Questions tagged [airline-operations]

Refers to questions asking about airline practices, procedures, and processes both in the employment arena and in flight.

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2answers
1k views

Why do pilots wait for a positive rate to put the gear up, When V1 means “commit to takeoff”?

To explain further, V1 means they cannot stop in time if anything happens. Therefore they must commit to taking off. So why wait for a positive rate? Shouldn’t it be retracted as soon as they see a ...
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6answers
8k views

Why do pilots do walkaround inspections for regularly scheduled commercial flights instead of aircraft mechanics?

If the airline has personnel to maintain the aircraft, wouldn't it be more cost effective to have them inspect the aircraft before flight rather than have the captain or first officer do it? Is it ...
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4answers
390 views

Can an airline lay off its flight attendants and use pilots to fill the role?

IcelandAir recently announced that it will be laying off its entire flight attendant staff, and plans to have pilots fill the role in the meantime. Can an airline lay off its flight attendants and ...
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5answers
12k views

Why do airlines retire the flight number after a crash?

Perhaps it seems obvious, but I couldn't find a plausible reason why they do so other than that it evokes negative emotions among passengers and crew. Could there be other reasons to do so? For ...
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1answer
3k views

How do airline pilots contact their company while in the air?

Sometimes airline pilots need to get in touch with their company while in the air, for example diagnosing cautionary messages or reporting a diversion. By what means is the communication channel ...
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1answer
367 views

How are crews managed after a diversion (far from hub)?

While reading one of the reports of flight diversion, I started thinking about how airlines manage aftermath of the diversion especially for long haul transatlantic flights. Many of the reports say ...
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6answers
26k views

How much does it cost to give an airliner a fresh coat of paint?

Just a random thought I had: the weather gives a jet's paint job a battering; meaning they need to be resprayed approximately once every 5-10 years. (See How often is a passenger jet aircraft painted?)...
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1answer
82 views

What is meant by these criteria for a stabilized approach? [closed]

Based on regulation, there are several criteria for when an approach is stabilized. I want to ask: Only small changes in heading/pitch. How small? The aircraft is in correct landing configuration. ...
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1answer
217 views

What year did the seat belt sign come in to use?

What year did commercial airlines start using a lighted seat belt sign?
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4answers
2k views

Why are combi airliners no longer being built?

Why are combi airliners no longer being built? Is the reason structural, economic or regulatory?
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1answer
105 views

Do pilots eat the same food as passengers? [duplicate]

I imagine it might be hard to find a time when pilots can eat, but when they do, what do they eat?
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1answer
86 views

How long does it take for an airline to establish a new international destination/route?

This post discusses the process of opening a new route. I wonder how long does it take for an airline to get permission to fly a new route. I am interested on this because, say an airline goes bust ...
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5answers
264 views

Can a company be both an airplane manufacturer and an airline?

It may be advantageous for a company that manufactures its own aircraft to also be an airline. For example, the airline business would likely have reduced maintenance and parts costs relative to other ...
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1answer
234 views

How should ground crews act to safely extinguish an airliner's brake unit fire?

When the brake unit was overheated and had just begun to catch fire due to excessive braking because of long taxi distance upon arrival, the ground personnel (not firefighters) made the first ...
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10answers
31k views

Why are there no “sleeper” planes?

On a recent long-haul flight I sat by the windows and was dreaming away staring into infinity out of the window. Then a thought came up, in Asia sleeping busses are very common. This made me think, ...
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1answer
242 views

Are old illegal air transfer methods still feasible today? [closed]

A retired soldier told me he used to know people who smuggled jewelries, hard drugs, guns and even people from middle eastern countries to Europe, specifically, Germany! Via planes! In fact, he said ...
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2answers
266 views

How do people smuggle stuff with private airplanes? [closed]

I get it, the question seems as if I'm reaching out for answers from experienced smugglers! But no. As a matter of fact, I'm trying to get answers on air surveillance & security. Love it or hate ...
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2answers
388 views

Could improper deplaning of a flight with full fuel tanks cause the plane to tip?

