Based on my experience with jet transport aircraft, thrust reverser levers can only be engaged after reducing the throttle to idle. Do any jet-powered aircraft exist that can engage the levers at power settings above idle?
There are no commercial aviation aircraft that are made this way. There are physical locks inside the throttle levers that make it impossible to raise the reverse thrust lever if the throttle lever is forward of idle.
Now, you say "any"...that's pretty broad. I'm not going to say there's never been some obscure, weird airplane no one's ever heard of that might have been designed like you're saying, but it's hard to imagine why any manufacturer, civilian or military, would think this would be a good idea.
The source is my own experience. I am personally familiar with a wide variety of commercial jet aircraft spanning several decades of flying them, and no manufacturer designs TRs like this. Just the opposite: just having a TR become unlocked when it isn't supposed to is a problem that requires immediate attention. If the TR actually deploys, the engine will be commanded to idle by the EEC; in some older designs before EECs, the throttle would actually slam back to idle.
This question was already answered here almost 9 years ago anyway.