Questions tagged [airline-operations]

Refers to questions asking about airline practices, procedures, and processes both in the employment arena and in flight.

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Is "Aviate, Navigate, Communicate" legal in Part 121 operations?

14 CFR § 121.557(c) says in part, (emphasis added) Whenever a pilot in command... exercises emergency authority, he shall keep the appropriate ATC facility and dispatch centers fully informed of the ...
Someone's user avatar
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Why was the rate of part 121 LPV equipage projected to be so low, and has that projection come true?

On page 10 of the FAA's 2016 PBN Navigation Strategy document, found here, the USA part 121 fleet is very thoroughly equipped with RNAV capability....except for LPV. Similarly, the FAA predicted that ...
Steve V.'s user avatar
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Typical maximum airliner throttle settings during taxi

What is the typical maximum throttle setting during taxi of a big airliner, e.g., A350, B777, etc.? Thank you. Fabián
Fabian's user avatar
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2 answers
133 views

Are squawk codes linked with flight info such as route and flight data?

So squawk codes are given to an aircraft prior to departure. We know that if the pilot inputs the wrong code, the data will not show up. So are squawk codes linked via computer to the aircraft’s ...
Boeing787's user avatar
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20 votes
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Lufthansa making short flights MUC→LEJ→PRG→VIE→MUC with A380s

Today I noticed a Lufthansa A380 taking off from Prague and … flying to Vienna. And the FlightRadar track looks like it didn't even stop here. It starts with the plane turning off the runway at the ...
Jan Hudec's user avatar
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1 answer
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Are auxiliary fuel tanks optional on the Boeing 737 Max 9?

Does the Boeing 737 Max 9 have auxiliary fuel tanks like the Boeing 737-900ER? And have any airlines ordered them without if optional?
Tylerb's user avatar
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What is the EOBT validity period, if any, for non-CDM airports?

The validity period for the EOBT in CDM compliant airports is +/- 15 minutes from the TOBT. My understanding is that EOBT does not exist in non-CDM airports, so is there any validity period? I assume ...
user38116's user avatar
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Why do the spoilers on the 737 only deploy to the flight detent after a flaps up landing?

Following an all flaps up (no flap) landing, the SPEED BRAKE lever will not move beyond the FLIGHT DETENT and the spoilers will not fully deploy (for reference this is stated in the Fcom 9.20.14 rev ...
Deepak's user avatar
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2 answers
388 views

Has an airline passenger ever in some way prevented a crash?

Have there been any incidents in which an airliner would almost certainly have crashed had a passenger not taken some action (most likely telling a flight attendant that something didn't seem right)?
Someone's user avatar
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Would a passenger on an airliner in an emergency be forced to evacuate?

If a passenger on a part 121 airline flight on an N-registered aircraft refuses to evacuate (or insists on evacuating last, to avoid getting in others' way), would (s)he be forced to evacuate? Assume ...
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Building Hours in a Foreign Country

I currently hold my Commercial Certificate with Instrument. Currently all FAA. Attended ATP Flight School in Texas. I was born in Nicaragua so I can legally work there. I was offered a job to work for ...
Abby B's user avatar
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Are Pitch Attitude and %N1 values for single-engine flight provided in the Boeing 737 Documents, or are pilots required to rely on “rules-of-thumb”?

In the Boeing 737-700/800 Quick Reference Handbook (QRH), the section titled "Performance Inflight - QRH" provides Pitch Attitude and %N1 values for various weights and pressure altitudes ...
tedioustortoise's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
4k views

How can pilots get other pilots' attention without the use of radio

In this video, a pilot makes the embarrassing mistake of announcing the passengers on an active frequency. During the video, other pilots are apparently trying to get his attention by sending some ...
Boeing787's user avatar
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2 votes
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Should the transponder be set to 2000 then STB or STB then 2000?

For Airbus aircraft,after the engines are turned off,we set the transponder squawk code to 2000 and then the mode to STB. Is it mandatory to set transponder 2000 and then STB?Can we set STB and then ...
afanti's user avatar
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1 answer
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Tail Number of a particular plane [duplicate]

How to determine the aircraft tail number on a particular flight, using the flight number. I have been advised there was a bird strike on a plane I was supposed to be on, but air stewards told a ...
Jackie Wilson's user avatar
1 vote
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47 views

Can Obstacle Limitation Surfaces Change over time?

I want to know whether the OLS (Obstacle Limitation Surfaces) around an aerodrome can change over time? I know that if the ground level was altered this would change the limits of each surface. ...
Emmanuella Udofia's user avatar
24 votes
3 answers
5k views

Why did Southwest ask the FAA to ground their flights, rather than doing it themselves?

