I've noticed that mechanics often like to keep track of "time-since-new" (TSN) on components that have already been overhauled. What would TSN matter when the component is tracked by TSO for maintenance purposes?

  • $\begingroup$ Lets you track how many times it's been overhauled, for one thing. $\endgroup$
    – Zeiss Ikon
    Aug 13, 2018 at 19:25
  • $\begingroup$ @ZeissIkon Do you happen to know of any component life limits that put an upper limit on the number of times it can be overhauled? $\endgroup$
    – Aeyrium
    Aug 13, 2018 at 20:41
  • $\begingroup$ @CEOofAeyrium some compressor blades have an absolute life limit due to fatigue cracks that can form. $\endgroup$ Aug 14, 2018 at 8:49

2 Answers 2


No, if the part is not subject to a life limit of its root component.

In the airline business, there are actually two terms used in the industry - "overhaul" and "restoration" which can generally be defined as follows:

If a part doesn't have a structural life limit, then the part can be rebuilt to new specifications an indefinite number of times, and each time, it is equivalent to a new part and will generally be called "overhauled" or "zero timed". Mechanics can track "time since new" but they don't really have to and if parts move around it probably won't be anyway. Piston aircraft cylinders are like this. If you buy a rebuilt cylinder, nobody will know how many hours are on it since it was first made.

However a lot of components, especially components that operate under stress on transport aircraft, can have structural life limits applied as a result of endurance tests (where, say, a series of housings under endurance test will start to develop cracks at X thousand cycles or hours, and a life limit will be applied at 1/3rd of the endurance result, which is the safety factor applied to structural cracks that develop in test).

When these parts get rebuilt, they aren't called "overhauled", they are called "restored". A structural actuator may get a restoration interval applied where it has to be rebuilt (because parts wore out during endurance testing) but once the root component like the basic housing gets to the life limit, the entire part is scrap. In these cases the rebuild is not an overhaul but a restoration. The hours or cycles have to be tracked since new since once it hits the life limit it is scrap even if it was rebuilt (restored) the previous month (which an airline won't let happen).


Depending on the part we are talking about, namely system components or engine LRUs, it becomes really useful for failure statistics and reliability analysis to track TSN/TSR/TSO & CSN/CSR/CSO of such units, even though there may not be hard limits to their life.

Engine & systems OEM maintenance programs usually contain recommendations on "soft times" and scheduled repairs to mantain acceptable reliability, it is widespread standard practice to track these sort of parts (serialized) in a management software of some sort.


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