I read about a Wikipedia article regarding the Soviet Union's Tupolev 114 which was comparable to the time's jetliners, and brought up the question: Did the Soviet Union build any jetliners for commercial use (i.e, airlines, firefighting).

  • 5
    $\begingroup$ I am seriously curious what kind thought process and presumptions could lead to such a question. $\endgroup$ Apr 21 '20 at 4:50

And who can forget the TU-144, the world's first and biggest commercial supersonic transport aircraft.

  • $\begingroup$ industrial espionage on the concorde..and of a much lower quality! $\endgroup$
    – L'aviateur
    Apr 21 '20 at 12:49

Of course. Probably more than any other single country except the US.

Tupolev Tu-104, one of the first jetliners. For a short time, when the Comet was grounded, it was the only jet airliner flying in the world.

Tu-124, its development, the world's first jetliner with turbofan engines.

Tu-134, further development; claimed to be the world's most produced twin jet of this class (80-pax).

Tu-154, a trijet, USSR's most popular airliner. (Similar to B727 or Trident).

Tu-204 was developed in the 1980s and is essentially 'Soviet', but never saw service in the USSR.

Tu-144, of course. Although it first flew a few months before Concorde, it had extremely limited commercial (or better say, 'civil') service.

Ilyushin Il-62, a long-range jet, a relatively rare example of a quad-jet with all engines on the back (similar to Vickers VC10).

Il-86, USSR's first commercial widebody, and its later development Il-96.

Yakovlev Yak-40, a small (30-40 pax) regional trijet, the world's first in its class.

Yak-42, the first Soviet jet with high-bypass turbofan; a trijet smaller than Tu-154.

All these jets (except Tu-144 and 204) were in wide use in the USSR, and most were exported at least to the Eastern Bloc countries and beyond. Of them, only Il-96 and Yak-42 remain in limited commercial use, although more are operated by air forces and government bodies.

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ The question was specifically about jetliners. 90s are not 'Soviet Union'. The only borderline case is Tu-204, which was developed during Soviet times, but never saw service in the USSR. I did miss Tu-144 though. $\endgroup$
    – Zeus
    Apr 21 '20 at 3:57

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.