Questions tagged [airline-operations]

Refers to questions asking about airline practices, procedures, and processes both in the employment arena and in flight.

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42 views

How long between an airline decides to fly a route and starting this route service?

I was wondering whether there is any literature about the time lag that elapses between the moment in which an airline decides to enter a given route and pays the associated fixed costs and the moment ...
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77 views

Easiest way to consume OOOI events [closed]

I am designing an ops software module monitoring a flight's status. The information does not need to be in real-time but it needs to be correct. I know that for OOOI events, ACARS is the reference. ...
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2answers
154 views

Can I Return Back to the Destination Airport after I Diverted to the Destination Alternate? [closed]

Can I Return Back to the Destination Airport after I Diverted to the Destination Alternate (while enroute to the destination alternate)? I highly appreciate an answer with reference please.
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1answer
99 views

What is a IATA aircraft sub-type?

I am currently reading docs regarding slots, where the following is mentioned: All SCR messages in linked (turn-around format) using aircraft subtypes only (e.g. 73G or 738 instead of 737). Not sure ...
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3answers
443 views

What is the maximum speed for regulation of sonic boom noise?

If fuel cost and fuel efficiency were not the issue, what is the maximum speed (air speed and ground speed) that business jets or airliners could travel at without exceeding the maximum noise and ...
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1answer
90 views

Hub-and-spoke networks: fixed and variable costs

In the economic literature, many authors sustain that hub-and-spoke networks: Increase the fixed costs sustained by the airlines (due to minimising the risk of congestions at the hubs). In particular,...
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1answer
83 views

Variable versus fixed costs in the airline industry

I want to list the costs airlines have to sustain by distinguishing them between variable and fixed. Variable costs change in proportion to aircraft usage. Fixed costs show little or no change in ...
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1answer
3k views

What makes someone a 'Senior First Officer'?

Some airlines have a Senior First Officer rank. Apart from the title and (presumably) the pay, what makes them different from a regular First Officer? Do they have any differing duties or ...
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1answer
111 views

When do carriers overhaul their flight schedules with flight re-numbering?

A (US domestic) carrier can obviously stop flying a flight, or some legs of that flight, for a host of reasons. But - occasionally it makes more significant changes, like re-numbering many flights, or ...
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2answers
1k views

Who closes an airline's IFR flight plan and when?

ATA (Air Transport Association of America) defines the various flight phases (ATA Spec 2300, flight phases). The last phase is called Flight Close and is described as "The Flight Close phase begins ...
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1answer
1k views

What type of visa do pilots who fly from one country to another need? [duplicate]

I am little curious about international travel. I would like to know what type of visa allows pilots and cabin crews to fly from one country to another? I mean suppose I am pilot of Japan airline and ...
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1answer
193 views

How does an airline decide when to cancel a long haul flight permanently?

BROAD QUESTION WARNING: Obviously the airlines cancel the routes because they are not making money, but would that not have been factored in when they start a route? For example, the current SFO-BLR ...
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3answers
203 views

My kid wants to be a pilot

My 7 yo is really keen on taking up aviation as a career. I have seen multiple times where kids at the age of 15-16 get licenses to fly. How does that happen? Looking for some advise on how to start ...
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What is the relation between cargo smoke and EDTO?

I have heard a lot of people discussing about cargo smoke and Extended Diversion Time Operations (EDTO) together. Just want to know how these two affect each other.
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1answer
272 views

Why was the Boeing 747SP unsuccessful?

Why was the 747SP not very successful with sales and longevity in service with the airlines that did purchase it?
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69 views

Can an airline fly two flights with the same number from the same airport on the same day?

I've read: Why have different flights with the same flight number? and I guess I understand this can make sense. But - is it allowed for a domestic US airline to have two flights with the same number, ...
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4answers
7k views

Why were flying boats phased out?

Before WWII, flying boats were a popular form of transport, and the advantages are many: No need to build runways, capability of emergency landing on water, availability of large landing sites and no ...
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8answers
73k views

Why do flight times differ between traveling East versus traveling West?

Why does it take longer to fly East to West than West to East? Which factors affect this? Does Earth's spinning affect the time difference? Maybe the air circulation?
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2answers
201 views

Which is the smallest available widebody on the market?

I'm interested to find out which is the smallest (capacity wise) modern widebody aircraft in production/ operation.
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2answers
1k views

Why is the battery turned off for checking the voltage on the A320?

Preliminary cockpit preparation section requires BAT check for 25.5V with BAT off (The beginning step). Since BAT indicator always show respective voltage, why they must be switched off?
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1answer
138 views

What is ILS CLASS in this airport NOTAM?

I have seen this NOTAM for UAII /CIT SHYMKENT airport and they mention ILS CLASS for runway 10/28, Does anyone knows what it means? NOTAM: NOTAM K3998/20: Shymkent Airport (UAII) K3998/20 NOTAMN Q) ...
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3answers
462 views

How are crews managed after a diversion (far from hub)?

While reading one of the reports of flight diversion, I started thinking about how airlines manage aftermath of the diversion especially for long haul transatlantic flights. Many of the reports say ...
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1answer
165 views

Is there a minimum amount of time an airline has to leave between using two identical callsigns?

Does anyone know if there is a minimum time that an airline has to leave before reusing the same callsign? I have noticed that airlines reuse callsigns, they usually leave a day or two between ...
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1answer
154 views

Is this free flight data really correct? [closed]

In recent years, I'm being terrorized by airplanes flying over here all the time at low height. For this reason, I'm trying to set up a little notification system to see if these are actually "...
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2answers
736 views

How do airline pilots relieve the physical stress and discomfort of sitting for long periods of time?

