Questions tagged [airport-design]

Questions about the planning and design of airports: both the manoeuvring area itself, and the services and passenger facilities.

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25
votes
2answers
16k views

How much force does a 747 land with?

I've been told before that the runways for large commercial aircraft have to be built to withstand a large amount of force. But I'm wondering exactly how much it is? When a 747 touches down, how ...
35
votes
4answers
11k views

Why do farmers register their fields as airports?

(this seems to be primarily a US phenomenon) So in the vicinity of my parents' place (in a rural area in Indiana), there are several registered airports within several miles' radius. I remember when ...
23
votes
3answers
15k views

Why does Schiphol Airport have such a long taxi?

I recently flew into Schiphol and experienced a very long taxi time (about 20 minutes) from landing to pulling into the pier at the terminal. Given that the flight was only 90 minutes from closing air ...
29
votes
3answers
18k views

How flat does a runway need to be?

I always assumed that big runways are flat (or more specifically straight: they might have a slight slope in either direction), but while watching some crosswind landing footage shot at Birmingham ...
10
votes
1answer
936 views

Are zero visibility landings practical and desirable for commercial aviation?

With ILS cat IIIc autoland, equipped aircrafts may land on runways without visibility. However they will not be able to safely leave the runway and taxi to the gate. Airports usually close in fog ...
31
votes
4answers
8k views

Why do passenger embark on the left side of an aircraft?

I speak of passenger aircraft that can be found on large airports. The left side is used by passengers (and the crew) to embark/disembark (see the position of jet bridges) and the other side to embark/...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do simultaneous-ops parallel runways need to be so far apart?

In the answers to this question about Denver's widely-scattered pinwheel of runways and this question about Schiphol's runway out in the middle of nowhere, it's mentioned that parallel runways are ...
27
votes
3answers
9k views

Why is Heraklion airport a 'captains only' airport?

I was recently watching "EasyJet: Inside The Cockpit" and it said pilots need 4 shoulder stripes to land at Heraklion International Airport, “Nikos Kazantzakis” (IATA: HER, ICAO: LGIR), but it didn't ...
19
votes
2answers
3k views

How do passengers board the planes on this airport?

I found a quite "rare" layout on Munich airport. It has jetbridges but I don't see any terminal. Look: How do passengers make it to this point of the airport? By underground?
8
votes
4answers
7k views

Why is Denver International Airport runway 16R/34L rarely used?

From watching planes land at DIA on Flightradar24, none seem to ever land on 16R (longest runway in the US at a length of 16,000 ft), but instead land on a runway 4,000 ft shorter such as runway 16L (...
15
votes
5answers
13k views

Why are most runways made of asphalt and not concrete?

From the little I know about vehicles in cities, nowadays concrete is preferred to asphalt for road construction as, while initially more expensive, concrete is supposed to be cheaper to maintain. ...
25
votes
1answer
841 views

What's the reason for this frog finger shaped parking lots at Köln/Bonn airport (CGN)?

Most aprons of international airports are vast areas paved with asphalt or concrete. However, I noticed this structures in the south of Köln/Bonn airport (CGN) (Google maps link): Does anyone know ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

What factors are considered when a runway is planned?

What environmental factors are considered when a new runway construction is planned (e.g. winds, weather, sun direction, etc.)?
7
votes
2answers
916 views

What is the purpose of this loop in a taxiway?

This image is of Mariscal Sucre International Airport near Quito, Ecuador. (Official site / in English) What is the purpose of the loop in the taxiway plainly visible in this image? From Google ...
6
votes
1answer
584 views

Why did the north / south runways close at Daugherty Field (KLGB)?

The north / south runway at KLGB were recently closed. Does anyone know the reason for the runway closures?
6
votes
2answers
877 views

For designing a runway, what are the largest cargo airplanes in use?

I am working on a project where I have to design a runway for large cargo planes and I need to know what kind of planes I should assume would land there.
6
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the safe speed to use highspeed turnoff?

I understand that high speed turnoff is for the plane to exit the runway asap. What is its design specification and how fast can a plane use highspeed turnoff? Assuming only A320,737 and larger.
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Why are the runways on Denver Int'l very separated from the terminals?

As you can see in the airport diagram the runways are very separated from the terminals: I've found a similar question about Schiphol runways and one of them is very separated because of the noise. ...
2
votes
1answer
655 views

Is “passenger loading bridge” a synonym to “contact stand”?

In a master plan of an international airport, which is already approved by the client, I face some confusion between the terminology of the PLB and the contact stand. Sometimes they're mentioned just ...