Tyres burst - not just fail - remarkably often. The Aviation Herald lists 26 tyre-related incidents this year.
- Nordica CRJ9 at Kiev and Tallinn on Jun 4th 2019, burst tyre
- American B738 at Kingston and Miami on May 7th 2019, tyre damage on departure
- American B738 at Vancouver on Apr 19th 2019
Some other failures also appear very regularly (cabin pressurisation, flaps, landing gear). However, these are of complex systems that have many interacting parts, and they also exhibit multiple ways of failing.
Car tyres, which are maintained much less well than aircraft tyres and travel far greater distances over much harsher surfaces, very rarely burst, even when they fail.
Why do the tyres of these large aeroplanes burst rather than fail in other ways? What is it about the way that aircraft tyres are made, or the conditions that they are subjected to, that cause them to burst as often as they do?