las Vegas Airport have three control towers? I just noticed, and I find it a little weird. There should only be one... Does anybody know details on how this came about? And how they work ...
6
votes
1answer
637 views

Why did the north / south runways close at Daugherty Field (KLGB)?

The north / south runway at KLGB were recently closed. Does anyone know the reason for the runway closures?
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do simultaneous-ops parallel runways need to be so far apart?

In the answers to this question about Denver's widely-scattered pinwheel of runways and this question about Schiphol's runway out in the middle of nowhere, it's mentioned that parallel runways are ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

What is the difference between a Stand and Gate in Airports? How do they differ ?

I have seen Aircrafts having been assigned a Stand and Gate, So wanted to know whether the stand and gate are same physical location of airport or they are different but have link between them.
23
votes
3answers
16k views

Why does Schiphol Airport have such a long taxi?

I recently flew into Schiphol and experienced a very long taxi time (about 20 minutes) from landing to pulling into the pier at the terminal. Given that the flight was only 90 minutes from closing air ...
10
votes
1answer
626 views

How will aiport operations at KOAK be affected when taxiway W is promoted to a runway?

For the record, my question is not about mistakenly using a taxiway as a runway. I've noticed recent changes to the sectional and TAC VFR maps around Metropolitan Oakland International Airport (OAK/...
3
votes
2answers
301 views

Are gate ramps sloped?

If you’ve ever seen an airliner park at its gate, you’ll likely note that sometimes it will move beyond slightly beyond its designated parking line. However, you may see that after the brakes are ...
9
votes
1answer
381 views

Why is London City getting a virtual tower?

(Source) London City is not a remote-low-traffic airport. Staffing a remote airport is like having lighthouse keepers. That I understand. And yet the tower will be closed, and moved off-airport to ...
31
votes
4answers
8k views

Why do passenger embark on the left side of an aircraft?

I speak of passenger aircraft that can be found on large airports. The left side is used by passengers (and the crew) to embark/disembark (see the position of jet bridges) and the other side to embark/...