Questions tagged [airline-operations]

Refers to questions asking about airline practices, procedures, and processes both in the employment arena and in flight.

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25
votes
5answers
9k views

Are passengers really not allowed to change seats before take-off due to weight and balance?

Just boarded an A320 with many open seats (Spirit), and the flight attendant said we may not change seats until at altitude due to weight and balance. Is he just trying to prevent pax from moving ...
35
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4answers
14k views

Does the sterile cockpit rule mean flight attendants could not inform the pilots if a passenger is in the lavatory while on final?

Context: I've seen this interesting question just the other day, asking what would pilots do after receiving this information while on final: either go around or continue with the landing. However ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

What does it take from the airlines to be ETOPS certified?

I have been told that the airlines to be certified for ETOPS apart from the aircraft certification, engineering wise it should have some conditions met in order to get the certification and to ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

What, if any, equipment on a commercial airliner is (allowed to be) inoperative most of the time? [closed]

Since airliners are bound by their minimum equipment list, I was wondering, which parts/systems that are not on the minimum equipment list are often inoperative on normal commercial flights.
1
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0answers
75 views

What is the difference between flight watch and home reserve?

Can anyone explain the difference between 'flight watch' and 'home reserve' with regards to flight and duty periods. This is in regards to a charter operation, where crew members are on standby at ...
17
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3answers
3k views

Why does the co-pilot sometimes keep a hand on the throttle as well as the pilot?

In this YouTube video of a takeoff and landing in a Dash-8, you can see the pilot, while landing, keeps his right hand on the throttle levers. The co-pilot keeps his left hand at the base of the ...
7
votes
1answer
234 views

How do insurers apportion responsibility when airliners collide on runways or taxiways?

Here's an ATC recording of Virgin and Egyptair aircraft clipping wings at JFK. Generally, what happens next with regard to sorting out responsibility after a low-speed collision that results in ...
0
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1answer
413 views

Why is the IATA Airline Accounting Code abbreviated as PAX?

I'm dealing with some configuration files used in a software system. There's a single configuration file for each airline, e.g. like for Cathay, below: ...
1
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1answer
140 views

Can pressurized aircraft be flown without pressurizing

Are there any pressurized aircraft models which can also be flown without pressurizing the cabin? For example, if there were a short ferry flight, or a flight where the aircraft never got high enough ...
2
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1answer
962 views

Why do Ryanair pilots get paid such a low wage?

As I‘m living in Europe and I‘m interested in a commercial pilot career, I looked up the wages on various websites. (I hope the German screenshots don‘t matter too much). Example 1 (Source) Example ...
9
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2answers
4k views

What is the role of the flight dispatcher? How do the dispatcher and the flight crew interact?

The flight dispatcher is known as the ground pilot. Air Canada flight dispatcher (source: On the job: Flight Dispatch) It's not clear to me what is their role related to a given flight, or where are ...
30
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4answers
5k views

Why were flying boats phased out?

Before WWII, flying boats were a popular form of transport, and the advantages are many: No need to build runways, capability of emergency landing on water, availability of large landing sites and no ...
6
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1answer
185 views

How to keep an aircraft stationary with an inoperative parking brake?

After High Speed Rejected T/O and an imminent evacuation, how would a pilot keep the airplane stationary with an INOPERATIVE parking brake?
7
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1answer
260 views

How is the Flight Plan Data transferred into an aircraft/plane?

I know that pilots have to fill the ICAO standard flight plan and send it to the relevant CAA to be checked, updated if needed and finally approved before the flight takes off. what I am looking for ...
9
votes
2answers
670 views

When may passengers board the aircraft and who makes the decision?

Who decides when the passengers may board the aircraft? Is this a pilot or cabin crew decision, and what are the prerequisites / conditions (cabin checks completed, flight plan filed, ...?) for this ...
-1
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1answer
89 views

What is the T and the I in dispatcher language?

From October 2019 ASRS CALLBACK, a captain told a story when the dispatcher told me, “All the ‘T’s had been crossed, and all the ‘I’s had been dotted: everything has been done the right way, ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Are Air Traffic Flow Management Algorithms mostly based on linear programming techniques?

