This is a perpetual motion scheme, and no that would not work as it does violate the second law of thermodynamics.
Said wind turbine scheme like that could generate electricity, but would add additional drag on to the airframe which would have to be compensated for by additional thrust (energy is conserved). In a perfect world the total drag force on those wind turbines could be totally converted into thrust by an electric engine driven by them. However, as they say, there’s no free cup of coffee in this universe. There will be thermodynamic and entropic losses associated with such a design. You could never break even and, even if you could, the additional weight of the systems would have to be accommodated my additional structure, weighing more, creating more drag and requiring even more thrust to overcome.
When I was a child, I had an idea for an airplane which was electrically powered. An electric motor not only drove a propeller but also an electric generator which, in turn powered the motor. My father, an engineer himself, quickly pointed out to me the fallacy of such designs. Until we figure out a means to spontaneously create energy - and that’s not necessarily out of the question if you subscribe to the multiverse and string theory physics! - they remain the stuff of childhood fantasies.
EDIT: Beyond the tongue in cheek vid above, here’s a pretty good one on perpetual motion.