Linked Questions

37
votes
3answers
9k views

How does an aircraft form wake turbulence?

This question discusses how wake turbulence can affect planes flying in formation. It got me wondering, how do aircraft (the wings in particular) form wake turbulence to begin with? It can't be as ...
32
votes
6answers
8k views

Why do propeller blades not have winglets?

On the first look this question might sound ridiculous and maybe it is. But as propeller blades act by the same physical laws as wings, and winglets reduce the induced drag by quite a bit, then why ...
29
votes
6answers
4k views

Would an 8% reduction in drag outweigh the weight addition from this custom CFD-tested winglet?

I'm writing an essay at school about why there is so much variation in winglet design. I am analysing all the primary types of winglets used today in the aviation industry. I'm constructing them in ...
28
votes
4answers
8k views

Why is it rare for small aircraft to have winglets?

I've noticed that winglets are very rare on small aircraft. I wonder why this is the case. Wouldn't they have the same advantages, especially because they travel at low speed? Or is it just a wrong ...
27
votes
5answers
7k views

Would connecting propeller blades with a continuous ring reduce induced drag?

Turbine engines are covered, which of course is to contain the process (just like a super/turbocharged engine is as soon as the air enters the intake). But it got me thinking, doesn't this also reduce ...
26
votes
3answers
3k views

Is wingtip design mature?

There are many wingtip design, all made to reduce vortex related drag, and neither boeing nor airbus seems to prefer one over another. They move from one design to another at each new aircraft, always ...
22
votes
3answers
10k views

Why has the 777x been designed with folding wingtips?

I recently visited the Boeing factory outside Seattle, WA and noted in the distance a new 777x being built with, what looked like very large winglets. However, on closer inspection they're not - the ...
21
votes
3answers
5k views

Why is the use of tail-down force so common?

Why is the use of tail-down force so prevalent in aircraft design? Why not use canards to avoid induced drag?
19
votes
6answers
14k views

Do box-wings suffer from induced drag the same way as normal wings?

Most wings suffer from induced drag due to a pressure difference above and below the wing causing air to sneak around the tip, forming a vortex. There are various methods to minimize these effects, ...
19
votes
5answers
4k views

Why is lift larger than thrust?

It's been a while since I tried to read a little about flight mechanics and aerodynamics, but I remember one question I had back then: Is the thrust of a common passenger aircraft (A320, B737) ...
18
votes
2answers
18k views

How does chord length affect wing design?

In comments on the answer to a question about transonic speeds and control surfaces I came across this comment and I'm having a hard time understanding it. If you increase the chord, lift goes up ...
15
votes
4answers
7k views

How high does the ground effect last?

Up to which height is the ground effect still significant enough to be taken into account? Would this height be sufficient to actually fly above the ground, overcoming at least trivial obstacles like ...
13
votes
4answers
4k views

Why don't horizontal stabilizers have winglets?

Winglets are used to reduce induced drag on the main wings of an aircraft as per explanations on wikipedia. Since they are very effective I was wondering why they are not installed also on horizontal ...
13
votes
2answers
22k views

What is the method to calculate a finite wing's lift from its sectional airfoil shape?

I am struggling to get my head around a concept that I believe should be fairly simple to understand. Lift versus drag and AoA data of many airfoils are freely available, for instance the NACA 4-...
12
votes
2answers
5k views

Why does the Antonov AN-225 not have any winglets?

Winglets provide a lift boost that would be useful to a plane of this size. But the An-255 does not have any winglets. Why is it so?

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