"Galloping" seems to be synonymous with the aviation term "flutter", which is a (potentially disasterous) reinforced harmonic oscillation of an aircraft component, such as an aileron. "Buffeting" is usually applied to a the felt effects of turbulent airflow on a surface, such as a pre-stall warning buffet.
Turbulent flow can be random or rhythmic. It is the rhythmic pattern, in conjunction with the natural vibrating frequency of the trailing object, that can cause the "flutter".
The "galloping" term seems to be used more frequently in other engineering pursuits, such as power line transmission cables, bridges, and off-shore moorings because the frequency of a very long cable will be much slower than the "buzz" of an aircraft flutter.