I've seen this plane but I don't know its name:
Looks like a TB-3 or a variant thereof. According to Wikipedia, this four-engine all steel(!) heavy bomber first flew in 1930 and was the world's first cantilever aircraft in this class. The skis do not appear to have pertained exclusively to any specific variant, given that the first flight already used them.
It was used up to and including the Second World War, and a number of experimental variants were developed from it. One of the most interesting was the Zveno project, an experiment with parasite fighters. Here you can see the Zveno-SPB variant of the TB-3 with two I-16 fighters under the wings:
The Zveno-SPB saw operational usage and even success in raids against the Romanian oilfields during WW2.
That must be one of the civil variants of TB-3 as other guys already said. Went under designations ANT-6A and/or G-2, I'd have to dig out a book to tell more precisely.
Interestingly, Wikipedia tells almost nothing about it -- and this plane (well, planes -- there were a small series) was quite a hero of Artic flights, if I recall my reading right.
ADDED: Well, it was (a hero etc.). On May 21, 1937 ANT-6A commanded by M.V.Vodopyanov (aircraft register number N-170) made ice landing in the North pole region, the first in history. Later, flight of 4 ANT-6A's landed the "North pole-1" polar expedition and their supplies. The ANT-6A (actually, ANT-6 "Aviaarktika") modifications included a drag chute, which allowed to reduce a landing run by 35-50%. These aircraft could have either wheeled or ski landing gear. The cargo weight was up to 2500 kg, while the total load could reach almost 50% of takeoff weight. G-2, however, and here I was wrong, was essentially TB-3 without the armament and with added cargo securing equipment and some "passenger carrying equipment"--hard seats (up to 4000 kg load or up to 50 passengers). Some of those registered thousands of flight hours.