High performance aircraft (e.g. Airbus, Boeing, Gulfstream, etc.) will generally climb out at a specific IAS limited and based on regulatory requirements, altitude, and max efficiency (fuel/performance). Once the aircraft reaches a specific mach number (ratio to speed of sound, such as .78 or .82, etc.) as the climb continues the crew will continue operating at that Mach number instead of IAS. The indicated Mach speed will provide for the best fuel and performance based on the type of aircraft (based on company requirements or manufacturers' information). For example an older B737 may cruise at .76 Mach and a B757 may cruise at .80 Mach.
The higher the aircraft goes maintaining the same Mach speed, the lower the IAS will be for that Mach speed.
You do get a bigger magnitude benefit TAS vs IAS at 25000 ft vs 3000 ft.
These aerodynamic principles don't fundamentally change with aircraft type (turbocharged, piston, etc). Although much of the information above would not apply to turbocharged or piston aircraft just based on performance limitations.