According to a tweet from the FAA, "Southwest Airlines requested the FAA pause the airline’s departures." Southwest Airlines tweeted We have had to implement a ground stop as a result of ...
Someone's user avatar
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What kind of qualifications would make me eligible to get a ramp operations job in Canada...?

What kind of qualifications would be required for me to be employed as a ramp agent in Canada..?
Christopher Mwngi's user avatar
16 votes
2 answers
4k views

Do airliners have a "switch" or other means of rapidly squawking emergency?

A standard means of informing Air Traffic Control of an emergency situation is to enter the code 7700 into the radar transponder. However, in a situation where the radios are busy and the crew is ...
Michael Hall's user avatar
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Why can some aircraft not fly near the north pole?

The Adiru on the Airbus 320 has an limit like 84°N latitude. What happens if the plane is flown above that latitude?
Deepak's user avatar
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Why Ryanair flies from both Stansted and Luton as they are very close

I am doing a research on my future trip from the United Kingdom to the Republic of Ireland and noticed Ryanair flies from both Luton and Stansted to there. Those two airports are quite close to each ...
Mykola's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why would planes with two autopilots have just one active during cruise?

I know that the plane must have two autopilots for flying approaches, but why have individual buttons for each autopilot? Wouldn't it be easier to have both autopilots work at the same time for the ...
Boeing787's user avatar
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3 votes
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Why did flight AC8823 not land in Washington and why fly to Toronto?

My family and I were in Washington D. C. Reagan airport waiting for the Air Canda 8823 on 14 March 2023 (the aircraft that was supposed to fly us back home to Montreal). I was following the flight on ...
John's user avatar
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Will ADS-B eventually replace TCAS antennas on airliners?

I still seem to confuse myself about ADS-B. Will ADS-B eventually replace TCAS antennas on airliners? Or are those still a relevant part of the ADS-B system? And I guess just to add in, why don't ...
Boeing787's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
179 views

At what height would a pilot apply TOGA during a go around Vs getting simply vectored somewhere else?

If a pilot has to go around Early in a approach, he can simply be vectored to get reestablish. At what point would the pilot decide to apply TOGA other than obviously at minimums?
Boeing787's user avatar
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4 votes
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394 views

How often do airline pilots actually have to avoid other aircraft that ATC did not tell them about at cruise altitude?

I know any pilot flying in VMC, whether under VFR or IFR, must "see and avoid." How often do airline pilots actually "see" and have to "avoid" other traffic at cruise ...
Someone's user avatar
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Why does the order of airline chart and general chart pages in Jeppesen charts differ according to chart types and airports?

Why do the order of airline and normal pages in Jeppesen charts differ according to chart types and airports? For example, although the airline chart comes first and then the general chart in the ILS ...
pilot162's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
485 views

What would be the "minimum" number of flight crews per aircraft in a small low cost airline?

Let's say we own a small company flying 10 airplanes (A32X/B73X/A220/E-Jet) in high density low cost environment. Leaving all other costs outside the equation, What would be the minimum flight crew ...
O'Terror's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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Deviation within an airway

I'm a plane spotter with only general information about air traffic. I'm aware that airplanes can fly only alongside airways. They should fly on the middle of the air routes. However, each airway is ...
Spotter's user avatar
22 votes
2 answers
4k views

Why not use radio to communicate with ramp marshall instead of marshalling signals?

Why don’t we just use radio to communicate with the ramp marshall instead of all the hand signals? They could just say move a little left or right, stop etc instead of learning all the hand signals.
Parth's user avatar
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1 answer
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Why is destination, flight level, and mach number needed in an oceanic clearance?

When getting an oceanic clearance. The aircraft must announce thier destination airport, their intended flight level, and intended mach cruise speed. Why are these necessary?
Boeing787's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
456 views

Commercial Operator vs Air Carrier

What is the difference between a commercial operator and an air carrier? What certificates do you need for both? I saw somewhere online that you need an operating certificate for both air carrier and ...
Maggie Mayfield's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
179 views

Under which circumstances were 727s or 737s used for long-haul flights?

I've been intrigued by the occasional picture of a 727 crossing the Atlantic, like this Air France in Miami from the late 1960s. Under which circumstances would such narrow-body aircrafts (most ...
Tfovid's user avatar
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-2 votes
1 answer
200 views

What is the minimum manpower required for A320 start up airline

Ideally on a A320 aircraft how many captains, first officers and cabin cre would be required for a start up airline accounting for 2 Management Captains, standby, training, sickness, leave, mandatory ...
MAS's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
217 views

Does anything prevent an airline from claiming that a flight cancellation was due to weather, when it was actually for another reason?

