I mean, if the airports declared that there is a displaced threshold of runway ; and airplanes use this length for landing but how about for takeoff?


1 Answer 1


Can the displaced threshold be used for takeoff?

The part of the runway in front of the displaced threshold must not be used for landing (it can be used from the other direction during roll-out), but it may be used for takeoff:

  1. Displaced Threshold. A displaced threshold is a threshold located at a point on the runway other than the designated beginning of the runway. Displacement of a threshold reduces the length of runway available for landings. The portion of runway behind a displaced threshold is available for takeoffs in either direction and landings from the opposite direction.

Displaced Threshold Markings

(FAA AIM Chapter 2 - Section 3 - Airport Marking Aids and Signs)

This also follows the ICAO definitions in Annex 14, Volume 1, Attachment A, Volume 1, 3. Calculation of declared distances:

  • The declared distances to be calculated for each runway direction comprise: the take-off run available (TORA), take-off distance available (TODA), accelerate-stop distance available (ASDA), and landing distance available (LDA).

  • Where a runway has a displaced threshold, then the LDA will be reduced by the distance the threshold is displaced, as shown in Figure A-1 (D). A displaced threshold affects only the LDA for approaches made to that threshold; all declared distances for operations in the reciprocal direction are unaffected.

Declared Distances

(Landing Distances on SKYbrary)

Note that the TODA (TakeOff Distance Available) is unchanged in D, but the LDA (Landing Distance Available) is reduced.

Does it have to be used for takeoff?

No, a takeoff can be performed starting from anywhere along the runway. This is typically called an intersection takeoff. Some airports even have taxiway signs displaying the remaining TORA at some taxiways:

Intersection Takeoff
(ICAO Standards - Airfield Information Signs)

Such an intersection takeoff requires ATC clearance and of course that the aircraft takeoff performance calculations are done based on this intersection. See also Are intersection takeoffs less common in the USA than in other countries?

  • $\begingroup$ Your answers were great but I think that I asked my question wrong; my question actually was: If there is a displaced threshold for a runway; can pilot start their rollout from the beginning of the runway(behind of the displaced threshold) or he/she has to take a clearance beginning of the displaced threshold and start to roll-out? thanks in advance for your answer $\endgroup$ Mar 31, 2020 at 9:33
  • $\begingroup$ @VolkanEroğlu I see, I misunderstood that. I added another paragraph ;) $\endgroup$
    – Bianfable
    Mar 31, 2020 at 9:46
  • $\begingroup$ Is there also a "displaced threshold" for takeoffs? $\endgroup$
    – zymhan
    Mar 31, 2020 at 15:13
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @zymhan As in an area that can only be used for landing, but not for takeoff? Not that I know of. $\endgroup$
    – Bianfable
    Mar 31, 2020 at 15:31

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