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Questions tagged [aircraft-carrier]

Anything related to the operation of aircraft around carriers: landing, take-off, taxi, storage, etc.

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2
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2answers
249 views

Can an F-16 land on an aircraft carrier, at all?

Looking at the F-16 again, I noticed the tailhook which it seems to have. I know the F-16 is not designed to land on any aircraft carrier, however, if it was between ditching in the ocean and ...
3
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1answer
159 views

Why, on carrier landings, does the Flight Path Marker (FPM) seem to be placed near to the end of the runway?

On most military aircraft landings, the FPM seems to be usually lined up with the start of the runway, either around the numbers or the aiming point, I would asume this to be the same on carriers for ...
5
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4answers
612 views

Straight vs. angled aircraft carrier decks: tradeoffs for rolling takeoff?

I have some questions about modern aircraft carriers and the tradeoffs they make when choosing between straight or angled runways when used with modern jet aircraft for rolling takeoffs. This ...
2
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1answer
236 views

Why does the US Marine Corps fly the Harrier, a VTOL or operationally STOVL aircraft?

The UK flies the Harrier because they have STOBAR carriers, but why does the United States Marine Corps fly the Harrier?
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1answer
327 views

Is it possible to land a 737 on an aircraft carrier? [duplicate]

I have seen a flight simulator (X-Plane 11) video of landing a 737 on an aircraft carrier (and stopped). Is it possible to land a 737 in real life? What is the biggest aircraft that it is possible to ...
9
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1answer
1k views

What's the story behind U-2 flying from aircraft carriers?

This video from the CIA YouTube channel shows U-2 aircraft launching via catapult and trapping with a tailhook: The description only offers this: After stopping U-...
13
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2answers
484 views

How did aircraft in WW2 navigate to the carrier?

How did aircraft in WW2 navigate to the carrier after their mission? I was thinking of something like a beacon installed in the carrier but wouldn't it reveal the location of the carrier itself?
5
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2answers
223 views

Do carrier-borne aircraft pilots count the seconds on the downwind leg of the carrier?

On carrier landing, someone tells me that the pilots need to count several seconds on abeam leg of the landing pattern, in order to land precisely on the flight deck. Is that true? What do we call for ...
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2answers
262 views

Why don't aircraft carriers have multiple sets of arresting wires?

On this answer to this question regarding the merits of angled flightdecks on aircraft carriers, @JanHudec makes this interesting observation: You don't really have "two flight decks". The ...
21
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4answers
8k views

Why are special aircraft used for the carriers in the United States Navy?

Why are aircraft such as the legacy F-14 and now the F/A-18 used by the US Navy carriers? It seems to me that developing a new aircraft from the ground up is very expensive. Is it not possible to ...
29
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6answers
12k views

Can a plane land on an aircraft carrier without support from its crew?

Imagine a scenario where a carrier was dead in the water. No-one inside. Could a plane land on the carrier? What would such a procedure look like potentially?
6
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1answer
192 views

Are there differences between the runway lighting on a land runway and on an aircraft carrier?

How are the lights on aircraft carriers placed and are there differences to the color/position/number of lights at normal airports?
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2answers
335 views

Is is possible to have an aircraft launched from a submarine or directly from under the water?

Aircraft carriers can be seen all over the world. They are quite visible and need to be well protected among a battle group to operate. At the other end of the spectrum, a modern submarine is nearly ...
2
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2answers
410 views

How do I calculate the required heading for an aircraft carrier with an angled deck to sail into the wind?

The natural wind is from 360 degrees at 10 knots. The desired relative wind down the angled deck is 10 degrees left of the ship’s heading at 30 knots. What heading and speed must the carrier go?
2
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3answers
276 views

Carrier VTOL takeoff or not?

In this picture, shown in a recent news article, a "shooter" seems to be giving a "go forward" command to what I believe is a Lockheed-Martin F-35 aircraft already prepped in a VTOL configuration. But ...
2
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1answer
954 views

Could a P-3 Orion fly off a carrier?

The C-130 has proven itself eminently capable of landing on a carrier. When the S-2 Viking was retired, the Navy didn't really have a good replacement for anti-submarine ops - but anti-sub warfare ...
1
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1answer
228 views

How much extra weight is added by strengthening a piston-prop fighter for carrier landings?

