Is there anything wrong with taking a friend in the copilot's seat of a small general aviation aircraft with me flying, or does he have to sit in the back (if there is one)?

  • 14
    $\begingroup$ You can even let them fly: Are pilots allowed to let passengers fly the plane? $\endgroup$
    – Bianfable
    Commented Aug 8, 2019 at 10:25
  • 4
    $\begingroup$ Most GA planes don't require copilots. so it's not "the copilot's seat". Some (e.g. C-150/152) don't even have more than two seats. It's absolutely normal for a passenger to ride in the front. Indeed, with some (the Piper Cub, for instance) the pilot rides in the rear seat. $\endgroup$
    – jamesqf
    Commented Aug 8, 2019 at 17:08
  • 3
    $\begingroup$ In some there is no choice. $\endgroup$
    – mckenzm
    Commented Aug 9, 2019 at 2:29
  • 2
    $\begingroup$ On your lap? Might be awkward and uncomfortable, but probably not forbidden. $\endgroup$
    – Roger
    Commented Aug 9, 2019 at 13:34
  • $\begingroup$ @Roger I very strongly suspect that to fall under any "careless or reckless" catch-all, unless a more specific regulation exists in OP's jurisdiction which would cover it. It'd be the kind of thing that maybe, just possibly you could get away with as long as nothing goes wrong (because it could be made unlikely that someone would find out), but if something does go wrong, such a regulation would certainly be used against the pilot by the authorities. $\endgroup$
    – user
    Commented Aug 10, 2019 at 10:07

2 Answers 2


There should be no problem in general with flying with a passenger in a front row seat in a GA flight, as long as the aircraft is certified for single-pilot operations. You'd want to check your national regulations to be certain, but I have a hard time imagining that it would be prohibited as long as you're allowed to carry passengers in the first place. In general, it's normal practice in small airplanes for passengers to fly up front.

However, especially for anyone not used to a cockpit environment, you would definitely want to brief them on expected behavior before beginning the flight, in addition to any pre-flight briefing required by legislation. Even if such legislation only require briefing before a commercial flight, it might be good, and put your passenger more at ease, to do something similar before a non-commercial flight as well. (How to get out of the seat belt, how to exit the aircraft, where the airsickness bag is, ...)

None of this needs to be complex stuff; what I have in mind here is mostly things like keep your feet clear of the pedals, keep your legs clear of the yoke, don't touch any of the controls unless told to, and similar. As Jamiec points out in their answer, it's very unlikely that someone not used to light aircraft would know what the rows of instruments, switches and controls are about, so a quick "fly safely in the cockpit" style briefing would absolutely be appropriate in addition to a general pre-flight briefing.

For a (somewhat humorous) example of what I have in mind, you might want to check out Preflight Announcement, Maule on Youtube.

Especially since this is someone you know, and you'd therefore presumably be able to gauge their reactions more easily than if they were a stranger, don't be afraid to sprinkle some appropriate humor into the briefing. For one example, I've heard of the airsickness bag being referred to as the rollercoaster bag.

It may also help put your passenger at ease if you specifically tell them what you're about to do before you do something unusual or non-obvious, such as the engine runup and magneto check. Particularly with non-pilot passengers, you don't want to get technical; something like "I'll do a few engine tests to make sure it's running smoothly before we take off" is more meaningful to them than "I'll bring the engine to 2391 RPM while holding position, and then check the magnetos and carb heat before reporting ready to Tower". Certainly when flying with another pilot you might just say "mag check", or even nothing at all (they'd probably be expecting you to do it).

Especially if your friend is an adult or an able teenager (but probably not for people much younger than that), do consider the possibility of enlisting their help with simple tasks during the flight. Regulations permitting and of course assuming that you as the pilot in command feel comfortable with it, you could even let your friend take the controls for a while, as long as you're able to take over if necessary and you're able to ensure that nothing untoward happens. If nothing else, they can definitely help look out for and call out nearby traffic while hopefully enjoying the view.

You could also show your friend how to use the radio to contact ATC in an emergency, and at least the very basics of keeping the airplane in the air (things like mostly straight and level flight; shallow turns, possibly without rudder; climb and descent; stall indication and response; where the throttle is and how to operate it; and possibly the IDENT function on the transponder). In the unlikely event that something were to happen to you, while not a guarantee, doing so would greatly increase the odds of both of you eventually making it out of the airplane in one piece. I have written a much more in-depth answer about this from the passenger's perspective which you might find informative. It's possible that there are even courses specifically tailored toward GA passengers in your locale, which would/could cover such topics; if not, any instructor worth their salt should be able to put something together easily enough for a given airplane type. If this is someone you expect to fly with often, that might be money well spent for both of you.

  • $\begingroup$ I'm not a pilot, but personally, I'd also explain to people of that last category (adults and able teenagers) how to operate the radio so at the very least, if something happens to me while I'm flying, they can contact Traffic Control and get advice. That is assuming whatever might have happened to me doesn't interfere with the controls of the plane. $\endgroup$
    – Nzall
    Commented Aug 9, 2019 at 13:38
  • $\begingroup$ @Nzall That's a good idea. I've added it to the answer. $\endgroup$
    – user
    Commented Aug 9, 2019 at 13:55

Yes, friends & family can sit up front with you in a light aircraft.

It is your responsibility as PIC to brief the passenger regarding the controls - which anyone not used to a light aircraft may not be familiar with - the last thing you want is them pushing the yoke forward at the wrong time.

  • 2
    $\begingroup$ Even worse is when they get "scared" and push their feet against the pedals. Some people don't understand that it isn't a "brake and a gas" and may push one or both. Nothing more fun than landing with a nervous passenger holding your brakes locked. $\endgroup$
    – Ron Beyer
    Commented Aug 8, 2019 at 13:29
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @RonBeyer : That's a similar problem with trainees at the beginning. My instructor nearly crashed with a fellow trainee on their first flight as the trainee got panicked, grabbed the yoke and instinctively pulled it to himself. The two yokes were mechanically coupled, and thankfully the instructor was physically much stronger so he could wrestle it free before they would have stalled. $\endgroup$
    – vsz
    Commented Aug 9, 2019 at 6:07

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .