According to the provisions in ICAO Annex 6 - Operation of Aircraft, Vol 1 and Vol. III, a Type I FDR shall record the parameters required to determine accurately the aeroplane flight path, speed, attitude, engine power, configuration and operation. Types II and IIA FDRs shall record the parameters required to determine accurately the aeroplane flight path, speed, attitude, engine power and configuration of lift and drag devices.
Therefore the listing word by word is not defined by the authorities
As a start, but not only, it depends on the age of the aircraft, for instance early 737 had 64 words of 12 bits, most of these words have the first 2 bits for binary states(open, closed, selected on or selected off, etc) the remaining bits are for an analog value expressed binary, such as pressure, speed, vario, etc. Some other words are fully for states conditions, that is every bit of the 12 bits of the word indicates a state.
To the opposite of early 737 late 737s have 256 words,
So it doesn’t depend on the type of FDR, but on the specific model of aircraft, the type of FDR is just a consequence; 2 FDRs recording the same number of words won’t have the same words definitions
But more than that:
The FDR will record what it receives from a computer that centralizes all the data and that manages the data into 12 bits words. The recorded data depends on the chronology of received words. This chronology doesn’t depend on the FDR but on the emitting computer that sends the data to the FDR
It depends on the specific options of the aircraft, that’s why every aircraft has its own listing, the investigation center will get this data either from the aircraft manufacturer or from the operator, because the data is also available in the specific maintenance manual of the aircraft.
So unhappily you have to refer to the maintenance manual of what, of the specific aircraft
Now a hint: if you find in the nature an FDR, how to decode it if you don’t know ahead to what aircraft it belongs?
Is this a general answer, may be yes. Am I giving the parameters of every recorded word, the answer is no; Am I giving the corresponding units? The answer is no; However I am telling where to find these, that is the specific maintenance manual of that specific aircraft. Had I to refrain from answering? May be no. Since 1 year, not to give a general answer nobody has answered. Nevertheless hope this has been helpful.