Reading this article regarding an Alaska Airlines 737 Flight that had to turn around back to the gate. There was a following statement: At the gate, passengers were unloaded five rows at a time, to ...
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3answers
4k views

Why do certain airlines give names to their aircraft?

That is the case for aircraft operated by e.g. KLM. Some aircraft are named after birds, some after cities. Is that common for other airlines as well or something that only KLM does?
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4answers
36k views

Is flying during the day safer than flying at night?

Is there any correlation between night or day flight time and rate of accidents? To me it seems that there should not be a difference. If an airplane needs to execute an emergency landing, it has to ...
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1answer
161 views

Covid-19 - Why are there still a lot of international flights? [closed]

I hope this question is relevent to Aviation. If not, please let me know. Below is a snapshot from Flightradar24. While there are far less flights than usual, there are still a lot of flights en-route....
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2answers
370 views

Could the toilet be used as an extra passenger seat?

In the US, if the toilet had a seat belt, would it be legal for an airline to board one more passenger than the number of normal passenger seats, requiring that whoever used the toilet last must ...
13
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1answer
2k views

What is an airliner's “green dot speed”, and how does it vary with weight, and why?

A related question told us, quoting from an Airbus performance manual, Green dot speed (minimum gradient) is a function of weight. Comments under the question stated that the "green dot speed" ...
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2answers
275 views

Can all airborne aircraft be stored at their origin or destination airport?

With the progressing outbreak of the Corona Virus the IATA has recently changed its predictions about the losses to be suffered by the aviation industry The losses originate from the reduced number ...
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1answer
285 views

How much time does it takes to buy a landing slot?

According to Wikipedia, landing slots are sold for several million dollars at busy airports such as London Heathrow. Given this high value, such transactions may take weeks to conclude. Moreover, some ...
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1answer
218 views

What happens when an airplane is retired? [duplicate]

With launch of new models every few years, what happens to the older airplanes which was in service for more than decades? Where does it get stored. Who buys old airplanes? Does manufacturers buys ...
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2answers
347 views

How do airlines bring spare parts to aircraft stranded outside their main facilities?

No professional relationship with aviation. Just an avid follower. I guess it depends on location/part availability, etc, but looking for what typically happens. For the purpose of the question, ...
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1answer
141 views

What operational aspects of Alphabet's Wing drone delivery service will be the same as that of an airline?

The NPR News article and podcast FAA Certifies Google's Wing Drone Delivery Company To Operate As An Airline begins with: The Federal Aviation Administration has certified Alphabet's Wing Aviation to ...
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0answers
90 views

FAA's handbook, “in the middle of instrument”means where in this page?And is there anything wrong in ths page that I can correct?

Excuse me, does anyone know how to correct this page. My English and knowledge of aircraft is not well. this is one of FAA's handbook, "Instrument Flying Handbook" and its "Instrument Flying Handbook ...
3
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1answer
358 views

What is the two-person cockpit rule, as of February 2020?

In the comments to the accepted answer on this question, there is some conflicting information about the current regulations around the 2 person cockpit rule. I was under the impression that there ...
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2answers
2k views

Does the NTSB and other investigative agencies charge airlines for investigations?

Does an airline have to pay the investigation team? For example the NTSB? And if Boeing or Airbus participate in the investigation, do they also charge the airlines?
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1answer
412 views

Who opens an airliner's door first after it lands?

I know this is a trivial question, but since I always sit near the back of the plane, I can't see what happens up in the front. Whose responsibility is it to open the cabin door once the aircraft has ...
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2answers
20k views

Is there a particular reason that EasyJet uses U2 as their code?

Does anyone know why EasyJet uses U2 as the prefix for flight numbers? Other airlines have more logical prefixes. Eg. KL -> KLM, AZ -> Alitalia, BA-> British Airways, etc. Even though they do not ...
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0answers
80 views

Is there a minimum amount of time an airline has to leave between using two identical callsigns?

