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Questions tagged [aircraft-carrier]

Anything related to the operation of aircraft around carriers: landing, take-off, taxi, storage, etc.

6
votes
1answer
147 views

Are there differences between the runway lighting on a land runway and on an aircraft carrier?

How are the lights on aircraft carriers placed and are there differences to the color/position/number of lights at normal airports?
28
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5answers
6k views

What makes it so hard to land on an aircraft carrier?

I have heard it is very difficult for a pilot to land on a carrier deck. I have read this question but it didn't really give me a sense of the challenges that pilots face. This question lent me ...
0
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2answers
222 views

Is is possible to have an aircraft launched from a submarine or directly from under the water?

Aircraft carriers can be seen all over the world. They are quite visible and need to be well protected among a battle group to operate. At the other end of the spectrum, a modern submarine is nearly ...
2
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2answers
282 views

How do I calculate the required heading for an aircraft carrier with an angled deck to sail into the wind?

The natural wind is from 360 degrees at 10 knots. The desired relative wind down the angled deck is 10 degrees left of the ship’s heading at 30 knots. What heading and speed must the carrier go?
2
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1answer
226 views

What does M mean in A400M Atlas?

Atlas was the guy in Greek mythology that was literally carrying the world/planet in his shoulders. But was does "M" mean? Military? That's a guess, though...
2
votes
3answers
164 views

Carrier VTOL takeoff or not?

In this picture, shown in a recent news article, a "shooter" seems to be giving a "go forward" command to what I believe is a Lockheed-Martin F-35 aircraft already prepped in a VTOL configuration. But ...
6
votes
1answer
592 views

Aircraft Carrier Launches: ABE Checks and Signals

Somehow I got hooked on videos of aircraft carrier flight deck operations, and have been binge-watching over the last couple of days. (Glad it's a long weekend...) I've been able to understand many ...
2
votes
1answer
377 views

Could a P-3 Orion fly off a carrier?

The C-130 has proven itself eminently capable of landing on a carrier. When the S-2 Viking was retired, the Navy didn't really have a good replacement for anti-submarine ops - but anti-sub warfare ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

How much extra weight is added by strengthening a piston-prop fighter for carrier landings?

To land on a carrier, an aircraft must be strong enough to withstand sudden deceleration by the tail hook catching the arresting wire. I think it also requires strengthening the undercarriage to ...
48
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6answers
16k views

Has an airplane ever been launched from a submarine?

Airplanes are routinely launched from ocean going vessels, namely carriers. Missiles are routinely launched from submarines. Has an airplane ever been launched from a submarine? From questions ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

What are the differences between FCLP markings and equipment and the LA on a ship?

Most Naval and Marine Corps Air Stations have these markings on at least one or more of their runways: It’s a Field Carrier Landing Practice (FCLP) area and used to maintain proficiency amongst ...
4
votes
1answer
544 views

Do U.S. aircraft carriers still include a Marine Corps squadron?

When I was in the 3rd Marine Air Wing back in the early 70s, there was one Marine Corps squadron on each navy aircraft carrier, but on some shows I've seen recently (mostly on the Smithsonian Channel) ...
5
votes
1answer
304 views

How big was the F-14 fleet compared to other US carrier-based aircraft in 1981?

Back in the 80's I was away jesting about the F-14 are here to protect the carriers and the carriers to deploy F-14. I know there are a number of other aircraft here for other purposes but I really ...
5
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1answer
196 views

Were there any folding wing biplanes?

Given that several nations had operational carriers by 1920 and biplanes were still in military service, were there any folding wing biplanes? Wikipedia: United States first purpose built aircraft ...
2
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4answers
630 views

In the old days, why didn't aircraft use simpler systems to land on a Carrier?

In the old days (during and before WW2), Carriers used arresting wires to help aircraft land. In fact this is still used today for jet-based carriers, but I want to ask about the old days with piston-...
6
votes
1answer
263 views

What is the three-light indicator on carrier-borne airplanes?

(YouTube) The above three-light forward facing indicator can be seen on most (all?) nose landing gears of carrier-borne aircraft. What is it called? I suspect it relays the angle-of-attack / E-...
12
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5answers
3k views

Why don't fighter jets take off vertically?

