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What is the difference between component inspection and component service? And is overhaul / restoration a service or an inspection?

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Servicing is lubrication or replenishment as required for a component to continue in service - greasing, adding oil etc. Inspection is verification that condition of a component is acceptable, either visually, or using an enhancement method like Xray, ultrasonic, or various non-destructive test methods.

Overhaul/Restoration is disassembly, inspection and replacement of internal parts to bring the unit to some minimum dimensional/performance standard.

The term Restoration is generally associated with MSG-3 based maintenance programs and is something like overhaul but often is restricted to specific components identified in endurance testing, or even just something like a grease charge that requires disassembly to remove/replace, again based on endurance testing.

A restoration doesn't "zero time" a unit; it's more of a mid-life refresh. MSG-3 based parts can be run forever theoretically, because the whole idea is you run the component until periodic functional testing in the field detects a performance degradation, but parts usually also have a structural life limit imposed on a root component like a housing, based on endurance/fatigue testing. Once the root component reaches its life limit, the part is scrap. That clock does not get reset by rebuilding the unit.

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  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for the info. Was really needed. $\endgroup$
    – ashlok
    Commented Jul 21, 2019 at 18:36

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