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What is the maximum range for a twin-engine aircraft to fly over open water before having the requirement for flotation devices (vests / dinghy) under EASA-rules?

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For landplanes

No flotation devices:

  • Remain within 50 NM from "shore".
  • Unless, takeoff/landing path is over water with a ditching likelihood.

Life-jackets:

  • If takeoff/landing path is over water with a ditching likelihood.
  • Greater than 50 NM from "land suitable for making an emergency landing".

Life-jackets and life rafts:

  • Greater than 100 NM / 30 minutes at cruising speed (whichever is the lesser) from "land suitable for making an emergency landing".
  • Or, for airplanes that are capable of sustaining flight to an "aerodrome" after a critical engine(s) becoming inoperative, then when greater than 400 NM / 120 min at cruising speed (whichever is the lesser) from said aerodrome(s).

Reference and more on equipment: Commission Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 § CAT.IDE.A.285 Flight over water

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