Sorry but I don't know how to accurately phrase this question. I want to know how much compression results from air hitting the nose of an aircraft.
I'm interested in the traditional airliners (Mach 0.85, blunt nose, like B747 or A320), as well as the supersonic stuff like Concorde and even Mig-31.
Is there an equation for this? Presumably with cross section area and some kind of coefficient of form drag. I'm looking for a density and/or pressure change.
I want to know if this is significant, like if the aircraft actually has to do a lot of extra work to overcome the greater density in the nose air. But there are actually several reasons. I want to calculate how much heat arises from the adiabatic compression, which will let me know if some kind of active cooling is required for a given material. I want to know if the increased density of the nose air actually changes the general drag equation, like if you have to put in a higher density value when just calculating the fuselage drag. I want to know what possible boost you can get from the "ram effect" such as from a ramjet.
In this question, all I'm really asking for is the compression ratio...or change in density, or change in pressure...sorry I don't know which one is more accurate. If I just have that, then I think I can answer the rest using other equations I know of.
I wanted to explain myself in case this appears too broad or too xyz thing, sorry can't remember that term either. Hopefully someone will know an equation that can answer this. Equations give hard numbers, so they're always better than relative adjectives like "larger", "negligable", etc.
Also, if someone can suggest tags, please do so. Couldn't think of anything better than "drag".