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All 747-100s and some 747-200s were built with just three windows on each side of the upper deck.[1] I'm wondering why so few?

Some of the 100s were retro-fitted with ten windows on each side, so clearly the reason isn't structural; nor do I imagine the cost difference would be relatively very much. It seems connected with the original use of the upper deck as a 'lounge' area, but it seems surprising that you'd want a premium area with very little natural light. On occasion Pan Am seems to have been content with just two windows each side.

Was the three-window configuration purely driven by aesthetics, or were there other considerations by Boeing or the airlines?

747-100 upper deck 3-window Pan Am 747-100 upper deck source

747-200 upper deck 10-window Quantas 747-200 upper deck, 1971 source

Pan Am 747-100s source Pan Am 747s 1969

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  • $\begingroup$ It's like dark tinting on limo windows - You want people to know you're riding first class, but you don't want them to actually know who's in there. $\endgroup$ – FreeMan May 29 at 18:11
  • $\begingroup$ Different customers have different tastes. What sort of actual answer are you looking for? Because unless you are lucky enough that a couple people from Boeing, PanAm and Quantas from that time period frequent this site I don't think you will get anything definitive about why certain stylistic design decisions were made... $\endgroup$ – Michael Hall May 31 at 18:41
  • $\begingroup$ I don’t think very many 747-100s had the 3 windowed upper decks. I think it was changed early on to the ten windowed design. $\endgroup$ – Carlo Felicione May 31 at 19:17
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Early on in the design and development of the aircraft the function of the upper deck changed throughout the early life. Windows are high stress areas and if they can be avoided they typically are. Juan Trippe was a major figure in pushing the 747 into production but during the SST race it was his view that the 747 would largely be a freighter holding the crew on the upper deck. Generally freight aircraft do carry small crews and were likely the original reason for the windows.

Boeing was competing for a supersonic transport contract in 1965, at about the same time the 747 was conceived, and Pan Am founder and chairman Juan Trippe believed that the big subsonic jets would end up as freighters and that the SST would replace the 747 on passenger routes. Trippe was one of Boeing’s best customers and usually the first to order new models, so Boeing put the flight deck of the 747 above the passenger cabin to give the aircraft a hinged nose for a front-loading cargo door.

The original bubble deck was much smaller but created too much drag and was ultimately elongated. This left dead space that Trippe and his team drove Boeing to turn into a lounge/bar akin to the 377 Stratocruiser's area. Bar's rarely have windows on the ground so why have them in the air...

The first design for the cockpit enclosure was a hemispherical hump atop the fuselage. This produced too much drag, so Boeing extended the aft portion of the hump to form a teardrop. Then, in a deliberate echo of the below-deck lounge on the model 377 Stratocruiser, Boeing’s 1940s flagship, Trippe and his colleagues persuaded Boeing to turn the extra space behind the cockpit into a bar and lounge.

It was not until almost a decade after its introduction during the '73 fuel crisis that airliners started using the upper deck for full passenger seating. This likely lead to the later models having full window treatment of the upper level.

The party days ended with the 1973 fuel crisis, when virtually every 747 operator got rid of the lounge and replaced it with more seats for paying passengers. In announcing the change, a British Airways press release noted that the upstairs area was “currently used for a first-class lunge”—the spelling was probably appropriate more often than not

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According to this article:

The first version of the 747, the 747-100, was originally distinguished by an upper deck passenger lounge with just three windows. Later, Boeing offered an option that replaced the lounge with more seats (and additional windows).

As you can see in your first image, the lounge had couches with their back to the fuselage. Most passengers wouldn't be in a position to look out the windows.

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