To the nearest tenth of a degree--
The final pitch attitude is 37.8 degrees.
The final bank angle is 39.1 degrees.
The heading change is 26.6 degrees.
How the results were obtained: thinking about how a spherical attitude indicator of the type described in this question would move during the maneuver, I realized that portion of the problem involving a rotation about the aircraft's pitch axis only, was analogous to a navigational problem involving a great circle route.1
So I found an on-line great-circle calculator.
I entered "0 degrees" for the initial latitude and longitude.
I played around with the final latitude and longitude until I had a value of 30 degrees for the initial heading, and a value of (45/360) of the earth's circumference, or 3110 statue miles2, for the spherical distance.
The final latitude is the final pitch attitude, and the final longitude is the change in heading, and the final course is the final bank angle.
For anyone wanting to replicate these results, the exact values I entered for the final latitude and longitude were 37.77 degrees N and 36.57 degrees E.
Since I haven't reversed-engineered the great circle calculator, I can't state the actual formulae used in the calculator. However, I've noticed that the results are identical to those given by the formulae in another answer (this one). I independently derived formulae based on geometry similar to (actually a mirror-image of)3 the geometry illustrated in that answer, and came up with--
delta pitch attitude = arcsin (sin (pitch rotation angle) * cosin (initial bank angle))
delta heading = arctan (tan (pitch rotation angle) * sin (initial bank angle))
(no formula derived for final bank angle)4
These formulae give the same results as those given by the formulae given in that answer, and also as those given by the great circle calculator.
Readers trying to understand the how the great circle problem relates to the current question, might find it helpful to imagine the aircraft being located inside of a transparent sphere, with a beam of light shining forward to trace a path on the surface of the sphere as the aircraft changes attitude. The movement of the resulting dot of light could either represent the movement of the "pipper" or index dot in relation to the surface of a (spherical) attitude indicator, or could represent the movement of a vessel along a great circle route.
These calculations use a value of 24,880 statute miles for the earth's circumference, which is the average of the circumference around the poles and the circumference around the equator. According to Wikipedia, "Earth's circumference is the distance around Earth. Measured around the Equator, it is 40,075.017 km (24,901.461 mi). Measured around the poles, the circumference is 40,007.863 km (24,859.734 mi)."
In my diagrams, the pitch angle was upward above the horizon, not downward below the horizon. But since the diagrams are mirror-images of each other, the resulting formulae are unchanged. Note that which leg of the triangle should be taken to represent the "flight path", depends on whether the aircraft is envisioned to be flying at a constant altitude with a non-zero angle-of-attack (as measured from the fuselage or longitudinal axis), or is envisioned to be rotating about the pitch axis and climbing while maintaining a zero angle-of-attack (as measured from the fuselage or longitudinal axis). The same basic geometry applies in either case.
As I was doing the derivation, I had the impression that the geometry modeled by these formulae assumed that the aircraft rolled as needed to hold the bank angle constant at the initial bank angle as the aircraft rotated about the pitch axis, but it now appears that that is not actually the case.