To land on a carrier, an aircraft must be strong enough to withstand sudden deceleration by the tail hook catching the arresting wire. I think it also requires strengthening the undercarriage to ...
48
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6answers
16k views

Has an airplane ever been launched from a submarine?

Airplanes are routinely launched from ocean going vessels, namely carriers. Missiles are routinely launched from submarines. Has an airplane ever been launched from a submarine? From questions ...
3
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0answers
170 views

What are the differences between FCLP markings and equipment and the LA on a ship?

Most Naval and Marine Corps Air Stations have these markings on at least one or more of their runways: It’s a Field Carrier Landing Practice (FCLP) area and used to maintain proficiency amongst ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Do U.S. aircraft carriers still include a Marine Corps squadron?

When I was in the 3rd Marine Air Wing back in the early 70s, there was one Marine Corps squadron on each navy aircraft carrier, but on some shows I've seen recently (mostly on the Smithsonian Channel) ...
5
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1answer
377 views

How big was the F-14 fleet compared to other US carrier-based aircraft in 1981?

Back in the 80's I was away jesting about the F-14 are here to protect the carriers and the carriers to deploy F-14. I know there are a number of other aircraft here for other purposes but I really ...
8
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2answers
403 views

Were there any folding wing biplanes?

Given that several nations had operational carriers by 1920 and biplanes were still in military service, were there any folding wing biplanes? Wikipedia: United States first purpose built aircraft ...
6
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1answer
320 views

What is the three-light indicator on carrier-borne airplanes?

(YouTube) The above three-light forward facing indicator can be seen on most (all?) nose landing gears of carrier-borne aircraft. What is it called? I suspect it relays the angle-of-attack / E-...
2
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2answers
590 views

Are afterburners required to be engaged during catapult launch?

Is it required to engage afterburners during catapult launches from an aircraft carrier? This answer mentions that afterburners are used for night takeoffs as per regulations, but not required during ...
4
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1answer
321 views

Was a point system implemented to train pilots to land on aircraft carriers?

A long while ago a friend of mine told me that early in the history of aircraft carriers, a lot of planes and pilots were lost due to the increased difficulties of landing planes on a moving runway. ...
6
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1answer
2k views

Aircraft Carrier Launches: ABE Checks and Signals

Somehow I got hooked on videos of aircraft carrier flight deck operations, and have been binge-watching over the last couple of days. (Glad it's a long weekend...) I've been able to understand many ...
2
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4answers
949 views

In the old days, why didn't aircraft use simpler systems to land on a Carrier?

In the old days (during and before WW2), Carriers used arresting wires to help aircraft land. In fact this is still used today for jet-based carriers, but I want to ask about the old days with piston-...
4
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1answer
8k views

What is the 0-60mph time of an aircraft carrier catapult?

Tesla's new Roadster is giving a 0-60mph time of 1.9 seconds. Truly ludicrous acceleration. I was wondering how a fighter jet released from a steam catapult compares.
4
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4answers
4k views

What happens during a carrier take off?

Watching videos of jets taking off from a carrier, it appears the pilot is holding a hand grip as the jet is catapulted along the deck; then there is 'jerk' type motion as the jet leaves the deck with ...
9
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2answers
3k views

Do carrier-less militaries retain the equipment for carrier operations?

"How do jet fighters get to war?" made me wonder if aircraft used by the U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps for carrier operations retain their carrier equipment when sold to foreign powers who do not ...
9
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3answers
620 views

Do carrier-less militaries maintain carrier qualifications on allied boats?

"How do jet fighters get to war?" made me wonder if there was any cross-training for carrier operations between allied nations. While the equipment could be different (see "Do carrier-less militaries ...
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2answers
880 views

Why do some aircraft carriers have an upward starting runway? [duplicate]

I noticed that some aircraft carriers have an upward starting runway while others don't. What's the reason for this? What are the advantages of both designs and how come not one of them has prevailed ...
7
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1answer
865 views

What is done to prevent the tail hook from bouncing off the carrier deck?

