Well, they might well find out what you did, but it won't be from ATC radar that they get the first clue. ATC radar wouldn't catch it, since they see ground speed and know neither your head/tail wind component nor the exact temperature at your altitude (which determines the speed of sound). If you're flying SR-71 speeds, then yeah they'd notice, but the difference between M 0.95 and M 1.05 isn't enough that they'd see it, or care.
You'd be far more likely to be "busted" based on noise complaints from the ground, which could be followed up by checking the ATC replay to determine who was flying "there" at that time.
But if nobody from the ground complains about the boom, the chance that radar by itself would catch a slightly supersonic excursion is pretty remote.