We were informed a neighbor is planning a 2800 ft. X 150 ft. asphalt "air park" on property behind our home. The end of the runway is to be 360’ from our bedroom windows. As our home is in the curve of the road, neighbors on either side will be even closer to the end, just not under direct fire from planes taking off & landing. She is planning 4 Cessnas (no ideas on the model #), with amateur pilots. The wooded property was zoned “restricted residential”, but the change slipped thru the zoning board without neighbors on all four sides being notified & given an opportunity to voice opinions. Obviously we are worried about the safety of our home & those of our neighbors in a “crash zone”. Does the FAA have jurisdiction over such strips?
The FAA does have some control over the establishment of a "Private Use" airport in that certain regulations must be complied with prior to the work on the airport beginning. This is required so, among other things, an FAA "determination" can be issued as follows:
- No Objection; or
- Conditional; or
Source: § 157.7 FAA determinations.
Ultimately, these determinations are "advisory" but the FAA determination would likely have an effect on the availability and cost of insurance coverage for the entity building the airport and perhaps other issues that need to be considered by the local authorities.
A full reading of 14 CFR Part 157 is helpful in understanding the level of FAA involvement in the construction and development of a "Private Use" airport.
Below is some specific information regarding the construction and development of a "Private Use" airport.
The FAA must be notified if a "Private Use" airport is established. Also, the "Private Use" airport must comply with 14 CFR Part 157, Notice of Construction, Alteration, Activation, and Deactivation.
The source for this information can be found in this "Frequently Asked Questions" FAA document: What procedures must I follow to build a private-use airport?
This document states the following:
What procedures must I follow to build a private-use airport?
The FAA does not have procedures for building a private-use airport, but you may follow the design standards for public-use airports as a general guideline. You can find these standards in Advisory Circular (AC )150/5300-13, Airport Design. You can also find additional ACs that may be useful on our website.
You must notify us if you establish a new private use airport. Private-use airports must comply with 14 CFR Part 157, Notice of Construction, Alteration, Activation, and Deactivation. Part 157 applies if you are proposing to construct, alter, activate, or deactivate a civil or joint use (civil/military) airport or alter the status or use of the airport. To notify the FAA, complete FAA Form 7480-1, Notice of Landing Area Proposal , and send it to your nearest FAA Airports office.
IMPORTANT: Even if you file a notice with the FAA, you must separately notify your state aviation agency and also comply with any local law, ordinance, or state and federal regulations.
(emphasis is mine)