A wall-to-wall wing in a windtunnel should best be compared to one in ground effect and not as a segment of an infinite wing. Both are similar since the infinite wing will be infinitely close to the ground, relative to its span.
The opinion that an infinite wing has no induced drag is misleading. When we plot the amount of induced drag over aspect ratio, induced drag will tend to zero for an infinite aspect ratio. But what does that mean in practical terms? That infinite wing also produces infinite lift by pushing an infinite amount of air downwards by a finite amount. Induced drag is still there but becomes insignificant relative to lift.
Better to look at what happens in reality. It is worth to show the picture of the linked answer again here:
Induced drag is the consequence of lift. Lift is the consequence of air flowing around the obstacle that the airfoil poses to the air. While less than in free flight, some downward acceleration of air still happens but is soon stopped by the ground. Therefore, while less than in free flight, some induced drag is still there and will only disappear when the airfoil merges with the bottom of the tunnel.
Now it is crucial to know what induced drag really is. Air is accelerated downwards while flowing over the wing and the reaction force to this acceleration is lift. Since that does not happen instantly but gradually, some of the lift is created in an already downward-bent flow, so the reaction force to this, being perpendicular to the local flow, is pointing slightly backwards. This backward component is induced drag.
The smoke lines look sharp in the left two thirds of the picture but show a diverging pattern in the rightmost third. Since we can see into the windtunnel, we see the full width of the flow. I think the divergence shows the difference between flow lines at the center and near the walls of the windtunnel. The ones at the center are deflected downwards the most while those at the side show less deflection and even an upward component near the bottom. I think this is from the downward movement of the wake in the center section which pushes the flow near the tunnel walls to the side and up. This indicates more lift at the center, less lift near the walls and the beginning of the typical wake rollup.
The ideal of the infinite span wing produces lift instantly and evenly over span because its chord is vanishingly small relative to span. The same cannot be said of the real wing in ground effect.
There is no free lunch. As long as lift is produced, induced drag will be present.