According to the book "Aerodynamics for Naval Aviators", best glide speed AND max range speed for propeller aircraft both occur at L/D max.
This is a little confusing because in an A36 Bonanza Vbg is 110 KIAS and Vmax range has been experimentally calculated by several sources to be about 125 KIAS.
So my explanation for how both of these are L/D Max is that L/D Max is a specific AOA, not a speed.
However, this brings me to my question. Obviously Vbg is power off and Vmax range is power on. Assuming that L/D max is around 6 degrees AOA, with no power the airplane is descending at about 700-1200fpm (depending on prop pitch and other configuration items) at a speed of 110 KIAS. At max range speed the airplane is level at 125 KIAS and presumably also at an AOA of approx 6 degrees.
Something seems off here. Here is what I’m having a hard time correlating: I teach that trim controls AOA, not speed. If the airplane is trimmed for an AOA of 6 degrees, adding or removing power should only change the rate of climb/descent, not the airspeed. Adding power gradually from the power off glide config at 110KIAS will eventually result in level flight AT 110 KIAS. If we wanted 125 KIAS we would have to add power while trimming down (lowering AOA) which means we are not at the same L/D Max AOA at Vmaxxrange that we were at Vbg.
I feel like I’m missing something here, so either one of my assumptions is incorrect, or there is another puzzle piece I’m missing that explains this. If we have to retrim for 125 KIAS level with added power, how can we be at the same l/D max AOA?