Linked Questions

6
votes
3answers
7k views

What is the function of the tail section on a fixed-wing aircraft? [duplicate]

In a generic fixed-wing aircraft like a Cessna, what is the function of the tail section, i.e. the rudder and elevators?
0
votes
0answers
323 views

How does a horizontal tailplane stabilize a cambered airfoil aircraft? [duplicate]

The picture below shows the location and movement of centre of pressure when angle of attack is increased. Consider the aircraft is trimmed at the second airfoil in the picture. Thus the horizontal ...
30
votes
4answers
34k views

How do conventional and T-tails differ?

What design considerations go into the decision between conventional tails and T-tails? Functionally the horizontal stabilizer/stabilator are the same in both cases, providing negative lift, the ...
15
votes
3answers
33k views

Are there advantages when operating with CG near forward or aft limits?

If the center of gravity of an airplane is too far aft, it will become more unstable Iif the CG is too far forward, then drag will increase due to increased angle of attack. But what are the ...
9
votes
4answers
3k views

Do all aircraft need to have horizontal and vertical stabilizers?

Are (or were) there any operational aircraft that don't have horizontal and vertical stabilizers or canards? If so, what's the effect on how they fly?
8
votes
5answers
3k views

Can a plane with 2 sets of shorter wings fly?

I am proposing a plane that has 2 short wings of the same size on either side of the fuselage (two in the front and two in the back). Rather than using the horizontal stabilizer to destroy lift, the ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

How exactly do the Beechcraft 1900's stabilons work?

The Beechcraft 1900, in addition to the usual wings and vertical and horizontal stabilizers, and the extra vertical tail surfaces added for improved directional stability, has a pair of horizontal ...
6
votes
3answers
12k views

Should the pitching moment be up or down?

I had a question regarding the direction of the pitching moment. To make sure we are on the same page, here is what I know so far (please correct me if I am wrong). Lift acts through center of ...
5
votes
1answer
13k views

Where is the best center of gravity?

I'm designing a plane, and I have a question. What is the best place for the center of gravity, relative to the center of lift? I've heard that it's best put just behind the center of lift, but I ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Are there any fly-by-wire airliners with negative or near-neutral pitch stability?

Are any modern commercial airliners with fly-by-wire flight control systems designed with negative or near-neutral pitch stability so that they can take advantage of the capability of such systems to ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Why aren’t there any lifting-canard airliners?

A lifting-canard aircraft, such as the Long-EZ, is an aircraft with the main wing at the back end of the fuselage and a pair of small, highly-loaded canards attached to the forward fuselage; the ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does aircraft stability increase when it transitions from subsonic to supersonic flight?

I am puzzled why would the aircraft be more stable at high speed flight at high altitudes. Given that the Centre or Pressure moves gradually towards the 50% MAC region, once past Mcrit. Has this got ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

How is the centre of lift and centre of gravity misalignment problem solved in Delta wing aircraft?

Since Delta winged aircraft don't have horizontal stabilizers to produce down force, how is that problem solved ?
3
votes
5answers
683 views

Can thrust vectoring be used to enable the use of flaps on tailless delta-winged aircraft?

I'm considering flying wings as well as airplanes with only vertical stabilizer for their compact size, efficiency and high speed. As I can't find a working example of such scheme, theoretical ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

What are the disadvantages of a Tail providing lift? (tandem-wings included)

Most aircraft feature the tailplane configuration, which requires the main wing to provide higher lift than the weight of the plane itself, what seems counterproductive. Few aircraft have featured ...

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