Linked Questions

4 votes
1 answer
2k views

Does FAR 91.155c apply to class E surface extensions?

Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR) 91.155 says under (c): Except as provided in §91.157, no person may operate an aircraft beneath the ceiling under Visual Flight Rules (VFR) within the lateral ...
1 vote
1 answer
331 views

Do the NPRMs & Final Rules preceding 1993 "alphabet" airspace re-designation indicate that these phrases were meant to exclude Class E "extensions"?

Note-- this question is specifically about the content in the rule-making documents leading up to the September 16 1993 "alphabet" airspace re-designation, which is when the terms "...
4 votes
3 answers
1k views

Does an SVFR clearance extend to Echo surface extensions?

Sec. 91.157 Special VFR weather minimums. (a) Except as provided in appendix D, section 3, of this part, special VFR operations may be conducted under the weather minimums and requirements of this ...
1 vote
4 answers
521 views

When did this content first appear in the "Airspace" entry of the "Legend" section of the Airport/ Facilities directory?

When did language like NOTE: AIRSPACE SVC TIMES INCLUDE ALL ASSOCIATED ARRIVAL EXTENSIONS. Surface area arrival extensions for instrument approach procedures become part of the primary core surface ...
12 votes
5 answers
13k views

Which parts of class E airspace can an ultralight (part 103) fly in without prior ATC authorization?

I'd like to clarify a very specific statement from 14 CFR Part 103: 103.17 OPERATIONS IN CERTAIN AIRSPACE No Person may operate an ultralight vehicle within Class A, Class B, Class C, or Class D ...
0 votes
2 answers
644 views

In the US, how does the distinction between E2 and E3/E4 airspace affect pilots?

In the US, practically speaking, how does the distinction between the E2 and E3/E4 subtypes of Class E airspace affect pilots?
4 votes
3 answers
431 views

Is the official weather report for an airport in Class D airspace controlling for its Class E surface extension?

If the official weather report for an airport for which Class D airspace is designated is showing IMC, is that controlling for a Class E surface extension (designated for that airport)? For example, ...
3 votes
3 answers
3k views

Can I file IFR DIRECT with a non-WAAS GPS?

The AIM 1-1-17 2 (a) states: Aircraft using un-augmented GPS (TSO-C129() or TSO-C196()) for navigation under IFR must be equipped with an alternate approved and operational means of navigation ...
3 votes
1 answer
841 views

What indication has the FAA given that phrases like "surface area of Class E airspace designated for an airport" do or don't include E4 "extensions"?

This question pertains to the airspace of the USA. The dashed magenta shape on the sectional chart around KGUP depicts the horizontal extent of the Class-E-to-surface at KGUP. Inside this perimeter, ...
4 votes
1 answer
306 views

What are the historical precedents of today's E2 and E4 airspace? (US)

What are the historical precedents of today's E2 and E4 airspace? From what previous airspace classes did these airspaces evolve? How do these precedents help us understand the significance of the ...
2 votes
1 answer
445 views

What are all the US airports where E4 "extensions" change to E2 and become part of a larger E2 "surface area" when the tower closes for the night?

Of all the US airports with part-time control towers and with E4 "extensions", in which cases are the airspace definitions written so that the E4 "extensions" change to E2 and become part of a larger ...
6 votes
1 answer
173 views

How universal are air traffic control systems, training and practices?

A commercial pilot, especially in the airline industry, is in a role that is essentially the same as that of a pilot who is employed and was trained in just about any other part of the world. Does ...