No. Jet engines do not stall easily. It's difficult even for a fire crew to shut down an engine. Turbines burn very lean, so jet exhaust has plenty of oxygen in it. It will not stall an engine.
Afterburner exhaust might be an issue due to the heat and might affect engine operation, if the fighter gets very close. Dumping fuel could also be destructive. Either way, disrupting a plane that's flying so close is unreasonably dangerous to both aircraft.
Even if briefly stalled, the engine can be restarted. There's no reliable way to physically force a landing without risking destruction of the target.
That said, it's not necessary. Fighter escort is a well-known way to land uncooperative aircraft.
Threats don't work well on the ground, because the perp can slip away, or can be impaired by emotions or substances. Thus, less-lethal weapons. But there's no hiding in the air. And if you can land a jet, you can comprehend "Land or be shot down".
These threats are not idle. Passenger jets have been shot down, by accident or intent, even before 9/11. Fighter pilots do usually ask for a second confirmation of the shootdown order, but once confirmed, they carry it out. Ethical deliberations aren't their job.
So offending airplanes are forced to land through a threat of deadly force, which works just as well.