I'm really interested in knowing the methods used by the Air-Traffic-Flow-Management (ATFM) providers to increase the throughput of the airspace by balancing safety, efficiency and cost. I've been ...
32
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5answers
4k views

Do airline pilots use this high-speed, high-drag technique for losing altitude?

This question and another more recent one got me thinking about this. Years ago on my MEII checkride the DPE showed me a technique for losing altitude on final when the aircraft was high. Typically, ...
3
votes
1answer
303 views

Do pilot uniforms always include a shirt with stripes?

On airliners, pilot's uniform usually include a shirt with stripes on shoulder. I cannot find examples of pilot without this kind of uniform while in service (either in the airport before departure/...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Can a company return an aircraft in leasing? [closed]

regarding A380 I see that Singapore Airline and AirFrance return 2 and 5 respectively to their lessors, so I would like to know, how the give back operation works? Are there any penalty to pay? I was ...
7
votes
4answers
351 views

What accidents have had crew accustomization to warnings among their causes?

A non-answer on this question claimed that: the idea that maneuvering with the stall warning activated will somehow damage us, causing us to ignore its warning when the chips are down and AOA is up,...
3
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1answer
276 views

Why Do Airlines Still Use Tractor-feed Printers? [closed]

Why do airlines still use those old dot-matrix tractor-feed printers at their gate counters? I’ve always thought that was hilarious.
1
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0answers
108 views

What are typical ratios of galley carts to passengers?

What are typical ratios for the number of galley carts to passengers on a two meal long haul flight for First, Business, Premium Economy and Economy? This is for cabin layout planning. I found one a/c ...
3
votes
1answer
325 views

Do they wait until all aircraft have landed before winding up an airline?

This BBC article suggests that any announcement about winding up Thomas Cook will wait until late at night and all its planes are on the ground (I guess they don't fly long haul distances?) before an ...
10
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2answers
5k views

How frequently are airline pilots switching between aircraft types (e.g. Airbus, Boeing, etc)?

Are pilots at Airlines typically assigned to fly a single Type in a given month / year or do they get switched routinely between multiple types of aircraft as per scheduling convenience? i.e. Is it ...
3
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1answer
139 views

How is the transfer of an aircraft managed when it landed at a different airport than the scheduled one?

The question came to me when my flight could not land at the scheduled airport because of fog. We landed in a nearby city (Turin instead of Milan). Is the aircraft transfered without passengers ...
9
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1answer
6k views

What is the exact definition of a “crew duty day”?

How do you define a crew duty day? When does it start and when does it end? Also what are the legal limits (in other words how long can a crew duty day last in terms of hours)?. Edit: Here is a link ...
4
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1answer
241 views

Why do some U.S. airlines require passenger headrests to be lowered during takeoff?

I've experienced a few times recently where cabin crew have asked passengers to lower their adjustable headrests during takeoff and landing and, in at least one case, it was even part of the pre-...
2
votes
1answer
326 views

Is this a Janet Airlines 737 at Area 51?

I was looking at the satellite image of area 51 on google earth and i noticed an airplane that was taxiing alone on area 51 at 37°14′0″N 115°48′30″W or (R-4808N) could this be a Janet airlines Boeing ...
9
votes
3answers
4k views

Why was this commercial plane highly delayed mid-flight?

What could be the main reasons for a short-haul flight to be delayed over an hour in-flight? Recent Lufthansa LH 2227 CDG-MUC flight took off only half an hour after scheduled time, but landed at ...
2
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1answer
127 views

What date and time definition is used for the second leg of a flight?

Let's take flight BA0015, from London to Syndney, via Singapore. This is data from FlightStats. The first leg has this data: ...
-2
votes
1answer
455 views

What happens to thrust and drag in a straight and level flight?

Straight and level flight means when an aircraft is flying at a constant speed without changing its attitude. Its lift is equal to the weight of the aircraft. It is flying at a constant altitude. Then ...
5
votes
3answers
999 views

Why do shipping companies opt for the Boeing 747 instead of Antonov An-124?

Both are quad-jets, but the Antonovs can carry up to 150 t of payload and are much cheaper (\$100M for the An-124 compared to \$238M for the Boeing 747-400F). I understand that MRO is quite an issue ...
2
votes
2answers
164 views

Do ETOPS rated airplanes ALWAYS fly with ETOPS requirements?

