Not sure if this particular question fits more on Aviation or Politics.
I am following the international situation these days and sometimes I watch a bit of live Flightradar.
Today en route to Kabul I stumbled upon this anonymous Boeing 737 BBJ that apparently has no registration number, etc, but looks like having departed from Amman to Kabul.
The map shows that the pilot really wanted to avoid certain territories like hell. I know that air routes are (more than) often dictated by political relationships. I also knew that Israeli flights have to take considerable detours when flying over unfriendly countries, especially before the agreements with the UAE.
A direct route involves flying through Iraq and Iran. Clearly, we can all see these days that all flights not to/from Afghanistan are avoiding it, but what about other countries in the Middle East area? I see a lot of traffic over the skies of these territories.
What could bring the pilot so far from the shortest/cheapest route?