Questions tagged [airline-operations]

Refers to questions asking about airline practices, procedures, and processes both in the employment arena and in flight.

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6
votes
3answers
555 views

Are there left seat qualifications specific to actual handling of the aircraft?

The following three posts explain that both yokes and side-sticks require changing the hand that holds the yoke/side-stick when switching seats: Why are Airbus captain control sticks placed on the ...
5
votes
2answers
396 views

Could improper deplaning of a flight with full fuel tanks cause the plane to tip?

Reading this article regarding an Alaska Airlines 737 Flight that had to turn around back to the gate. There was a following statement: At the gate, passengers were unloaded five rows at a time, to ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Why would a pilot request an unusual approach/runway to ATC?

In another SE Aviation question about the preferred approach for commercial aviation (Visual vs ILS) there's the following useful explanation: In most ATC facilities, the Tower decides what runway ...
5
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3answers
2k views

Can two captains fly an airliner?

If the First Officer cannot take his role for some reason, and the company only has another Captain available, can two captains fly the airliner, assuming they routinely fly as captains for that ...
5
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1answer
305 views

Do special procedures exist to limit pilot workload during pilot incapacitation?

Although pilot incapacitation is rare, the website avherald.com lists several occurrances of flight crew incapacitation, alone two events reported yesterday. FAA AC 25.1523-1 requires all aircraft ...
0
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3answers
857 views

Why do airlines not use direct routes?

Why do airlines use SIDs and STARs when flying IFR. Wouldn’t it be easier and make more sense for them to use direct routes (for example KDFW.KLAX instead of KDFW.L4D.ZIBIT.J5N.BUBIN.P3K.KLAX (not a ...
31
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6answers
8k views

Why do pilots do walkaround inspections for regularly scheduled commercial flights instead of aircraft mechanics?

If the airline has personnel to maintain the aircraft, wouldn't it be more cost effective to have them inspect the aircraft before flight rather than have the captain or first officer do it? Is it ...
20
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2answers
8k views

Why pilots would leave the cockpit in a short flight?

I've occasionally read about pilots being locked out of the cockpit in flight, and was wondering: Why might a pilot leave the cockpit during a short flight (1-2 hours)?
20
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4answers
8k views

Are two people required in cockpit at all times on large commercial aircraft?

It would seem reasonable on large commercial airlines to require that there be two people in the cockpit at all times. For example when the pilot goes to the toilet a member of the cabin crew must ...
19
votes
1answer
3k views

How do airline pilots contact their company while in the air?

Sometimes airline pilots need to get in touch with their company while in the air, for example diagnosing cautionary messages or reporting a diversion. By what means is the communication channel ...
19
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5answers
4k views

Can commercial air traffic operate from uncontrolled airport, airspace?

Are there any airports with scheduled services where big jets (say 737 or A320) or wide bodies regularly operate without control tower? Are there any rules (EASA FAA) for this? If controllers go ...
17
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3answers
5k views

Why don't American passenger airlines operate dedicated cargo flights any more?

I was reading recently that Northwest Airlines was the last American passenger carrier to operate dedicated Cargo aircraft. Why do none of the large US airlines operate dedicated cargo flights anymore?...
17
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3answers
3k views

Why does the co-pilot sometimes keep a hand on the throttle as well as the pilot?

In this YouTube video of a takeoff and landing in a Dash-8, you can see the pilot, while landing, keeps his right hand on the throttle levers. The co-pilot keeps his left hand at the base of the ...
15
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1answer
5k views

When do commercial flights turn off the APU?

On commercial flights do the pilots ever turn off the APU? Is it needed when flying?
14
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3answers
4k views

How does an airline open a new route?

How do they manage to open a new route? For example Dubai-Panama. Do they have to open new airways?
14
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1answer
43k views

How many pilots do long flights need?

Under normal 2 pilot part 121 ops I could only be scheduled to fly 8 hours in a given day. This is plenty for the routes we flew (longest leg around 4 hours) so I never encountered the rules for ...
13
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1answer
1k views

Do airline pilots routinely carry out “gross error” checks?

Malaysian MH132 seems to have had a bit of a mix up over flight plans. It appears to be a non-event but it does make me wonder if "gross error checks" are commonly used by airline pilots. I'm only a ...
13
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2answers
3k views

Why do airlines have intermediate stopovers with no passenger boarding?

I fly regularly KLM 573 from Amsterdam to Dar es Salaam. This flight does a stop over in Kilimanjaro International Airport and no passengers are boarded, but passengers are disembarked. There are ...
11
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1answer
18k views

What does a passenger aircraft galley ('kitchen') look like?

What equipment is installed in passenger aircraft for catering the passenger?
11
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1answer
16k views

How much time does an landing/take-off add to an otherwise direct flight?

I'm interested to know how much time a descent and ascent to crusing altitude takes as part of a longer journey. A standard jet-aircraft (for example a A340 or 777) flys for eight hours from City A ...
10
votes
2answers
6k views

Are four-engined airplanes subject to ETOPS equivalent rules?

I've heard of ETOPS, which permits the maximum duration for which a two-engined airplane can fly on one engine to the nearest airport. Are 4-engined planes such as the Boeing 747 and Airbus A380 ...
9
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2answers
1k views

Is there a legal minimum stop time between 2 legs?

