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Per flightradar24, on August 25th 2019, an Air Europa Boeing 787 flying from Tel Aviv to Madrid flew over Tunisia's and Algeria's airspace.

I thought flights departing from Israel or flying to it are banned from the airspace of Arab countries that don't have diplomatic relations with Israel.

For example, flights between Israel and India fly around the south of the Arabic peninsula. Flights between Israel and South America fly north of the Gibraltar straights.

Does someone know how did this happen, if it is a one off or a change, who authorizes this. Maybe this can happen in case of bad weather or an unplanned contingency.

While I did not find an official source stating that such flights are forbidden from those two countries airspace, see here for an informal one: https://ops.group/blog/countries-with-bans-on-flights-to-israel/

Thanks

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While Israel may be restricted from Middle Eastern Arab countries, North Africa is a bit different. The EASA has a list of countries they have a working agreement with, which includes both Israel and Tunisia

As part of the process of creating a wider Common Aviation Area with its eastern and southern neighbours, the EU negotiated a comprehensive Euro-Mediterranean agreement with Tunisia which has been initialled on 11 December 2017. This comprehensive agreement will result in an increase in the number of direct flights and boost trade and tourist flows between the EU and Tunisia. Beyond market opening, the agreement also provides a modern framework and high standards for a wide range of aviation issues, such as safety, security, passenger rights, air traffic management, economic regulation, competition issues or social aspects.

As to Algeria (not in the EASA), the answer is probably more mundane: airspace fees

Many countries use airspace fees as a form of revenue and, sometimes, as a form of leverage during political negotiations. This causes prices and routes to fluctuate, with airlines subject to different policies. Costs are, of course, transferred to travellers, while airspace restrictions can significantly limit the options available to certain destinations.

Algeria uses France's ENNA to collect their fees

Overflying navigation fees are generally imposed by the country’s civil aviation authority (CAA) although some countries have other entities responsible for their issuance, such as the airport authority, or specialist local government bureaux. In Algeria for example, responsibility lies with ENNA, the National Enterprise for Air Navigation.

As such, Algeria doesn't want in Israelis in their country, but probably doesn't mind their money to fly over nearly as much.

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    $\begingroup$ and as the airline in question is Spanish rather than Israeli, they'll have even less objections to them being there. $\endgroup$ – jwenting Aug 27 '19 at 7:49
  • $\begingroup$ Money, dear boy. $\endgroup$ – Sean Aug 27 '19 at 19:58

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