Airline pilots are required to sit in the cockpit for quite a considerable amount of time during their day. For example, during the preflight, climb and descend portions of the flight, there are many ...
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1answer
5k views

What if there are no volunteers to sit in the emergency exit row?

I'm currently seated in the emergency exit row, and had an interesting thought. If I was unable or unwilling to assist the crew in an emergency and operate the emergency exit, then I am supposed to ...
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2answers
2k views

Do airline pilots have to wear face masks in the cockpit because of COVID?

Do the flight crew with a commercial airline have to wear a face mask while on the flight deck, as both crew are in close proximity to each other and in a tight confined area? If not, why not?
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3answers
626 views

Does FedEx use other airlines?

I have an International Priority parcel being shipped by FedEx from Zurich, Switzerland to Perth, Australia. Currently the parcel is located in Singapore, I presume with FedEx at Changi Airport. It ...
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1answer
61 views

How much does a 3 day cabin crew recurrent training cost?

Airlines are getting rid of instructors. How are they carrying out recurrent training and how much does it cost the crew?
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3answers
323 views

Do pilots of commercial aircraft have ready access to a map or data showing nearest airports in case of a need to make an emergency landing?

As a passenger I often wonder that if a pilot had to make an emergency landing, do they have access to live information to direct them to the nearest airport or is this something that they have to ...
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1answer
94 views

What does the ACARS Weight and Balance Request page look like?

In the ATSU AOC Preflight menu of an Airbus (maybe Boeing too), there is an option for a weight and balance request. The selection name varies by airline but it may say "W/B Req" "Send ...
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4answers
5k views

Is it normal to use only one hand on the yoke while landing?

In this video taken from this question, the video shows the pilot using one hand on the yoke and one hand on something else (perhaps the throttle? I'm not a pilot). Is it normal to do landings with ...
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3answers
6k views

How do airlines replace a pilot at the last minute if they're unable to fly?

I would like to know what decision do the commercial airline carriers take when there is emergency case of a pilot who cannot fly the plane because of personal emergency conditions? Emergency ...
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4answers
26k views

How long does it take to refuel a big jumbo jet?

How long does it take to refuel a big jumbo jet? What about a smaller A320?
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2answers
136 views

What happen if the glide slope beacon removed for maintenance? [closed]

it about aircraft navigation system (ILS), when the aircraft about to landing but unfortunately the glideslope beacon being removed.
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4answers
3k views

Why did air traffic levels decrease dramatically in the US through the 2000s?

In 2015, the FAA stated that System-wide, air traffic has declined by 24 percent since peak year 2000. The chart in Figure 1.1 shows that air traffic volume is not expected to return to peak ...
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2answers
165 views

When is an aircraft considered dispatched?

When is an aircraft considered to be dispatched? Before an aircraft is dispatched certain pieces of equipment must be operational on an aircraft. If some equipment is found to be inoperative, a ...
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2answers
3k views

Why do pilots wait for a positive rate to put the gear up, When V1 means “commit to takeoff”?

To explain further, V1 means they cannot stop in time if anything happens. Therefore they must commit to taking off. So why wait for a positive rate? Shouldn’t it be retracted as soon as they see a ...
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6answers
8k views

Why do pilots do walkaround inspections for regularly scheduled commercial flights instead of aircraft mechanics?

If the airline has personnel to maintain the aircraft, wouldn't it be more cost effective to have them inspect the aircraft before flight rather than have the captain or first officer do it? Is it ...
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4answers
449 views

Can an airline lay off its flight attendants and use pilots to fill the role?

IcelandAir recently announced that it will be laying off its entire flight attendant staff, and plans to have pilots fill the role in the meantime. Can an airline lay off its flight attendants and ...
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5answers
12k views

Why do airlines retire the flight number after a crash?

Perhaps it seems obvious, but I couldn't find a plausible reason why they do so other than that it evokes negative emotions among passengers and crew. Could there be other reasons to do so? For ...
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1answer
3k views

How do airline pilots contact their company while in the air?

Sometimes airline pilots need to get in touch with their company while in the air, for example diagnosing cautionary messages or reporting a diversion. By what means is the communication channel ...
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6answers
27k views

How much does it cost to give an airliner a fresh coat of paint?

Just a random thought I had: the weather gives a jet's paint job a battering; meaning they need to be resprayed approximately once every 5-10 years. (See How often is a passenger jet aircraft painted?)...
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1answer
90 views

What is meant by these criteria for a stabilized approach? [closed]

Based on regulation, there are several criteria for when an approach is stabilized. I want to ask: Only small changes in heading/pitch. How small? The aircraft is in correct landing configuration. ...
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1answer
233 views

What year did the seat belt sign come in to use?

What year did commercial airlines start using a lighted seat belt sign?
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4answers
2k views

Why are combi airliners no longer being built?

Why are combi airliners no longer being built? Is the reason structural, economic or regulatory?
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1answer
126 views

Do pilots eat the same food as passengers? [duplicate]

I imagine it might be hard to find a time when pilots can eat, but when they do, what do they eat?
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1answer
110 views

How long does it take for an airline to establish a new international destination/route?

This post discusses the process of opening a new route. I wonder how long does it take for an airline to get permission to fly a new route. I am interested on this because, say an airline goes bust ...
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5answers
327 views

Can a company be both an airplane manufacturer and an airline?

It may be advantageous for a company that manufactures its own aircraft to also be an airline. For example, the airline business would likely have reduced maintenance and parts costs relative to other ...
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1answer
277 views

How should ground crews act to safely extinguish an airliner's brake unit fire?

When the brake unit was overheated and had just begun to catch fire due to excessive braking because of long taxi distance upon arrival, the ground personnel (not firefighters) made the first ...

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