Does anyone know if there is a minimum time that an airline has to leave before reusing the same callsign? I have noticed that airlines reuse callsigns, they usually leave a day or two between ...
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2answers
4k views

Why would a diverted airline flight return to its departure airport rather than land at the nearest one?

The Vueling flight VY2119 Barcelona-Malaga yesterday (see flightradar) got diverted 50 min into the flight. The nearest airport then was Valencia, but they chose to turn around and fly all the way ...
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1answer
264 views

How does an airline decide on an engine?

How does an airline, when buying aircrafts, decide on which engine to use? In many cases, although there are several options to choose from, the engines do not differ much in their operating ...
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2answers
4k views

Is there a penalty for changing the approach procedure after accepting one?

For example: If you request a visual approach and get approved, but you meant to request an ILS approach, are you not allowed to change it? Is there some type of penalty for changing approaches after ...
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9answers
8k views

Could airliners use a steam or electric powered catapult for take-off?

This would have the obvious benefits: Less runway needed to take-off Fuel savings Faster turn around times for airlines Could this be implemented in busy airports?
4
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1answer
138 views

Do airlines staff extra crew members when disabled persons are check in?

The question "How are disabled passengers evacuated during emergency?" made me wander if minimum crew number required by regulation are enough in case of passengers requiring extra care in case of ...
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0answers
31 views

Is there any agency or meeting, at global level, that rules flight zone interdictions? [duplicate]

Considering the number of conflicts in the world, and the tragic event of the airliner crash over Ukrainia caused by military action, there are a lot of flight interdiction zones on the world. From ...
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5answers
11k views

Why do cargo airlines frequently choose passenger aircraft rather than aircraft designed specifically for cargo?

Cargo airlines are known to regularly use planes designed primarily for passenger travel. Why don't they almost exclusively use aircraft designed specifically for cargo?
31
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4answers
36k views

Why does an airplane captain sit in the left seat?

For almost every airline, the captain sits in the left seat, and the first officer on the right. We know that in most countries right-side traffic and some have left-side. During training, the ...
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3answers
20k views

Why don't airliners use in-air refueling systems?

Right now if an airliner wants to fly a really long distance (eg., a Boeing 787 flying from Seattle to Tokyo), it has to load itself down with lots and lots of fuel, which in turn weighs thousands and ...
25
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5answers
9k views

Are passengers really not allowed to change seats before take-off due to weight and balance?

Just boarded an A320 with many open seats (Spirit), and the flight attendant said we may not change seats until at altitude due to weight and balance. Is he just trying to prevent pax from moving ...
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4answers
14k views

Does the sterile cockpit rule mean flight attendants could not inform the pilots if a passenger is in the lavatory while on final?

Context: I've seen this interesting question just the other day, asking what would pilots do after receiving this information while on final: either go around or continue with the landing. However ...
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1answer
151 views

What does it take from the airlines to be ETOPS certified?

I have been told that the airlines to be certified for ETOPS apart from the aircraft certification, engineering wise it should have some conditions met in order to get the certification and to ...
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1answer
106 views

What, if any, equipment on a commercial airliner is (allowed to be) inoperative most of the time? [closed]

Since airliners are bound by their minimum equipment list, I was wondering, which parts/systems that are not on the minimum equipment list are often inoperative on normal commercial flights.
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0answers
75 views

What is the difference between flight watch and home reserve?

Can anyone explain the difference between 'flight watch' and 'home reserve' with regards to flight and duty periods. This is in regards to a charter operation, where crew members are on standby at ...
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3answers
3k views

Why does the co-pilot sometimes keep a hand on the throttle as well as the pilot?

In this YouTube video of a takeoff and landing in a Dash-8, you can see the pilot, while landing, keeps his right hand on the throttle levers. The co-pilot keeps his left hand at the base of the ...
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1answer
234 views

How do insurers apportion responsibility when airliners collide on runways or taxiways?

Here's an ATC recording of Virgin and Egyptair aircraft clipping wings at JFK. Generally, what happens next with regard to sorting out responsibility after a low-speed collision that results in ...

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