American Airlines has a policy that if a flight is cancelled for any reason other than weather, AA will pay for stranded passengers' hotel and meals until the passengers' rebooked flight. If the ...
Chris Martin's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
256 views

How is airline fuel hedging actually done?

When airlines refuel at the airport are they all billed at the same rate on the day? Similar to cars at a gas station? For example if Southwest has hedged and paying a dollar less per gallon than its ...
rainhamtown's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
124 views

What can you do with an ATP that you can’t with an R-ATP?

So I know about the different requirements for an ATP vs R-ATP but I can’t find what you are able to do with a full ATP that you can’t do with an R-ATP
Isaac Myers's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
927 views

Which countries use qfe field pressure?

I heard that acrobatic flight, Russians, Americans use qfe but is it always the case? Also why doesn't everyone use it? Isn't qfe field pressure better than qnh local pressure... Does a pilot ever use ...
Yosef Jabbour's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
937 views

What is "taxi speed" for an Airbus?

In the FCOM we can see a lot of "taxi speed", for example after landing: AT TAXI SPEED, ALL REVERSER LEVERS......STOW But what is taxi speed? Is there any definition or particular number? ...
William Cat's user avatar
-4 votes
1 answer
135 views

What are Market Share, Market Size & yield in aviation network planning? [closed]

I came across the terms Market share, size & yield in aviation network planning. I don't really know what that means, anyone can provide me with a simplified explanation or maybe a reference where ...
the phoenix's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
581 views

What is needed in a plane to fly approach mode?

Do you need anything other than approach mode to be able to have the plane fly the ILS to minimums? Do you need a EFD (glass cokpit) or can it be done with steam gages as well?
Boeing787's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is the difference between Maintenance planning document(MPD) and Maintenance Manual (AMM)?

Could someone explain to a layman, relatively new to Aviation maintenance, the difference between the Maintenance planning document(s) (MPD) and the Maintenance manual (AMM). Is one a subset of the ...
rk0905's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
358 views

Do pilots of modern high-end aircraft normally communicate their destination to ATC?

Do pilots of modern high-end aircraft ever verbally communicate their destination to ATC? My understanding is clearance delivery is done electronically and when listening to ATC I haven't heard any ...
flopper's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
163 views

How does the passenger load impact the direct costs and pricing strategy?

I am sitting at the airport and I was wondering if there is an optimal number of passengers to try to board a plane through an interesting fare. Flying an empty plane is obviously the worst situation: ...
WoJ's user avatar
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-4 votes
1 answer
231 views

Two low flying large planes made bank turn - not on radar [closed]

On Thursday March 10, 2022, at approx. 7:30pm in Monroe, Connecticut, I witnessed two full sized planes following one another extremely low and then make an incredible bank turn. These planes did not ...
Tattoo Kt's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
150 views

What does a dispatcher do if an aircraft can't stay on a NAT route due to a communications failure?

For example, a flight is enroute form from LEJ (Leipzig/Halle Airport, Germany) to MIA (Miami, USA) on a North Atlantic Track (NAT). Now suppose there is an issue with the communication or CPDLC of ...
Xavier Mendes's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
440 views

Since 9/11, for international flights, have any airlines made regular technical stops in the US?

Since 9/11, has any airline had scheduled international passenger flights with a technical stop at any US airport? (A technical stop means all passengers and crew stay on the plane without going ...
StephenS's user avatar
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12 votes
2 answers
4k views

What routes are available for airliners to fly from Europe to Japan without entering Russian airspace?

Under the present circumstances it seems like for an European vector flying above Russian airspace can be dangerous (I don't know if Russian airspace is currently closed). However reaching Japan from ...
Just Curious's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
4k views

Does dual given in an approved AATD/FTD under Part 141 count towards the total sim time allowed for ATP in 61.159(a)(6)?

Reviewing 61.159(a)(6), it mentions that an applicant cannot credit more than 100 hours in simulator towards their total aeronautical experience as long as it was conducted as part of a 141, 142, 121, ...
Jacob Doore's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
855 views

In aircraft ventilation, what is meant by temperature increasing/decreasing for calculating the on-ground threshold?

In an open-circuit configuration, in normal operation, the A320 FCOM states: The open-circuit configuration operates when skin temperature is above the on-ground threshold. On-ground threshold = +12C ...
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