Questions tagged [airline-operations]

Refers to questions asking about airline practices, procedures, and processes both in the employment arena and in flight.

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5answers
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How do larger aircraft compensate for reduced visibility from the cockpit, e.g. less visibility of the rear of the aircraft?

In smaller planes, pilots has apparently great visibility in front, on the sides and a good portion of the rear of the plane. But as the plane's size is increased, the visibility is also reduced. One ...
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Did commercial airliners have microwave ovens in the past?

So I went on 2 long (total of 16 hours) flights with a major US airline, and they did not provide a free in-flight lunch (grr) during either flight. I had brought a sandwich with me just in case, but ...
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Do airline pilots use FD when performing visual landing?

Permitting weather, most airline pilots get visual landing clearance in the US, unless they specifically have requested an instrument or RNAV approach due to their company rules or special ...
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How many pilots do long flights need?

Under normal 2 pilot part 121 ops I could only be scheduled to fly 8 hours in a given day. This is plenty for the routes we flew (longest leg around 4 hours) so I never encountered the rules for ...
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1answer
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Why is JetBlue's IATA code B6?

I understand why JetBlue's IATA code isn't JB since that belongs to a pre-existing helijet service in Canada, but why is it B6? Is there some history behind the B6 moniker?
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1answer
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What is a typical ratio of airline pilots to aircraft?

Delta has about 800 aircraft for their current operations; how many pilots does the company have? What is a typical or average number of airline pilots employed per aircraft in the fleet?
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Why would some flights use props instead of jets?

Two years ago I flew from Tel Aviv, Israel to Tromso, Norway via Riga and Oslo. The Tel Aviv-Riga leg was flown in an A320, and the Riga-Oslo and Oslo-Tromso legs were flown in prop planes, Fokker ...
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What are the lettered and numbered signs next to airport runways and taxiways?

What do these numbers signify? Can pilots see them while landing? Do they matter while taking off? Do Control Tower mention these while guiding planes on runway?
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How do airlines manage routes when respective aircraft undergo B,C or D checks?

While playing some airline management simulation games, I found all these checks to be some real kind of mess. If suppose I have a fleet of about 10 A-320s then if one them goes for any check, then I ...
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Why do certain airlines give names to their aircraft?

That is the case for aircraft operated by e.g. KLM. Some aircraft are named after birds, some after cities. Is that common for other airlines as well or something that only KLM does?
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Why do airlines have intermediate stopovers with no passenger boarding?

I fly regularly KLM 573 from Amsterdam to Dar es Salaam. This flight does a stop over in Kilimanjaro International Airport and no passengers are boarded, but passengers are disembarked. There are ...
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Do airlines ever clean their planes?

Looking at some photos, I saw that a lot of planes are very dirty (on the fuselage, not inside or in the cabin), and it is said that the dirt on the fuselage affect performance. Also insects affect ...
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Do airline pilots routinely carry out “gross error” checks?

Malaysian MH132 seems to have had a bit of a mix up over flight plans. It appears to be a non-event but it does make me wonder if "gross error checks" are commonly used by airline pilots. I'm only a ...
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What are the practical impacts of airports in the US being mostly IATA Level 2?

IATA classifies airports using levels, which determine how slots are allocated. Source Definitions of levels by IATA, from Slot Coordination Switzerland: Level 1: airports where the capacity of ...
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What is an airliner's “green dot speed”, and how does it vary with weight, and why?

A related question told us, quoting from an Airbus performance manual, Green dot speed (minimum gradient) is a function of weight. Comments under the question stated that the "green dot speed" ...
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Why would Emirates fly over Iraq, avoiding Iran?

For the last few years flying with Emirates from the UK to Dubai, I've noticed it avoids Iraq and fly over Iran to the north. For example, EK40 from BHX to DXB From Flightradar24 However, flying ...
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Were civilian aircraft allowed to overfly the Soviet Union?

The great-circle route from Western Europe to, say, Japan involves putting in a lot of miles above Russia, for example like this (London Heathrow–Tokyo Narita; map from gcmap.com). Would routes ...
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What is a “high-bypass geared turbofan,” and why is it so much more efficient?

According to the article Bombardier’s CSeries Gamble Is Facing Longer Odds, this new plane from Bombardier uses a new engine technology that will improve efficiency over its rival 737 series and A320 ...
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480 views

What is the proper procedure when a passenger seat belt becomes inoperable during flight?

I was on a Delta flight in Business class on a 777 and during flight the motor of the seat caused the seat belt buckle to pop off the end of the seat belt causing the seat belt to be inoperable. ...
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Are there any accident reports that mention hacked/compromised avionics as a factor?

Does anyone know of any documented examples of airline accidents caused by hacked or otherwise deliberately compromised avionics?
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665 views

How many airport charts do airline pilots have in the cockpit?

I always wonder how many "backup" approach charts and airport diagrams airline pilots have in case the plane has to divert. I imagine a few possibilities: There are no approach charts in the cockpit. ...
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Why would pilots “call the company” after an aborted takeoff?

I was skimming through the RealATC videos on YouTube today and watched this one. In it there are two flights taking off from Chicago-Midway (KMDW); Delta flight DAL1328/DL1328 and SouthWest's SWA3828/...
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Has there even been a case of pilot incapacitation due to food poisoning?

On commercial flights, pilots are usually required to have different meal, to reduce the chance of food poisoning affecting both pilots. Is this just a precautionary measure, or has this actually ...
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980 views

Does pilot monitoring have authority to go around in exceptional circumstances?

Let's say the captain is acting as the pilot flying(PF) and the first officer the pilot monitoring(PM) in a commercial jet. They are shooting an ILS to their destination airport but the approach is so ...
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How do pilots and controllers deal with TFR's that lie directly on an approach?

