Convair worked very hard to develop a light multiservice aircraft with STOL capabilities. The short wingspan does not appear "normal" in proportion because prop wash and high lift devices were used extensively to improve lift. Power on, the wing lived in a higher airspeed environment than the tail (lift is proportional to V$^2$). The model 48 was designed to carry a variety of armaments and was even tested (with scale models) to be fitted with floats.
No doubt the oversized tail was added as a safety measure to allow for a very wide safe CG range in much the same manner cargo aircraft such as the C-130 Hercules.
The Charger was reputed to be harder to control and the only prototype crashed, ending the program before further development and refinement was possible. It's "blown wing" concept echoed today's multi-electric motor proposals, but the more conventional, easier handling OV-10 won the day.