This question is restricted to airliners transporting many passengers (let's say more than 20). Between two legs, airliners stay at the boarding gate for a limited time, sometimes less than an hour. ...
9
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3answers
2k views

How does an airport catch up when it is behind on traffic?

When airports fall behind traffic for some reason and delays piling up, how do they catch up? If flights need to be cancelled, who decides (and when) - ATC, airport management, or airlines themselves? ...
8
votes
1answer
911 views

Who closes an airline's IFR flight plan and when?

ATA (Air Transport Association of America) defines the various flight phases (ATA Spec 2300, flight phases). The last phase is called Flight Close and is described as "The Flight Close phase begins ...
8
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2answers
2k views

Why wasn't MH-17 flying at 33,000ft before it entered Ukrainian airspace?

I was looking at the path of the MH-17 flight that crashed in the Ukraine on FlightRadar24 and noticed it was flying at FL310 (31,000ft), then because of the Ukrainian NOTAM which went up to FL320 (32,...
7
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2answers
9k views

Why can't pilots drink alcohol after a flight?

Why are pilots told not to drink alcoholic drinks even after landing, even when their next flight is more than 24 hours later? Is this some kind of precautionary rule?
6
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1answer
265 views

What is the proportion of active aircraft from CASL (commercial aircraft sales and leasing)?

I recently discovered the existence of CASL and I understand they buy a lot of new aircraft (e.g. BOC aviation ordered more than 80 B737's and about 40 A320's few weeks ago). I imagine those aircraft ...
6
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3answers
690 views

(Why) Do airliners travel together sometimes?

While browsing through the planes in FlightRadar (once again), I've noticed that sometimes some airliners from the same airline company seem to travel "together" on long distance flights to ...
5
votes
1answer
771 views

What is the business purpose of scheduling two separate flights on the very same route with 5-10 minutes separation?

As in question. I have noticed, for example, that Berlin-Tegel has TXL-CDG route served by both AirBerlin and AirFrance with exactly five minutes separation. First plane takes off at 09:50 and second ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

What are common airline crew titles and positions?

I realize that airlines can operate with different numbers of Pilots and Flight Attendants, depending on the route, aircraft and length of flight (EET). Which are the types of crew members that an ...
5
votes
1answer
144 views

What operational aspects of Alphabet's Wing drone delivery service will be the same as that of an airline?

The NPR News article and podcast FAA Certifies Google's Wing Drone Delivery Company To Operate As An Airline begins with: The Federal Aviation Administration has certified Alphabet's Wing Aviation to ...
4
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1answer
132 views

How are bids packages and awards generated?

There probably is no short answer for this. Crews out there, how do you bid and how are you rewarded? Are you always satisfied with your lines? Can someone also explain in brief from a system point of ...
4
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2answers
3k views

What is “Takeoff Minimum: NA” for US Airports as depicted in Terminal Procedures?

This question refers to US Air Carrier procedures for determining takeoff minimums, as published in FAR 91.175, 121.651, Carrier OpSpecs, and the US Terminal Procedures Publication booklet. As nicely ...
4
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2answers
3k views

What are SIDS and STARs?

I’ve been exploring the FMC(flight management computer) on the PMDG 777 and noticed that under the route section you can insert VIA and TO points. From what I’ve learnt this is where you would insert ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Why do airlines over-estimate/over-calculate flight times?

A specific example I'm referring to is Cathay Pacific's CX138 flight between Sydney and Hong Kong. This flight is scheduled to be 9 hours & 40 minutes long (departing SYD at 22:20 local time and ...
3
votes
0answers
197 views

Possible reason for diverting domestic flight to a distant country [closed]

I have just spotted something weird (at least to me) on Flightradar24. A Lufthansa domestic flight from Munich to Frankfurt flying toward... Warsaw in Poland: My first, and quite obvious conclusion ...
3
votes
2answers
542 views

Why is there still an Air Berlin branded plane operating as of Sep 5th, 2018?

Yesterday, I flew from TXL and was quite surprised to see this during taxi: It very much looks like people boarding an Air Berlin flight, an airline that supposedly does not exist any more. Local ...
2
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1answer
216 views

Regular procedure followed by the pilots before takeoff? [closed]

What are the list of procedures (checks) followed by A320 and A380? Are these procedures decided by the airlines and (or) the manufacturer, or by the Civil Aviation Regulatory Authority of the ...
2
votes
1answer
301 views

Altimeter disagreement. What's the crew procedure to deal with that?

The crew is facing a situation, in which, the altimeters indicate different altitude (the port and starboard ones - cpt´s and FO´s). Is there any procedure to perform an IFR landing? If we consider a ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Who can perform different maintenance checks?

The different types of check (A-check to D-check) require different types of competence and certification. If I understand correctly, D-checks require special equipment and certification and some ...
0
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1answer
1k views

Where can I find an accurate list of IATA meal codes? [closed]

I'm trying to "compile" single list of IATA meal codes. By using different airlines and data sources I have found many meal codes. However, I have also found problems with codes that are used to mean ...

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