FDC Notam 4/3621 creates a generic "template" TFR which sits on top of sporting events. This one in Phonenix appears to sit right on one of the business ends of Phoenix Sky Harbor (PHX) The Notam ...
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Is defacing the airline logo of a wrecked airplane illegal?

I was listening to episode #25 of the Hello Internet podcast where Brady Haran mentioned that it's not unheard of for airline employees to rush to their own airplane's respective accident scene to ...
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Why would pilots get special cups?

This Reddit post shows a picture of a disposable cup that is labeled specifically for use by pilots only: Is that seriously a thing? If so, why? There's some explanation in that discussion thread ...
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Is the weather radar on and active during the whole flight?

The title says it all: Do airline pilots leave the aircraft's weather radar on at all times during the flight and display the data on one or both of the Navigation Displays, or only if clouds/ weather ...
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What is the average cost/timeframe of obtaining a pilot job at a major passenger airline in the US?

Please note that I'm not asking about getting a certificate good enough for flying a wide-body passenger jet (see related question). Rather, I'm asking about getting from zero flying experience to an ...
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What year did the seat belt sign come in to use?

What year did commercial airlines start using a lighted seat belt sign?
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Why did flight NH175 divert back to Los Angeles?

In the news recently is All Nippon Airways flight NH175, which returned to LAX after four hours towards NRT when it was discovered that a passenger aboard did not have the correct ticket, although his ...
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Are there any “captains-only” airports in the U.S.?

Some airports in the world only allow captains to take off or land the aircraft, due to airport design or environmental conditions (obstacles, high winds). Examples include: Funchal (Madeira, ...
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How do airlines handle SIGMETS?

In general, what is the action taken by airlines when presented with a SIGMET in the projected route. Will they go around it, cancel the flight prior to takeoff, or simply fly thought it anyway? As ...
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Why do some airports have to put 2 jetbridges on one aircraft?

At a gate in Denver Int'l there is a United plane with 2 jetbridges. Why do some airports have to put 2 jetbridges on a plane? Is it necessary?
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How long does flight planning take / when is it done / how is it done?

When I left an A320 today, the fuel truck was already there and refueling the aircraft. (At least, the hose was connected.) Also, a FA said they will fly back within 40 minutes. This isn't much time, ...
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Does the NTSB and other investigative agencies charge airlines for investigations?

Does an airline have to pay the investigation team? For example the NTSB? And if Boeing or Airbus participate in the investigation, do they also charge the airlines?
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How many pilots does an airline hire for each new plane they purchase?

I guess this would depend if the airplane is narrow body or wide body because wide body airplanes make longer trips. Another way to ask this question is what is the ratio of airplanes and pilots in an ...
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Is there a reason to be worried about go-arounds as a passenger? [duplicate]

The last night I had an "interesting" experience with an aborted landing, which was a bit dramatic for my liking. Heavy fog and darkness didn't help either. Pilot told us that the reason for aborted ...
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Is there a particular reason that EasyJet uses U2 as their code?

Does anyone know why EasyJet uses U2 as the prefix for flight numbers? Other airlines have more logical prefixes. Eg. KL -> KLM, AZ -> Alitalia, BA-> British Airways, etc. Even though they do not ...
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Why don't airliner winglets have consumer advertising on them?

I was looking over the wikipedia article for the 737NG when I came across this picture: As you can see, the operator of the jet has written their companies web address on the winglet. Which seems ...
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What is the ratio between time in the air and time on ground for an aircraft?

I suppose it may be different from an airline to another. Given the maintenance, the time to load/unload the aircraft, the time the aircraft is grounded because there is no flight scheduled (e.g. at ...
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How is the emergency exit row handled when there are no passengers aboard eligible to sit in an exit row seat?

Based on Roddy's question about nobody volunteering for the exit row, I can imagine a related but more extreme scenario: what if there are no passengers on the plane who are eligible for an exit row ...
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Who pays for the compliance with Airworthiness Directives (AD)?

Airworthiness Directives (ADs) are legally enforceable regulations issued by the FAA in accordance with 14 CFR part 39 to correct an unsafe condition in a product. Hence when an AD is issued, owner ...
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What does a passenger aircraft galley ('kitchen') look like?

What equipment is installed in passenger aircraft for catering the passenger?
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How much time does an landing/take-off add to an otherwise direct flight?

I'm interested to know how much time a descent and ascent to crusing altitude takes as part of a longer journey. A standard jet-aircraft (for example a A340 or 777) flys for eight hours from City A ...
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Do aircraft use their lights to 'say hello' to each other?

On the KLM website, I found this strange quote: If planes pass each other at night they sometimes use light signals to say hello. Is it true and common? How it is done (which lights/patterns)?
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Can a pilot act as cabin crew member?

If several standby cabin crew members called in sick and there are no more available can standby pilot called to perform cabin crew member duties? Probably it would be more economical than postpone ...
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Do any airlines publish their policy on CRM / Do Not Pair?

A question came up recently on Skeptics.se regarding the implementation of "Do Not Pair" lists in Airline operations. I am skeptical of the answer given (irony?) which ascribes the implementation of ...
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Do cabin evacuation tests include passengers with limited mobility?

When doing the evacuation drills to ensure people can leave the plane in 90 seconds, are they tested with disabled people, ones in wheelchairs or, like myself, people who have difficulties walking and ...
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Why would a diverted airline flight return to its departure airport rather than land at the nearest one?

The Vueling flight VY2119 Barcelona-Malaga yesterday (see flightradar) got diverted 50 min into the flight. The nearest airport then was Valencia, but they chose to turn around and fly all the way ...

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