The uncontrolled airfield where I have my airplane gets foggy in the morning occasionally, but there have been times when there is just a little fog where the AWOS station sits so it reports 1/4 mile visibility and undetermined ceiling, yet the runway farthest from it is clear and there are no clouds. My flight instructor and ground school instructor said you must always comply with the AWOS reported conditions, yet my flight examiner (I just got my private pilot license) said a pilot can overrule the automated station if it is clearly wrong. Machines can break and are limited to where their position is. FAR 91.155 talks about visibility, but doesn't mention how it is determined. Flight visibility is determined by the pilot, so I interpret this to mean he can overrule the AWOS if it is clearly wrong.
(d) Except as provided in §91.157 of this part, no person may take off or land an aircraft, or enter the traffic pattern of an airport, under VFR, within the lateral boundaries of the surface areas of Class B, Class C, Class D, or Class E airspace designated for an airport—
(1) Unless ground visibility at that airport is at least 3 statute miles; or
(2) If ground visibility is not reported at that airport, unless flight visibility during landing or takeoff, or while operating in the traffic pattern is at least 3 statute miles.
(e) For the purpose of this section, an aircraft operating at the base altitude of a Class E airspace area is considered to be within the airspace directly below that area.
Another question about (e), after reading it about 5 times: my airport is class G up to 700 feet, then turns into class E above that. Does (e) mean that if I am at 700 feet AGL, I am still in class G? Of what significance is this?