What are the forces felt on the flight yoke/stick based on the deflection of control surfaces and the aerodynamic forces acting on the control surfaces with respect to different aircraft attitudes?
For example: At low airspeed, the controls usually feel soft and sluggish, and the airplane responds slowly to control applications. At high speed, the controls feel firm and the response is more rapid.
Are there any equations that represent the same and how is the force exerted on the flight control yoke calculated?
My question is based on the control loading system of professional grade flight simulators for general aviation aircraft. I want to design a force feedback mechanism for a flight simulator to enhance realism.