At 2:20 of this video, it appears that the tail hook of the F7U-3 bounces off the flight deck a couple of times before catching a wire. Does this still happen with more modern fighters or has ...
16
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2answers
3k views

Why are these carrier aircraft landing with the canopy open?

I was reading this answer here Aviation.SE, which includes the following video of multiple F7U-3 Cutlasses landing aboard the USS Hancock in 1955 (warning, video includes footage of a fatal rampstrike)...
6
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1answer
356 views

Where can I find more information about that glass board in old aircraft carrier operations centers?

When I was a kid, I used to read this comics about aircraft pilots in the 50's, and in the operations center of their aircraft carrier, they had operators using markers on a glass wall to keep track ...
4
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2answers
977 views

How fast were propeller planes during landing on aircraft carriers during WW2?

I have seen reports of up to 90mph but that seems high?
13
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1answer
731 views

How is a meatball calibrated and checked?

The visual glide slope for aircraft landing on a carrier is a stabilized indicator, the "meatball": Source. The slope is about 4° relatively to the horizontal plane, and stabilized because the ...
6
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1answer
1k views

What is the exact responsibility of the Landing Signal Officer on an aircraft carrier?

From Youtube: There are three LSOs apparently working at the same time, providing indications to the pilots: What is the exact role of the LSO? Why three? All of them holding a wave off switch. ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the aircraft loss-rate from Nimitz-class aircraft carriers?

What is the aircraft loss-rate from Nimitz-class carriers? That is, what proportion of sorties result in the loss of the aircraft for reasons other than enemy action? I was prompted to ask this ...
10
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1answer
5k views

Has an aircraft carrier ever assisted a civilian passenger flight?

Has an aircraft carrier ever assisted a civilian passenger flight? I am trying to find an example of this. It could be as extreme as a small plane landing on aircraft carrier in an emergency. A ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Has an unauthorized civilian ever tried to land on an aircraft carrier?

Has there ever been an attempt by a civilian 'daredevil' to land a plane on a US aircraft carrier? I came across the Red Square Landing and coupled with this video it made me wonder if there was ...
9
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3answers
8k views

What is the benefit of a curved up flight deck?

A Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov has an interesting aspect: the edge of the runway is raised, which “pushes” the plane in the air during the takeoff. Looking at takeoff videos, the curved ...
9
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4answers
5k views

Why is an aircraft carrier's arresting cable made from steel?

Steel seems to be what modern aircraft carrier arresting cables are made from. It's strong, provides some elasticity, and serves its purpose well. However, it does need to be changed after every so ...
18
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1answer
3k views

What is the tailhook on naval aircraft made out of?

What is the tailhook that enable naval aircraft to land on aircraft carriers, it must be made out of a strong metal to not bend or 'snap' under the force of the thrust that the plane is expelling, as ...
6
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1answer
297 views

Where can aircraft carriers carry out air operations?

I'm interested in any military or civil airspace regulations about where aircraft carriers are allowed to launch and retrieve aircraft. For example, are fixed wing aircraft allowed to take off from ...
13
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2answers
2k views

How can an aircraft not fall into the sea after the arresting cable snaps during a carrier landing?

After watching that video, I can't fathom how in the world could the crew save the day. Can someone give the intuition on how did that happen? Unfortunately, I am not in the aviation, but I recall ...
6
votes
1answer
978 views

How does a pilot aim for an aircraft carrier?

This answer suggests the FPV is aimed ahead of the ship. But it doesn't make sense. (Picture from linked answer.) A runway running away at 25 knots, is the same as a stationary runway plus 25 knots ...
12
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1answer
756 views

How do aircraft carriers treat foreign Flight Information Regions?

Aircraft carriers have the right to be anywhere as long as they stick to international waters. But as soon as a plane leaves the deck, that's somebody's FIR. Granted they can fly low, or even know ...
15
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3answers
4k views

Why do naval jet aircraft need to have strengthened undercarriages?

I've read several times that the navy versions of jet aircraft need to have a strengthened undercarriage. Here is one example, and another. I've always just automatically assumed this was needed ...
14
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2answers
1k views

How are naval jets moved around below the deck of a carrier?

There are many kinds of jets on an aircraft carrier. I'm curious how they're moved around below deck. They have to be moved around for storage and to get to and from the large elevator that takes them ...