Linked Questions

32
votes
6answers
22k views

How can pilots fly inside a cloud?

I heard that sometime an aircraft fly inside a cloud, and I'm wondering how that works - how clearly can the pilot see while inside the cloud? What if a cloud is "too large"? (Is there a maximum size ...
15
votes
4answers
9k views

What types of air traffic controllers are there?

I've heard of many different types of controllers, but I'm not sure exactly what their responsibilities and interactions are. Here are some examples: En route controllers Approach controllers Ground ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

What ATC entities does a commercial airliner communicate with?

As a private pilot, I am familiar with tower, ground, approach and departure control, but I am aware that there are other entities like clearance, pushback and center. If I were flying a commercial ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

How does handover between Air Traffic Controllers work?

I have a questions about air traffic control. I understand how the controllers monitor and direct aircraft on their intended routes while maintaining clearance distances to other aircraft and ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How can an ATC choose the right flight level and heading for airplanes?

I don't understand how air traffic controllers can choose the right flight level and heading for airplane when they are in the sky or they're approaching the airport to land.
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Which channels to listen to on liveatc concerning arriving flights?

For fun, I decided to watch arriving aircraft to airports on flightradar24. Now, what I'd like to do also is simultaneously listen to ATC traffic concerning these incoming flights. I've found Liveatc....
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How does air traffic control communicate with an aircraft?

I have a question on voice/data communication between air traffic control and an aircraft. I read somewhere that control communicates with an aircraft directly, through a direct radio link, while it'...
8
votes
1answer
587 views

Can multiple airfields be in the same airspace?

After reading this answer that a restricted airport caused a strange cutout in Class B, I am wondering if it possible that there are multiple airfields in the same airspace? If yes, then: Which ATC ...
5
votes
1answer
524 views

What are the ways to perform air traffic control on long distance flights? [closed]

I have a few questions on air traffic control. From my understanding, there are three major ways of sending control messages to an aircraft: 1) Direct radio link from control as long as the aircraft ...
1
vote
1answer
630 views

Are any online resources available for ATC recordings?

liveatc.net is available, but the voice quality on there, I am given to understand, does not represent the quality of voice available to someone actually sitting in an ATC tower. So I am looking for a ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

How are the TRACON location IDs determined?

Most of the TRACONs in the US are colocated with a control tower. The location IDs of these match their airport IDs, which makes sense. There are also several TRACONs that are not located at a ...