Linked Questions

19
votes
5answers
4k views

Why is lift larger than thrust?

It's been a while since I tried to read a little about flight mechanics and aerodynamics, but I remember one question I had back then: Is the thrust of a common passenger aircraft (A320, B737) ...
19
votes
6answers
14k views

Do box-wings suffer from induced drag the same way as normal wings?

Most wings suffer from induced drag due to a pressure difference above and below the wing causing air to sneak around the tip, forming a vortex. There are various methods to minimize these effects, ...
37
votes
3answers
9k views

How does an aircraft form wake turbulence?

This question discusses how wake turbulence can affect planes flying in formation. It got me wondering, how do aircraft (the wings in particular) form wake turbulence to begin with? It can't be as ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

Do winglets really improve efficiency and reduce drag? [duplicate]

Below are some pictures of various fixed wing aircraft with winglets. It is widely accepted that these winglets will improve an airplane's performance by reducing drag and therefore improving fuel ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Wings and winglets [duplicate]

Wouldn't a wider wing center section be a better solution than adding winglets? Say adding 5% to the span by increasing the size of the wing box and center section. Like they did when they built that ...
12
votes
2answers
5k views

Why does the Antonov AN-225 not have any winglets?

Winglets provide a lift boost that would be useful to a plane of this size. But the An-255 does not have any winglets. Why is it so?
29
votes
6answers
4k views

Would an 8% reduction in drag outweigh the weight addition from this custom CFD-tested winglet?

I'm writing an essay at school about why there is so much variation in winglet design. I am analysing all the primary types of winglets used today in the aviation industry. I'm constructing them in ...
18
votes
2answers
18k views

How does chord length affect wing design?

In comments on the answer to a question about transonic speeds and control surfaces I came across this comment and I'm having a hard time understanding it. If you increase the chord, lift goes up ...
22
votes
3answers
9k views

Why has the 777x been designed with folding wingtips?

I recently visited the Boeing factory outside Seattle, WA and noted in the distance a new 777x being built with, what looked like very large winglets. However, on closer inspection they're not - the ...
12
votes
2answers
28k views

Why does the B777 have no winglets? Are there any drawbacks to having winglets?

I have googled and noticed that almost every Boeing 777 is not equipped with winglets. Does anybody know the reasons why Boeing did not equip B777s with winglets? Are there any drawbacks to having ...
32
votes
6answers
8k views

Why do propeller blades not have winglets?

On the first look this question might sound ridiculous and maybe it is. But as propeller blades act by the same physical laws as wings, and winglets reduce the induced drag by quite a bit, then why ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

How is drag created from wingtip vortices?

What is the reason for the drag due to wingtip vortices? This question is about (general) performance, but doesn't answer the drag aspect.
0
votes
0answers
536 views

Why don't more airplanes incorporate spiroid winglets? [duplicate]

In typical airplanes, lift induced drag can account for the majority of the overall drag. Why don't more aircraft employ methods to reduce this and specifically why not spiroid winglets? From every ...
21
votes
3answers
5k views

Why is the use of tail-down force so common?

Why is the use of tail-down force so prevalent in aircraft design? Why not use canards to avoid induced drag?
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Why do airfoil's trailing edges point downward?

The trailing edge of and airfoil is mostly pointing downward. Is there any reason for that? Down wash increases drag and down wash is due to the direction of air pointing down. If the trailing edge is ...

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