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### What are the relative efficiencies of the various stages of a counter rotating propeller?

After going through the CFD results of a drone project I am involved in, I noticed that the data shows significantly increased (+10%) thrust generation at the second stage of a counter-rotating, 2-...
766 views

### Is the purpose of variable pitch propellers to maintain an optimal angle of attack?

I recently had a discussion with an aviation expert, who works as a Flight Instructor, about constant speed propellers - variable pitch propellers - on light piston aircraft. I have always known that ...
752 views

### What is compressibility drag?

I don't mean wave drag here. What is compressibility drag, which is understood to be a form of miscellaneous drag?
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### How are the Tupolev Tu-95's blades shaped?

The Tupolev Tu-95 "Bear" seems like an awfully cool piece of innovation with its unusual contra-rotating supersonic-tipped props. From what I've been reading it sounds like it's been the only mass ...
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### Is 1 propeller always more efficient than 2?

Based on other answers I've read here (1) (2) (3), a single large blade propeller is the most efficient type of thrust you can get. There are 2 reasons for this (as I understand it). Firstly, ...
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### How does blade solidity ratio relate to thrust/power/torque of a propeller?

for quite some time I was using ABBOTT formula for static thrust estimation on a two-bladed propellers: $$T=6.8\times10^{-5}\times D^{3}\times p\times RPM^{2}$$ $T$ is Static Thrust (N); $D$ is ...
4k views

### Why are the top speeds for jet engines higher than for propellers?

I realize turbines are more efficient than piston engines, but if that were true, then why don't turbo-props reach jet speeds?
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### Which are typical rpm values for aeronautical turbines?

I wonder which of these has higher or lower rotational speed: turboshaft turbofan turbojet turboprop Does anybody know the typical speeds for these kind of engines?
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### Why do turbofan blade tips exceed the speed of sound while prop tips should not?

It seems that the tips of the fan of a turbofan engine can and do break the sound barrier: The GE-90 has a fan diameter of 3124 mm and a rotational speed of 3475 RPM. Their circumferential velocity ...
17k views

### Do helicopter rotor tips regularly go supersonic?

In my question about helicopter noise, I made the assumption that one reason they are so darn noisy is that the main rotor tips go faster than the speed of sound. @FreeMan questioned whether that was ...
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### How is the D8 Double Bubble aircraft by NASA so efficient?

How does the 'double bubble' fuselage cross-section of the "Double Bubble D8" aircraft (developed by MIT for NASA) help improve overall efficiency by around 70%? Image credit: NASA/MIT/Aurora Flight ...
5k views

### For an electric airplane are propellers the only option for propulsion?

This is for an electric airplane (so no fuels for combustion): Are propellers the only option? Is there a turbine-jet possible with only air intake, electrically compress, and a turbine and nozzle ...