This looks very much like a Formula Student/Formula SAE wing!
The idea of the multi-element wing is for all three elements to act together, rather than as seperate sections. If you look at all of the elements joined together (imagine there are no slot gaps), the suction surface should form a constant curve* which is informally known as the camber line.
The unified camber line produces would produce a huge amount of load if the flow could stay attached to it. Unfortunately it is far too aggressive for the flow to stay attached. By splitting the section into multiple small sections, the boundary layer that has lost a lot of energy are shed, and a new higher energy boundary layer is started.
The last part of the first element, and then each element after it are there to "recover" pressure from the suction peak that should be on the first element where the ground clearance is at a minimum. Therefore the peak (negative) Pressure Coefficient on subsequent elements should always be getting smaller (closer to zero). Note on the third CFD picture, the cutaway 3D wing, there is a pressure spike on the suction surface of the second element that is higher (more suction) than the first element. This means that the first element is not working hard enough, and needs more camber, and the slot gap needs more overlap so that the suction peak on the second element increases the dumping velocity of the first element.
Unfortunately the first design is badly separated on the second and third elements. This is very commonly done by Formula Student Engineers, who chase headline numbers, rather than designing an efficient aero package.
For using a multi-element wing for slow flight airplanes, unfortunately these aggressive designs create lots of load, but also lots of drag. For an F1 car, the drag polar can be anywhere between 3.5 and 5 depending on the configuration. FS/FSAE designs like you have shown are going to have drag polars are in the range of 5~10 for a front wing with the benefit of in-ground effects, and down to 2 for a rear wing!
There is a fantastic paper called High-Lift Aerodynamics by A. M. O. Smith which I highly recommend you take a look at. It takes you through all of the theory and examples of how and why multi-element wings work.
* The curve should actually have small steps in it to give space to the extra mass-flow that comes through the slot gap.