In steady flight both points are exactly at the same lengthwise location. The pilot is able to shift the center of pressure somewhat by moving the elevator. Therefore, every aircraft that pitches up will become one where the center of gravity is behind the center of pressure.
But I guess you did not request this answer but a different one. That, however, would require a different question: Are there any airplanes with the Centre of Gravity behind the Aerodynamic Centre? Please read here about what those different centres are.
Most aircraft are indeed built such that the center of gravity is ahead of the aerodynamic center. This allows the pilot to let go of the stick momentarily and gives him valuable force feedback on the stick when the aircraft's speed or load factor changes. And it is required for civilian aircraft so they can be certified.
However, placing the center of gravity further aft has become a de facto standard for military combat aircraft with supersonic capabilities. Please read here why this helps. To summarize:
- Agility is enhanced
- Supersonic trim drag is greatly reduced
- Smaller wing and tail surfaces are needed for the same take-off and landing performance.
The first aircraft which was designed with the center of gravity behind the aerodynamic center was the Wright Flyer I. When designers found out that aircraft could be made naturally stable, they placed the center of gravity more forward, and only with fly-by-wire controls did they return to the rear center of gravity location. The first design to do so on purpose was the F-16, and today every fly-by-wire combat aircraft with supersonic capabilities follows the same path.