So, as this is kind of a confusing subject I want to make sure I get a real answer, that's why I ended up doing it here. As ETOPS rated airplanes need to fly with certain rules so they comply with all ...
8
votes
1answer
22k views

Where to find information about aircraft type knowing the flight number and date?

Having flight date and exact flight number, I would like to know aircraft type (like Boeing 737-400). Is there any service where I can get such information in bulk (for hundreds of flight dates and ...
5
votes
2answers
219 views

What is the procedure after a missed approach at the destination alternate since alternate fuel does not contain a missed app. at the alternate?

I am currently studying the fuel policy planning criteria for ATPL EASA(A) and i just learnt that the alternate fuel does NOT comprise the missed approach at the alternate destination aerodrome; in ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Commercial aircraft minimum and maximum climb angle and rate?

Is it possible for a commercial pilot to set a minimal rate of climb - for example, 350' NM climb rate, target heading of 200 degrees and target altitude of 2000 feet above MSL - before getting radar ...
1
vote
0answers
211 views

How many hours do cabin crews work?

Flight crews are limited to 100 flight hours a month and 1000 flight hours a year, and usually paid by flight hour too. But is it the same for cabin crews or do they have their own rules for monthly ...
0
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0answers
38 views

How much does it cost (on average) to run an airliner as a low cost airline on short distance flights? [duplicate]

Considering Germany is thinking about implementing new taxes to increase costs for commercial flights due to how cheap flights have become and the pollution they produce, I was thinking how much does ...
20
votes
7answers
4k views

Is there any airline company owner who also works as a pilot?

Do you know any airline company owner who holds ATPL licence and flies one of the company's aircraft occasionally in normal operations just because (s)he likes to do it?
9
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1answer
1k views

What are these clip-like things?

With me becoming an aviation enthusiast and AirBerlin becoming insolvent, my mom has gone on a hunt for deals on what I can best describe as AirBerlin merch (old uniforms, shirts, skirts, belts and ...
3
votes
1answer
266 views

How can I progress from tactical aircraft mechanic in the air force to an airline?

I am currently 17 years old and next year I will be graduating from high school. My plan is to go to the Air force and become a Tactical Aircraft Mechanic. Obviously I am going to go through BMT and ...
2
votes
1answer
538 views

Does a no-touch policy really work?

In Boeing 787 and Airbus 350 aircrafts, more than half of the aircraft body is made of composite material. The composite structure of the fuselage does not indicate the damage when the body is ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Is it a common airline practice to base T/O speeds on the actual T/O weight when an assumed temp thrust is used?

Let's say the current outside air temp is 15 C and you have decided to use 50 C as the today's assumed temperature for your takeoff. In this case, use of the T/O weight the assumed temp thrust ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

How much does it cost to lease a jetliner?

As the title says, how much would it cost to lease a airplane for an airline. Let's say a B737 and a B747 or similar aircraft. I tried to contact several aircraft leasing companies but so far I've ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

What short-term alternatives do airlines have to replace their grounded Boeing MAX 8s?

The MAX 8 fleet is grounded: what are the other practical aircraft platform options available to AA, SWA or Continental that ensures that ticketed summer 2019 passengers arrive at their destinations ...
19
votes
3answers
10k views

Are runways booked by airlines to land their planes?

Suppose Indigo lands at Indira Gandhi international airport and the arrival is schedule at 5:30 a.m. Is the runway to land on fixed by the airline. If not please explain reason behind not to schedule ...
22
votes
3answers
6k views

Why does the headset man not get on the tractor?

As far as I can see, the pushback operation of a passenger aircraft is carried out by a similar application at many airports. It's a towbarless tractor and driver who pushes the aircraft together with ...
2
votes
2answers
590 views

How much does it cost to ground a B737 max aircraft for an airline?

What are the cost items for which an operator with such an aircraft in the fleet incurs per aircraft because of the grounding of the Boeing 737 max aircrafts and how much is the average cost incurred? ...
16
votes
2answers
6k views

What do airline pilots eat on a flight, and when?

Do airline pilots eat while flying or do they wait until they are back on the ground? If they do eat, do they get the same food that is served to the passengers or do they bring their own meal?

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