The EASA licence and ratings requirements pages list:
- PPL(A) - for aeroplanes
- PPL(H) - for helicopters
- SPL - for gliders
- BPL - for balloons
- LAPL(A) - for aeroplanes
- LAPL(H) - for helicopters
- LAPL(S) - for gliders
- LAPL(B) - for balloons
It appears that you can upgrade an LAPL to its matching licence; for example, an LAPL(A) to a PPL(A) by taking further instruction and tests (except in the case of the sailplane licence, which seems not to require this, and the airship licence PPL(As), for which their exists no LAPL counterpart).
It looks like the LAPLs are generally easier to obtain (for example, requiring fewer flying hours).
What's the purpose of this apparent duplication of licensing? Are the LAPLs intended to be a pathway to the other licenses, or a destination in themselves?