I've heard the claim repeated many times that some modern fighter jets have an installed thrust greater than their weight, so theoretically they could accelerate straight up. I've never actually ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the 0-60mph time of an aircraft carrier catapult?

Tesla's new Roadster is giving a 0-60mph time of 1.9 seconds. Truly ludicrous acceleration. I was wondering how a fighter jet released from a steam catapult compares.
0
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2answers
290 views

Are afterburners required to be engaged during catapult launch?

Is it required to engage afterburners during catapult launches from an aircraft carrier? This answer mentions that afterburners are used for night takeoffs as per regulations, but not required during ...
8
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4answers
4k views

Why is an aircraft carrier's arresting cable made from steel?

Steel seems to be what modern aircraft carrier arresting cables are made from. It's strong, provides some elasticity, and serves its purpose well. However, it does need to be changed after every so ...
4
votes
1answer
227 views

Was a point system implemented to train pilots to land on aircraft carriers?

A long while ago a friend of mine told me that early in the history of aircraft carriers, a lot of planes and pilots were lost due to the increased difficulties of landing planes on a moving runway. ...
6
votes
1answer
328 views

Where can I find more information about that glass board in old aircraft carrier operations centers?

When I was a kid, I used to read this comics about aircraft pilots in the 50's, and in the operations center of their aircraft carrier, they had operators using markers on a glass wall to keep track ...
16
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2answers
2k views

Why are these carrier aircraft landing with the canopy open?

I was reading this answer here Aviation.SE, which includes the following video of multiple F7U-3 Cutlasses landing aboard the USS Hancock in 1955 (warning, video includes footage of a fatal rampstrike)...
3
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4answers
2k views

What happens during a carrier take off?

Watching videos of jets taking off from a carrier, it appears the pilot is holding a hand grip as the jet is catapulted along the deck; then there is 'jerk' type motion as the jet leaves the deck with ...
7
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1answer
1k views

Is there a procedure for landing on an aircraft carrier when the tailhook fails to deploy?

When landing on aircraft carriers, a tailhook is used to snag one of the cables on the carrier deck, which slows the aircraft. When the landing gear fails to deploy I have seen it is possible to make ...
22
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6answers
8k views

What are the advantages of the angled flight deck layout used by some aircraft carriers? [duplicate]

I've been flying aircraft carrier approaches in a flight simulator lately and noticed that the carrier has an interesting layout. I have an image below where the landing runway is in red and the ...
17
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4answers
1k views

Which are the largest planes to have operated on an aircraft carrier?

In 1963, the C-130 was tested by the US Navy for air carrier operations. Have there been any other comparable or larger aircraft that have landed and taken off from the deck of an aircraft carrier? ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the feasibility of converting an F-22 to carrier use?

I read that the Navy originally considered to use the ATF(Advanced Tactical Fighter) Programme aircraft (Now known as the F-22) as carrier aircraft but declined to do so when it came out. How feasible ...
17
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3answers
3k views

What's the name and purpose of a barrier raised behind a carrier based jet?

I saw this picture in Wikipedia with a Su-33 jet on carrier deck with some barrier raised from the deck behind the jet tail: What is this barrier for and what's the official term for it?
22
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2answers
4k views

Can a landing aircraft snag multiple wires when landing on an aircraft carrier?

There are 4 arresting wires on an aircraft carrier separated by about 50 feet and usually the pilot tries to snag the 3rd one but he does have the option to snag the first or second one. What ...
11
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1answer
614 views

How do aircraft carriers treat foreign Flight Information Regions?

Aircraft carriers have the right to be anywhere as long as they stick to international waters. But as soon as a plane leaves the deck, that's somebody's FIR. Granted they can fly low, or even know ...
38
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the guy in green showing to the F/A-18E pilot before catapult launch?

In the following frames, you can see a guy in green showing a panel-like device with numbers on it to the pilot of the Super-Hornet that is about to launch from the carrier USS John C. Stennis. What ...
5
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2answers
5k views

What is the benefit of a curved up flight deck?

A Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov has an interesting aspect: the edge of the runway is raised, which “pushes” the plane in the air during the takeoff. Looking at takeoff videos, the curved ...
14
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3answers
4k views

Why do naval jet aircraft need to have strengthened undercarriages?

I've read several times that the navy versions of jet aircraft need to have a strengthened undercarriage. Here is one example, and another. I've always just automatically assumed this was needed ...
18
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9answers
8k views

In case of emergency, is it possible (doable) to land a small propeller-driven aircraft on an aircraft carrier?

I was watching the Disney movie Planes with my younger brother, and one of the characters/planes perform a emergency landing on an aircraft carrier. And that got me thinking... In case of emergency, ...
25
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8answers
9k views

Why is landing on a carrier not handled by a computer?

Landing on a carrier seems like a difficult and risky task for military pilots, especially at night when the carrier should keep low profile and is practically unlit. It seems exactly like a problem ...
8
votes
3answers
399 views

Do carrier-less militaries maintain carrier qualifications on allied boats?

"How do jet fighters get to war?" made me wonder if there was any cross-training for carrier operations between allied nations. While the equipment could be different (see "Do carrier-less militaries ...
9
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2answers
3k views

Do carrier-less militaries retain the equipment for carrier operations?

"How do jet fighters get to war?" made me wonder if aircraft used by the U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps for carrier operations retain their carrier equipment when sold to foreign powers who do not ...
1
vote
2answers
573 views

Why do some aircraft carriers have an upward starting runway? [duplicate]

I noticed that some aircraft carriers have an upward starting runway while others don't. What's the reason for this? What are the advantages of both designs and how come not one of them has prevailed ...
9
votes
1answer
751 views

How does the ski shape of an aircraft carrier deck help for take off?

Why is a ski-shaped deck used on an aircraft carrier for take off? The aircraft needs a particular lift for a particular weight, how does ski assist in take off?
12
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6answers
3k views

Can a small plane be floated off of an aircraft carrier?

Would it be possible to float a small plane (say a Cessna 150) off of the deck of an aircraft carrier without the Cessna achieving any forward motion with respect to the aircraft carrier? If not a ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Has an aircraft carrier ever assisted a civilian passenger flight?

Has an aircraft carrier ever assisted a civilian passenger flight? I am trying to find an example of this. It could be as extreme as a small plane landing on aircraft carrier in an emergency. A ...
6
votes
1answer
612 views

What is done to prevent the tail hook from bouncing off the carrier deck?

At 2:20 of this video, it appears that the tail hook of the F7U-3 bounces off the flight deck a couple of times before catching a wire. Does this still happen with more modern fighters or has ...
44
votes
4answers
12k views

Why are the F/A-18 rudders deflected in opposing directions during takeoff?

Looking at some videos and photos of F/A-18 Hornets and Super Hornets taking off from carriers and from airfields, I recognised that the left rudder is pointing right, and the right rudder pointing ...
6
votes
1answer
864 views

What is the exact responsibility of the Landing Signal Officer on an aircraft carrier?

From Youtube: There are three LSOs apparently working at the same time, providing indications to the pilots: What is the exact role of the LSO? Why three? All of them holding a wave off switch. ...
12
votes
1answer
550 views

How is a meatball calibrated and checked?

The visual glide slope for aircraft landing on a carrier is a stabilized indicator, the "meatball": Source. The slope is about 4° relatively to the horizontal plane, and stabilized because the ...
31
votes
6answers
19k views

What is the procedure for landing on an aircraft carrier?

What is the procedure for landing on an aircraft carrier? How is the checklist different from a regular landing?
6
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1answer
821 views

What is the aircraft loss-rate from Nimitz-class aircraft carriers?

What is the aircraft loss-rate from Nimitz-class carriers? That is, what proportion of sorties result in the loss of the aircraft for reasons other than enemy action? I was prompted to ask this ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the force exerted by the catapult on aircraft carriers?

On aircraft carriers there is a catapult that slingshots aircraft so that they can gain lift on the short carrier deck. I have a few related questions - the first is what is the force exerted / ...